PS-341 Followed by Removal of Prostate for Those With Prostate Cancer
Following pretreatment evaluation, patients receive PS-341 by intravenous push weekly for 4 consecutive weeks followed by a 24-72 hour rest period. This schedule consists of one treatment cycle. Upon the completion of 4 weeks of PS-341 followed by a 24-72 hour rest period, radical prostatectomy will be performed. Surgery will be delayed if there is any bleeding abnormality (bleeding time greater than 10 minutes) and until platelet count is more than or equal to 100,000 and coagulation profile (PT, PTT) is normal. If at the time of surgery a patient is found to have positive lymph nodes, prostatectomy will be abandoned, the prostate will be biopsied, and the patient will be offered other treatment modalities (hormones, radiation therapy).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||H-11047: A Study of PS-341 Followed by Radical Prostatectomy for Patients With Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate (Spore #: 11-01-30-13)|
- The Purpose of the Present Study is to Assess the Safety of PS-341 as a Pretreatment in Patients Who Are to Undergo a Radical Prostatectomy. Poor Wound Healing and Excessive Bleeding, With Historical Rates of <1% and 10% Respectively Will be Measured. [ Time Frame: Poor wound healing (dehiscence of fascia during the first postoperative week) and bleeding 24 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Pour wound healing is defined in the protocol as dehiscence of fascia during the first postoperative week. Excessive bleeding is defined in the protocol as greater than 2 units of blood required during the first 24 hours after surgery.
|Study Start Date:||December 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: PS-341 (bortezomib)
In murine and human xenograft tumor models, administration of PS-341 weekly was associated with significant antitumor activity. In primate studies using a schedule of twice weekly for six weeks, the highest PS-341 dose not associated with severe irreversible toxicity was 0.067 mg/kg/dose or 0.80 mg/m2/dose. The PS-341 dose selected for this study, 1.6 mg/m2, and the dose regimen of a 4-week treatment schedule (PS-341 once weekly for four weeks on days 1, 8, 15 and 22) is supported by preclinical data and data collected in the completed Phase I studies conducted in advanced solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. In the Phase I dose escalation study conducted at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center that is sponsored by Millennium Pharmaceuticals, in patients with solid tumors in which PS-341 was administered once per week for four weeks followed by a 14-day rest period (35-day cycle), the observed MTD was 1.8 mg/m2.11,12 The LTs were observed at 2.0 mg/m2 and included hypotension, diarrhea, and fatigue. Fifty-three patients were treated in this study and received a maximum of 15 cycles. At the dose level 1.60 mg/m2, 70%-75% 20S proteasome inhibition and peripheral blood was achieved at this dose. One false response, a major radiographic response of retroperitoneal lymph nodes without PSA change was noted in a prostate cancer patient and a second prostate patient had radiographic stabilization of a retroperitoneal lymph node with an unchanged PSA. One partial response, a major radiographic response of retroperitoneal lymph nodes without PSA change was noted in a prostate cancer patient and a second prostate patient had radiographic stabilization of a retroperitoneal lymph node with an unchanged PSA. One partial response, a major radiographic response of retroperitoneal lymph nodes without PSA change was noted in a prostate cancer patient and a second prostate patient had radiographic stabilization of a retroperitoneal lymph node with an unchanged PSA. Further company-sponsored trial at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center is assessing twice weekly administration for two weeks every three weeks. This trial is currently dosing at 1.65 mg/m2 and a proteasome inhibition is in the range of 74-78%. One prostate cancer patient has had a significant decrease in PSA levels. There have been no dose-limiting toxicities noted in either of the studies to date, although drug associated toxicities have included fatigue, fever, nausea and vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea and thrombocytopenia. The NCI is sponsoring three Phase I trials of PS-341 administered IV twice weekly (days 1 and 4). One trial is assessing an every other week administration of PS-341 in patients with solid tumors and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A weekly times 4 every six weeks schedule is being evaluated in patients with solid tumors and B cell lymphoproliferative disorders. A third trial is evaluating the same administration schedule in patients with acute myeloid leukemias, myelodysplastic syndromes and chronic myeloid leukemia in blast phase.14 These trials have all recently opened. Based on these observations, PS-341 will be administered once a week for 4 weeks with a 24-72 hour recovery period prior to radical prostatectomy.
We propose to study the in vivo effect of systemic treatment with PS-341 doing correlative scientific markers assessing apoptosis, evaluation of protease protein targets, angiogenesis markers. We do not anticipate any perioperative morbidity when prostatectomy is performed 24-72 hours following the last drug dose. A residual drug activity may impact transiently on wound healing or on operative blood loss but this effect (if present) should dissipate within a short period while proteasome activity recovers in all normal tissues. Long term effects on the vesico-urethral anastomosis or the recovery of bladder and erectile functions are not expected.
At the same time, obtaining the prostate within 72 hours (at most) following the last drug dose should enable us to evaluate multiple protein markers while still influenced by proteasome inhibition and to document biologic activity of the drug in the target organ.
|United States, Texas|
|Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Teresa Hayes, M.D., Ph.D.||Baylor College of Medicine|