Neurovascular Coupling in Eyes of Glaucoma Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00430209
First received: January 31, 2007
Last updated: December 10, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

We hypothesize that glaucoma patients demonstrate an impaired retinal vascular response to the flicker stimulus, and that this disturbance is predictive of the progression of glaucomatous damage.

The response of a major temporal superior and inferior retinal artery and vein to a 60 seconds 12.5 Hz flicker light stimulation in 50 glaucoma patients, 50 ocular hypertensives and 50 controls (using the Retinal Vessel Analyzer) and to investigate how intraocular pressure relates to neurovascular coupling. In addition, 50 glaucoma patients and 50 ocular hypertension patients will be followed for 3 years for functional (visual field, automated perimetry with Octopus device) and morphological (retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, Optical Coherence Tomography Stratus ocular coherence tomography (OCT) device) glaucomatous damage progression, in order to test the predictive power of the retinal vascular flicker response for glaucoma progression.


Condition
Glaucoma
Ocular Hypertension

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Neurovascular Coupling in Eyes of Glaucoma Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response to flicker light in glaucoma [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response to flicker light in glaucoma, ocular hypertension (OHT) and normal subjects


Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: December 2006
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Rationale: The term neurovascular coupling refers to the vascular response to an increased neuronal activity. The contact of the nerve terminals to the cortical blood vessels is mostly realized through astrocytes. A major defining property of glaucoma, cupping of the optic disc, implies tissue remodeling of the optic nerve head and involves an astrocytic responses. A malfunction of the astrocytes in glaucoma may lead not only to the hallmark of glaucoma, cupping and death of retinal ganglion cells, but also to an accompanying or even preceding disturbance in ocular neurovascular coupling. The retinal vascular bed was chosen because of the high reproducibility of the dynamic retinal vessel diameter analysis and because recently the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α was found not only in the glia of the optic nerve head but also in the retina of glaucomatous donor eyes and predominantly in retinal locations closely concordant with the locations of visual field defects recorded in these eyes, raising questions about the site of primary damage in glaucoma. It is hoped that this research project will help provide a workable tool and a model able not only to identify a risk factor for glaucoma, but in the future to explore possible therapeutic avenues to modify the course of the disease.

Working hypothesis: We hypothesize that glaucoma patients demonstrate an impaired retinal vascular response to the flicker stimulus, and that this disturbance is predictive of the progression of glaucomatous damage

Subjects and Methods The present protocol intends to explore the response of a major temporal superior and inferior retinal artery and vein to a 60 seconds 12.5 Hz flicker light stimulation in 50 glaucoma patients, 50 ocular hypertensives and 50 controls (using the Retinal Vessel Analyzer) and to investigate how intraocular pressure relates to neurovascular coupling. In addition, 50 glaucoma patients and 50 ocular hypertension patients will be followed for 3 years for functional (visual field, automated perimetry with Octopus device) and morphological (retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, Optical Coherence Tomography Stratus OCT device) glaucomatous damage progression, in order to test the predictive power of the retinal vascular flicker response for glaucoma progression. Patients will be recruited in the University Eye Clinic Basel, a notification in the University Hospital of Basel and/or advertisement in a newspaper will inform potential healthy volunteers of the opportunity to participate in a scientific research project.

Study Course: Study is divided in the cross-sectional and in the cohort part. In the former, first the screening examination will be performed, to establish an eligibility of a patient / control subject for the study. Thereafter, the measurements described above will follow, which will conclude the cross-sectional part of the study. Glaucoma patients and patients with ocular hypertension will be offered a possibility to enter the cohort-study, with a 3-year follow-up embedded in the clinical routine and consisting of biannual repeated measurements outlined above.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 79 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

glaucoma patients ocular hypertensives normal controls

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • glaucoma
  • ocular hypertension

Exclusion Criteria:

  • highest ever measured intraocular pressure (IOP) equal or higher than 30 mmHg
  • peripapillary hemorrhage
  • any suspicion of progression
  • PEX (pseudo exfoliations syndrome) or pigment dispersion syndrome
  • a history of an acute glaucoma attack
  • chamber angle dysgenesia
  • any form of secondary glaucoma
  • diabetes
  • high levels of blood lipids
  • systemic or ocular circulatory diseases
  • medication, drugs, alcohol, smoking
  • systolic blood pressure above 145mmHg or a diastolic above 95mmHg
  • visual acuity worse than 20/25
  • high ametropia (spherical equivalent < -5 diopters or > +3 diopters)
  • astigmatism above 2 diopters
  • significant cataract
  • filtering procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00430209

Locations
Switzerland
University Eye Clinic
Basel, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland, 4031
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Investigators
Study Director: Selim Orgül, MD University Eye Clinic, Basel
  More Information

No publications provided by University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00430209     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 083-GUK-2006-001, Swiss National Foundation
Study First Received: January 31, 2007
Last Updated: December 10, 2013
Health Authority: Switzerland: Swissmedic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glaucoma
Hypertension
Ocular Hypertension
Eye Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014