The Effect of Final Exam Preparation on Anxiety Level, Self-Perception, Ocular Symptoms, Accommodation and Vergence in Myopia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Southern California College of Optometry Identifier:
First received: November 27, 2006
Last updated: November 28, 2006
Last verified: May 2004

To evaluate the effects of exam preparation on anxiety level, self perception, ocular symptoms and oculomotor responses in myopes


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Longitudinal

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Southern California College of Optometry:

Estimated Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: December 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2006
Detailed Description:

Twenty two first year optometry students were evaluated towards the end of their first academic year on a battery of Oculomotor and Survey tests. This occurred during two sessions, one Low Stress session and one High Stress session. Sessions were separated by one month.

Low Stress Session (LS), No Exams or Minor Exams High Stress Session (HS), Final Exam Preparation week

Battery of Surveys:

Adult Manifest Anxiety Scale for College Students (AMAS-C):

36 items which probe 4 types of anxiety

  • Worry/Oversensitivity
  • Test Anxiety
  • Physiological Anxiety (Somatic responses to anxiety)
  • Social Concerns

Self Perception Profile (SPP):

45 items which probe 9 domains

  • Scholastic Competence
  • Social Acceptance
  • Athletic Competence
  • Physical Appearance
  • Job Competence
  • Romantic Appeal
  • Behavioral Conduct
  • Close Friendship
  • Global Self-worth

CI Symptom Survey (CISS-15):

15 items which probe ocular and aesthenopic signs and symptoms

Students also reported Hours of daily near work (NWhrs).

Battery of Oculomotor Tests:

(20/30 ETDRS target used for all) Vergence Tests

  • Phorias Near and Far (Neutralized Alternate Cover Test)
  • Vergence Ranges Near and Far (Prism Bar)
  • Vergence Facility Near and Far (3BI/12BO)
  • Near Point of Convergence

Objective Accommodative Tests (SRW-5000autorefractor)

Monocular Accommodative Responses to:

  • Near Target (33cm)
  • Minus Lens (-3D) while viewing distant (6m) target

Subjective Accommodative Tests:

Monocular Accommodative Responses to:

  • Donder’s Push Up Amplitude test
  • Near Accommodative Facility (+/-2.00, five practice trials)
  • Distant Accommodative Facility (plano/-2.00, five practice trials)

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 35 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any first year optometry student

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous Refractive surgery, amblyopia, strabismus, RGP wearer
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00405106

United States, California
Fullerton, California, United States, 92831
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southern California College of Optometry
Principal Investigator: Lynn Marran, OD PhD SCCO
  More Information

No publications provided Identifier: NCT00405106     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-4
Study First Received: November 27, 2006
Last Updated: November 28, 2006
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Southern California College of Optometry:
myopia progression

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Refractive Errors
Eye Diseases processed this record on September 18, 2014