Maraviroc in Rheumatoid Arthritis

This study has been terminated.
(See Detailed Description.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by:
ViiV Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00427934
First received: January 25, 2007
Last updated: November 10, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether maraviroc, an investigational drug given with methotrexate (MTX) is safe and effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in adult patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Drug: Maraviroc
Drug: Maraviroc Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Maraviroc in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Subjects Receiving Methotrexate

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by ViiV Healthcare:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20% Responders at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A subject was an ACR 20 responder if: the counts for both tender and swollen joints had reduced by 20% or more from baseline; and 3 out of the following 5 assessments showed reduction of 20% or more from baseline assessment: Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain (Visual Analogue Scale [VAS]), Patient's Global Assessment of Arthritis (VAS), Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis (Categorical), Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and C-Reactive Protein (CRP).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • ACR 20% Responders at Weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8 [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A subject was an ACR 20 responder if: the counts for both tender and swollen joints had reduced by 20% or more from baseline; and 3 out of the following 5 assessments showed reduction of 20% or more from baseline assessment: Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain, Patient's Global Assessment of Arthritis, Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis, HAQ-DI, and CRP. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 ACR 20% data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • ACR 50% Responders at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A subject was an ACR 50 responder if: the counts for both tender and swollen joints had reduced by 50% or more from baseline; and 3 out of the following 5 assessments showed reduction of 50% or more from baseline assessment: Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain, Patient's Global Assessment of Arthritis, Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis, HAQ-DI, and CRP. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 ACR 50% data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • ACR 70% Responders at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A subject was an ACR 70 responder if: the counts for both tender and swollen joints had reduced by 70% or more from baseline; and 3 out of the following 5 assessments showed reduction of 70% or more from baseline assessment: Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain, Patient's Global Assessment of Arthritis, Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis, HAQ-DI, and CRP. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 ACR 70% data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in Tender/Painful Joint Count at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed for tender/painful joint count. Twenty-eight tender and swollen joint scores included the same joints: shoulders, elbows, wrists, metacarpophalangeal joints (MCP), proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP), and the knees. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 tender/painful joint count data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in Swollen Joint Count at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed for swollen joint count. Twenty-eight tender and swollen joint scores included the same joints: shoulders, elbows, wrists, MCP joints, PIP joints, and the knees. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 swollen joint count data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The severity of arthritis was scored by the subject between 0 (no pain) and 100 (most severe pain) on a 100 mm VAS. Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed for Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 Patient's Assessment of Arthritis Pain data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in Patient's Global Assessment of Arthritis Pain at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjects answered: "Considering all the ways your arthritis affects you, how are you feeling today?" Subjects responded by using a 0 - 100 mm VAS where 0=very well and 100=very poorly. Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed for Patient's Global Assessment. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 Patient's Global Assessment of Arthritis Pain data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis Pain at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Physician's evaluation based on subject's disease signs, functional capacity and physical exam. Response recorded using 5-point scale: 1=Very Good, 2=Good, 3=Fair, 4=Poor and 5=Very Poor. Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed for Physician's Global Assessment. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy thus Week 16 Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis Pain data were collected but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in HAQ-DI at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAQ-DI assesses degree of difficulty experienced in daily activity categories (dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip and other activities) over the past week. There are 20 questions and difficulty is scored from 0 (none), 1 (some), 2 (much) and 3 (unable to do). Scores were then averaged to give the disability index (scale of 0 to 3). Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 HAQ-DI data were collected but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in CRP at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline at each visit were analyzed for CRP. The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 CRP data were collected, but not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score Using CRP (DAS28-4[CRP]) at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    DAS28-4 (CRP) was calculated using the following formula:

    DAS28- 4(CRP) = 0.56 √28 Tender Joint Count + 0.28 √28 Swollen Joint Count + 0.36*natural logarithm(CRP + 1) + 0.014*Patient Global Assessment + 0.96. DAS28 provides a number on a scale (0 to 10) indicating current disease activity. A score above 5.1 means high disease activity and a score below 3.2 indicates low disease activity. Change from baseline at each visit was analyzed for DAS28-4 (CRP). The Week 16 visit (follow-up) was designed for safety rather than efficacy, thus Week 16 DAS28-4 (CRP) data were collected, but not analyzed.


