Weight Loss in Response to Sibutramine (MERIDIA) is Influenced by the Inherited Genes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00433641
First received: February 8, 2007
Last updated: March 10, 2011
Last verified: March 2011
  Purpose

Control of food intake, size and frequency of meals are critical to the development of obesity. The stomach signals feelings of fullness after a meal and therefore plays a role in control of calorie intake. It is unclear whether the approved appetite reducing drug sibutramine changes the function of the stomach. Differences in the way individuals respond to treatment with the appetite suppressant sibutramine may also explain why some people lose weight while others do not.

In a previous study of 48 overweight or obese participants, we preliminarily observed that variation in the gene for the promoter of the serotonin transporter protein was significantly associated with degree of weight loss.

This new single center clinical study aims to evaluate the effects of the FDA-approved appetite suppressing medication, sibutramine (MERIDIA)on weight loss and stomach emptying in patients who are overweight or obese. The effect of individual differences in inherited genes that modify serrotonin and noradrenergic receptors on weight reduction with sibutramine will be tested.


Condition Intervention Phase
Obesity
Drug: sibutramine
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacogenomics of Weight Loss With Sibutramine in Obese and Overweight Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mayo Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Association of weight loss with candidate genotypes [ Time Frame: 2006-2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • T1/2 gastric emptying of solids [ Time Frame: 2006-2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • body composition (fat) [ Time Frame: 2006-2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 181
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2007
Primary Completion Date: November 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 1
placebo tablet
Drug: sibutramine
placebo
Other Name: meridia
Experimental: 2
sibutramine
Drug: sibutramine
oral sibutramine 10 mg once per day
Other Name: MERIDIA
Experimental: 3
sibutramine
Drug: sibutramine
oral 15 mg sibutramine once per day
Other Name: MERIDIA

Detailed Description:

Background:. Genetic variations are potentially key to inter-individual differences in responses to treatment with the appetite suppressant sibutramine.

Overall Aims: To evaluate influence of genetic variation in candidate adrenergic and serotonergic control mechanisms on weight loss and gastric emptying response to sibutramine in obesity.

Methods: 180 overweight or obese (respectively BMI of 25-29.9 or 30 kg/m2) people treated with sibutramine (10 or 15 mg/day) or placebo for 12 wks. We shall collect DNA from venous blood sample at study entry, and use SERT-P genotype at baseline to stratify patients according to LL vs LS/SS genotype in both obese and overweight groups. The primary outcome measurement will be the association of clinical response (weight loss) and the influence of SERT-P and 2-MSP variation. A secondary outcome for descriptive purposes is the gastric emptying response to sibutramine treatment. Gastric emptying of solids will be measured using stable isotope method.

Anticipated Results: SERT-P genotype is significantly associated with the magnitude of weight loss in obese and overweight individuals.

Significance: Our study will provide the first evidence of the pharmacogenomic effects of sibutramine on weight loss in obesity and appraise the association of weight loss with change in gastric emptying.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Normal weight, overweight and obese subjects with BMI> 18 Kg/m2 residing in Olmsted County, MN: Otherwise healthy individuals who are not currently on treatment for cardiac, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, hematological, neurological, endocrine (other than hyperglycemia not requiring medical therapy) and unstable psychiatric disease.
  • Age: 18-65 years
  • Gender: Men or women. Women of childbearing potential will have negative pregnancy test within 48 h of enrollment and before each radiation exposure.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Weight exceeding 300 pounds or 137 kilograms (due to limitations regarding SPECT imaging studies).
  • Abdominal surgery other than appendectomy, Caesarian section or tubal ligation.
  • Positive history of chronic gastrointestinal diseases, systemic disease that could affect gastrointestinal motility or use of medications that may alter gastrointestinal motility, appetite or absorption e.g., orlistat (Xenical).
  • Significant psychiatric dysfunction based upon screening with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS] self-administered alcoholism screening test (substance abuse) and the questionnaire on eating and weight patterns (binge eating disorders and bulimia). If such a dysfunction is identified by a HADS score >8 or difficulties with substance or eating disorders, the participant will be excluded and given a referral letter to his/her primary care doctor for further appraisal and follow-up.
  • Intake of medication, whether prescribed or OTC medication (except multivitamins) within 7 days of the study. Exceptions are birth control pill, estrogen replacement therapy, and thyroxine replacement.
  • Concomitant use of MAOI inhibitors and other centrally acting appetite suppressants (since this would make them ineligible for sibutramine treatment).
  • Hypersensitivity to sibutramine (since this would make them ineligible for sibutramine treatment).
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00433641

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael L. Camilleri, M.D. Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Mayo Clinic

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Michael Camilleri, Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00433641     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-003371, NIH DK67071
Study First Received: February 8, 2007
Last Updated: March 10, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Mayo Clinic:
obesity
pharmacogenetics
sibutramine
adrenergic
serotonergic
body composition
gastric emptying

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Weight Loss
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Body Weight Changes
Sibutramine
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Appetite Depressants
Anti-Obesity Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014