Treatment of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome With Tenecteplase: A Dose Escalation Pilot Study

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(drug has expired, no enrollments in study. Company pulled funding)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical Center of Central Georgia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00431379
First received: February 2, 2007
Last updated: November 4, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

The pathogenesis of ARDS appears to be from damage to the alveolar-capillary barrier, which is composed of the microvascular endothelium and the alveolar epithelium. This damage may occur from direct or indirect lung injury. The mechanism of injury to the alveolar capillary barrier appears to be through neutrophil-mediated injury, pro-inflammatory cytokines, ventilator-induced lung injury with alveolar over distention and abnormalities of the coagulation system. This results in blood clot formation in the microcirculation of the lung. Thrombolytics can dissolve blood clots and result in increased blood flow to the organs. This treatment may benefit ARDS patients, thus the purpose of this study.

Hardaway, et al.studied the effects of thrombolytics on ARDS in pigs. The experimental group showed improved oxygenation and survival as compared to controls. There was no bleeding complications noted with this therapy. Dr. Hardaway followed this animal study with a phase I clinical trial involving 20 patients with ARDS. The patients were treated with IV streptokinase or urokinase. Nineteen of the 20 patients showed an increase in PA02 after thrombolytic therapy. There were no significant bleeding complications in patients that were critically ill on ventilators.

We propose an additional phase I pilot study to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Tenecteplase for the treatment of ARDS. Unlike the other fibrinolytics studied in this disease state, Tenecteplase, is more fibrin specific and has increased resistance to plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-I) at greater levels than other available fibrinolytics. We have chosen an experimental dose escalation trial design of tenecteplase that has demonstrated initial safety trends in a Phase I acute ischemic stroke trial. The initial dose is 0.1 mg/kg IV and will increase to 0.2 mg/kg, 0.3 mg/kg, with a final cohort of patients receiving 0.4 mg/kg. Drug administration will be a single dose bolus in each cohort. Advancement of dose will occur if safety is not in question in the previous cohort. We hope this will provide an acceptable benefit risk ratio as the mortality of ARDS is approximately 30 - 60%. All patients will be closely monitored for any change in clotting parameters and signs of bleeding. Tenecteplase will be administered via a peripheral IV as described in the package insert.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Drug: Tenecteplase
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome With Tenecteplase: A Dose Escalation Pilot Study: Phase I

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medical Center of Central Georgia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival to Discharge
  • Safety Analysis of Bleeding Complications

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improved Pa02/Fi02 ratio
  • Improved cardiac profile
  • Incidence of organ failure
  • Decreased ventilator days
  • Decreased ICU days