  • Change From Baseline in Mean Orthostatic Blood Pressure (BP) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Supine BP was recorded after 5 minutes lying down; subjects then sat for 2 minutes then stood for 2 minutes and standing BP was recorded. Orthostatic BP = either a systolic BP drop > 20 mmHg, or diastolic BP drop > 10 mmHg and/or drop in systolic BP < 90 mmHg. If a subject met the orthostatic criteria, they were required to complete 2 additional readings to provide a triplicate reading. The means of replicate BP values were used in the analysis. Baseline = the latest non-missing value from a range of pre-treatment visits. Change from baseline to Week 16 was analyzed for orthostatic BP.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Heart rate = standing and supine at the same time the orthostatic BP measurements were obtained. Baseline was defined to be the latest non-missing value from a range of pre-treatment visits. Means of replicate values were not used.

  • Number of Subjects With Categorical Absolute Vital Signs and Vital Sign Changes Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Baseline was defined to be the latest non-missing value from a range of pre-treatment visits. Maximum increase from baseline in supine and standing systolic BP was > = 30 mmHg, and maximum increase from baseline in supine and standing diastolic BP was > = 20 mmHg.

  • Change From Baseline in 12-Lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) Parameters (RR Interval, PR Interval, QRS Complex, QT Interval, Corrected QT [QTc] Interval, QTcB Interval [Bazett's Correction], QTcF Interval [Fridericia's Correction]). [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Baseline was defined to be the latest non-missing value from a range of pre-treatment visits. Means of replicate values were used. QTc interval was not measured for the PK populations.

  • Change From Baseline in 12-Lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) Parameters (Heart Rate). [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Baseline was defined to be the latest non-missing value from a range of pre-treatment visits. Means of replicate values were used.

  • Number of Subjects With Categorical Absolute ECG Parameters and ECG Changes Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Maximum QTcB, QTcF, and QTc intervals were defined as 450 to < 480 msec, 480 to < 500 msec, or > = 500 msec.

  • Change From Baseline in Short Form-36 (SF-36) Physical Component Summary at Weeks 4 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 v.2 (Acute version) is a 36-item generic health status measure that measures 8 general health concepts: Physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Each domain of the eight domains and the summary concept (physical component score) are scored to yield values between 0 (worst) and 100 (best). Change from baseline at Weeks 4 and 12 were analyzed for SF-36. Due to the termination of the study, SF-36 results for the PK component group were not analyzed.

  • Change From Baseline in SF-36 Mental Component Summary at Weeks 4 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 v.2 (Acute version) [12] is a 36-item generic health status measure that measures 8 general health concepts: Physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Each domain of the eight domains and the summary concept (mental component score) are scored to yield values between 0 (worst) and 100 (best). Change from baseline at Weeks 4 and 12 were analyzed for SF-36. Due to the termination of the study, SF-36 results for the PK component group were not analyzed.

  • Number of Subjects With Withdrawal From Study Due to Lack of Efficacy [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Withdrawal is the total number of withdrawals from the study. Withdrawal due to lack of efficacy was collected based on the investigator's judgement.

  • Survival Analysis of Time to Withdrawal: Proportion of Subjects Who Did Not Withdraw From the Study Due to Lack of Efficacy. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1 to 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Withdrawal due to lack of efficacy was collected based on the investigator's judgement. Time to withdrawal was measured by the probability that a subject did not withdraw due to lack of efficacy by a particular visit. This was a statistical estimate (Kaplan-Meier Survival Analysis) of the probability that a participant would not withdraw due to lack of efficacy.

