Alvocidib, Cytarabine, and Mitoxantrone in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00407966
First received: December 4, 2006
Last updated: October 7, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving alvocidib together with cytarabine and mitoxantrone works in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as alvocidib, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more cancer cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Basophilic Leukemia
Adult Acute Eosinophilic Leukemia
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0)
Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: alvocidib
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Alvocidib (NSC 649890, IND 46,211, Flavopiridol) in Timed Sequential Combination With Cytosine Arabinoside (Ara-C) and Mitoxantrone for Adults With Newly Diagnosed, Previously Untreated, Poor-Risk Acute Myelogenous Leukemias

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Complete Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Bone marrow showing less than 5% myeloblasts with normal maturation of all cell lines, an ANC of at least 1000/L and a platelet count of 100,000 L, absence of blast in peripheral blood, absence of identifiable leukemic cells in the bone marrow, clearance of disease-associated cytogenetic abnormalities, and clearance of any previously existing extramedullary disease. A CR must be confirmed 4 to 6 weeks after the initial documentation. If possible, at least one bone marrow biopsy should be performed to confirm the CR.


Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: October 2006
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (alvocidib, cytarabine, mitoxantrone hydrochloride)

Patients receive alvocidib IV over 1 hour on days 1-3, cytarabine IV continuously over 72 hours on days 6-8, and mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 1-2 hours on day 9. Beginning 35-63 days after completion of course 1, patients achieving complete or partial remission may receive a second course of treatment as above.

Patients age 50 and over with "core binding factor" acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (e.g., t[8;21], inv[16], or t[16;16]) achieving a complete remission after course 1 of treatment may receive 3-4 courses of consolidation therapy comprising high-dose cytarabine at the discretion of the investigator.

Drug: alvocidib
Given IV
Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride
Given IV

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the efficacy and toxicities of flavopiridol (alvocidib) followed by ara-C and mitoxantrone in adults with newly diagnosed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with poor-risk features.

II. To determine the disease free and overall survival of patients exhibiting a response to treatment with flavopiridol followed by ara-C and mitoxantrone.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive alvocidib IV over 1 hour on days 1-3, cytarabine IV continuously over 72 hours on days 6-8, and mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 1-2 hours on day 9. Beginning 35-63 days after completion of course 1, patients achieving complete or partial remission may receive a second course of treatment as above.

Patients age 50 and over with "core binding factor" acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (e.g., t[8;21], inv[16], or t[16;16]) achieving a complete remission after course 1 of treatment may receive 3-4 courses of consolidation therapy comprising high-dose cytarabine at the discretion of the investigator.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults with established, pathologically confirmed diagnoses of newly diagnosed, poor-risk AML including de novo and secondary AMLs but excluding newly diagnosed acute progranulocytic leukemia (APL, M3) will be considered eligible for study
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Patient must be able to give informed consent
  • Serum creatinine =< 2.0
  • ALT, AST =< 5 x upper limit of normal
  • Bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dl
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction >= 45%
  • Newly diagnosed AML, subtypes M0,1,2,4-7 but excluding M3 (APL) with poor-risk features, including:

    • Age > 50 years, or age > 18 years with one or more of the following criteria:

      • Antecedent hematologic disorder including myelodysplasia (MDS)-related AML (MDS/AML) and prior myeloproliferative disorder (MPD)
      • Treatment-related AML
      • AML with trilineage dysplasia (AML-TLD)
      • Adverse cytogenetics (defined as -5/-5q; -7/-7q; abnormal 3q, 9q, 11q, 20q, 21q or 17p; t(6;9); t(9;22); trisomy 8; trisomy 13, complex karyotypes (>= 3 unrelated abnormalities)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received hydroxyurea alone or have received non-cytotoxic therapies previously for MDS or MPD (e.g., thalidomide or lenalidomide, interferon, cytokines, low-dose 5-azacytidine, low-dose cytoxan) will be eligible for this trial
  • Any previous treatment with flavopiridol
  • Concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy
  • Hyperleukocytosis with >= 50,000 blasts/uL; leukapheresis or hydroxyurea may be used immediately prior to study drug administration for cytoreduction; must be stopped 24 hours before first dose of Flavopiridol
  • Acute Progranulocytic Leukemia (APL, M3)
  • Active CNS leukemia
  • Active, uncontrolled infection; patients with infection under active treatment and controlled with antibiotics are eligible
  • Presence of other life-threatening illness
  • Patients with mental deficits and/or psychiatric history that preclude them form giving informed consent or from following protocol
  • Pregnant and nursing patients are excluded
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00407966

Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287-8936
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Judith Karp Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

No publications provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00407966     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02986, NCI-2012-02986, U01CA70095, P30CA06973, J0669, 7845, U01CA070095
Study First Received: December 4, 2006
Results First Received: May 1, 2012
Last Updated: October 7, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Congenital Abnormalities
Leukemia
Leukemia, Basophilic, Acute
Leukemia, Eosinophilic, Acute
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Eosinophilia
Leukocyte Disorders
Cytarabine
Flavopiridol
Mitoxantrone
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014