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: February 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:
  1. Treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome with tenecteplase, a dose escalation pilot study: phase I
  2. The study sample size will be 20 patients. The 20 patients will be divided into 4 groups with 5 patients in each group or cohort. The first cohort will received 0.1mg/kg of tenecteplase as a bolus via peripheral IV as described by the package insert and will be closely monitored for safety and efficacy. If there are no adverse events associated with tenecteplase, the second cohort of patients will be enrolled and will receive 0.2 mg/kg of tenecteplase IV bolus. If there are no safety issues, we will proceed with the next cohort at 0.3 mg/kg with a final cohort of patients receiving 0.4 mg/kg of tenecteplase IV bolus. Advancement of dose will occur if safety is not in question in the previous cohort.
  3. Tenecteplase will be given as a bolus via peripheral IV as described by package insert.
  4. Treatment will be initiated after informed consent is obtained and only >12 hrs after any subcutaneous Heparin has been stopped and >12 hrs after placement of a pulmonary artery catheter, central line or arterial line. Only patients meeting criteria for ARDS (see inclusion criteria) will be considered for the study.
  5. Pretreatment assessment: We will obtain informed consent, demographic data, physical examination and medical history, vital signs, PT, PTT, INR, ABG, hemoglobin hematocrit, liver enzymes, cardiac enzymes, creatinine, fibrinogen, fibrin split products, platelets, urine pregnancy test, EKG, chest x-ray, cardiac profile from Swan-Ganz catheter and ventilator settings before treatment begins.
  6. Assessment during treatment: Blood samples will be taken every 6 hours for 24 hours and analyzes for PT, PTT, INR, fibrinogen, fibrin split products, platelets, hemoglobin, and hematocrit. Arterial blood gas samples will be taken at hour 1, 2, 3, and every six hours until 24 hours post-injection. Cardiac profile, vital signs and ventilator settings will be monitored at hour 1, 2, 3, and every six hours until 24 hours post-infusion. Adverse events will be monitored every hour for 24 hours.
  7. Follow-up assessment: 72 hours post treatment physical exam, vital signs, weight, adverse events, cardiac profile, ventilator settings, PT, PTT, INR, fibrinogen, fibrin split products, platelets, ABG, hemoglobin and hematocrit, liver enzymes, cardiac enzymes, creatinine, EKG and chest x-ray will be obtained. Thirty days post treatment physical exam, vital signs, weight, mortality, adverse events will be followed.
  8. Patients will be monitored for signs of clinical bleeding.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to provide written informed consent and comply with study assessments for full duration of the study by family member.
  • Patient-related considerations - See exclusion criteria
  • Disease-related considerations - ARDS is indicated by respiratory failure of acute onset, bilateral lung infiltrates, PaO2/Fi02 <200 mmHg,pulmonary artery wedge pressure < 18 mmHg, and need for a ventilator. (If the wedge pressure is >18, the patient is excluded from this study).
  • Only acute stage ARDS patients will be enrolled in the study. This is defined by patients with ARDS for <1 week.

Other considerations

  • Satisfactory recruitment and cooperation
  • A signed informed consent document
  • No participation in another clinical and/or observational trial
  • No previous participation in this study
  • Not a prisoner or otherwise in custody and not institutionalized for mental incompetence.
  • Patients with major trauma will only be included 5 days after trauma has occurred.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Bleeding - active internal bleeding
  • History of cerebrovascular accident
  • Intracranial neoplasm, arteriovenous malformation, or aneurysm or acute trauma
  • Known bleeding diathesis
  • Severe uncontrolled HTN
  • Thrombin time over 2 times laboratory normal
  • Prothrombin time or partial thromboplastin time > 2 times normal
  • Fibrinogen <100
  • Platelets <100
  • Creatine >2.0
  • Liver function tests > 2 times normal
  • History of coagulopathy, ulcer, or stroke
  • Systolic blood pressure >180, diastolic blood pressure >110
  • History of fibrinolytic use within one month prior to treatment
  • History of diabetic retinopathy
  • Pregnancy, pregnancy will be ruled out in women of childbearing age by urine test.
  • Obstetric delivery or intracranial injury within one month prior to treatment
  • Major trauma, major surgery, or CPR within 5 days or minor surgery or minor trauma within 2 days. The classification of major or minor is made by attending physician.
  • Patients undergoing non-operative management of liver, spleen, and kidney trauma.
  • Aspirin therapy >650mg q day
  • Epidural or spinal catheter within 5 days.
  • Known risk for embolization, including history of left heart thrombus, mitral stenosis with atrial fibrillation, acute pericarditis, and subacute bacterial endocarditis.
  • Over the age of 75 years
  • Patients on Xigris
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00431379

Locations
United States, Georgia
Medical Center of Central GA
Macon, Georgia, United States, 31201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical Center of Central Georgia
Genentech
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dennis W. Ashley, MD, FACS Medical Center of Central GA
Study Chair: Debra M Kitchens, RN, CEN Medical Center of Central Georgia
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Medical Center of Central Georgia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00431379     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H0605329
Study First Received: February 2, 2007
Last Updated: November 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Acute Lung Injury
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Lung Injury
Tenecteplase
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Hematologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014