  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Profile From Time Zero to Four Hours Postdose (AUC 0-4) for MTX at Screening and Week 1 and Maraviroc at Week 1 [ Time Frame: Screening (1, 2, 3, and 4 hours post-dose), Week 1 (0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours post-dose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Effect of maraviroc on the PK of MTX (comparison of AUC0-4 of MTX at screening versus at Week 1 after coadministration with 150 mg or 300 mg of maraviroc). PK was assessed at screening (MTX) and at Week 1 (maraviroc and MTX).

  • Maximum Observed Concentration (Cmax) During the Dosing Interval for MTX at Screening and Week 1 and Maraviroc at Week 1 [ Time Frame: Screening (1, 2, 3, and 4 hours post-dose), Week 1 (0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours post-dose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Effect of maraviroc on the PK of MTX (comparison of Cmax of MTX at screening versus at Week 1 after coadministration with 150 mg or 300 mg of maraviroc). PK was assessed at screening (MTX) and at Week 1 (maraviroc and MTX).

  • Time for Cmax (Tmax) for MTX at Screening and Week 1 and Maraviroc at Week 1 [ Time Frame: Screening (1, 2, 3, and 4 hours post-dose), Week 1 (0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours post-dose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PK was assessed at screening (MTX) and at Week 1 (maraviroc and MTX).


Enrollment: 128
Study Start Date: February 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: Maraviroc Placebo
Placebo tablets to match active drug. Two tablets are administered by mouth twice a day (BID) for 12 weeks.
Experimental: 1
This study was divided into two components: safety/pharmacokinetic (PK) and proof-of-concept (POC). In the safety/PK component either 150 mg or 300 mg tablets of maraviroc was administered twice a day (BID) to 16 rheumatoid arthritis subjects for 4 weeks.
Drug: Maraviroc
300 mg (2- 150 mg tablets) are administered by mouth twice a day (BID) for 12 weeks.

Detailed Description:

Following a planned interim analysis in the POC component on 21 August 2008 by the internal DMC (Data Monitoring Committee) of study A4001056, the trial was discontinued due to lack of efficacy. All participating investigators/country offices and monitors were notified on 22 August 2008 to cease patient enrollment. The DMC indicated that maraviroc was well tolerated in the Rheumatoid Arthritis patients and there were no safety concerns in the study. The termination date of this trial was 07 October 2008 when the last patient last visit occurred.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be legal age of consent
  • Must have active rheumatoid arthritis based upon the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1987 (Revised Criteria); minimum disease criteria required for entry into the efficacy component of the study
  • Must meet ACR 1991 Revised Criteria for Global Functional Status in RA, Class I, II, or III
  • Must be receiving methotrexate for at least 12 weeks duration and on a stable dose for 4 weeks.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed with any other inflammatory arthritis or a secondary non-inflammatory arthritis that would interfere with disease activity assessments.
  • Subject receiving prior treatment with certain medications for rheumatoid arthritis
  • Tuberculosis and/or a positive tuberculin reaction
  • Significant trauma or major surgery within 2 months
  • History of alcohol and/or drug abuse outside of a defined period of abstinence
  • History of or a finding at screening of postural hypotension
  • Any condition that would affect the oral absorption of the drug
  • History of cancer and in remission less than 3 years or Grade III-IV congestive heart failure
  • Having an infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B or C or evidence of any active infection
  • Abnormalities of clinical or laboratory assessments completed at the screening visit such as elevated liver enzymes, decreased hemoglobin or an abnormal ECG
  • Having a positive chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) delta 32 mutation
  • Requiring the use of certain medications
  • Lactating or pregnant women or subjects have reproductive potential unwilling to use an adequate method of birth control
  • Chronic or recent serious or life-threatening infection; severe , progressive and/or uncontrollable renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurological disease within 12 weeks of the first dose.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00427934

  Show 44 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
ViiV Healthcare
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by ViiV Healthcare

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Director, Clinical Trial Disclosure Group, Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00427934     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A4001056
Study First Received: January 25, 2007
Results First Received: October 6, 2009
Last Updated: November 10, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014