Evaluating a Pediatric Asthma Management Education Program for Physicians

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00399984
First received: November 13, 2006
Last updated: June 11, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Inhaled corticosteroids taken on a daily basis have been proven to be the most effective treatment for children with persistent asthma. However, many pediatricians still do not prescribe daily corticosteroids to their asthmatic patients; this can lead to poor health outcomes among asthmatic children. This study will evaluate an interactive medical education program that focuses on improving pediatricians' asthma management skills and on encouraging increased corticosteroid use among their patients with asthma.


Condition Intervention
Asthma
Education, Medical
Behavioral: Asthma Education Program

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Official Title: Enhancing Pediatric Asthma Management

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in physician knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behavior [ Time Frame: 1-3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes in patient asthma outcomes (both measured on a yearly basis) [ Time Frame: 1-3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: April 2004
Study Completion Date: June 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Behavioral: Asthma Education Program
interactive seminars regarding daily inhaled corticosteroids
No Intervention: 2

Detailed Description:

Asthma is a common childhood disease that affects over 9 million children in the United States. In 1997, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) published a set of guidelines aimed at improving the quality of patient care for individuals with asthma. According to the guidelines, a daily dose of inhaled corticosteroids is considered the most effective treatment for the long-term control of asthma. Despite this recommendation, many pediatricians are not prescribing daily corticosteroids to asthmatic children who may benefit from this treatment.

Continuing medical education (CME) is viewed as the primary method of keeping health care providers informed of new research knowledge and the latest medical trends. While traditional CME programs have not been successful in changing physician behavior, an interactive program that offers skills development for implementing changes in the care and treatment of asthmatic patients may prove effective. The purpose of this study is to develop, implement, and evaluate an interactive asthma education program targeted towards pediatricians. Specifically, the study will determine the program's effectiveness at developing asthma management skills in pediatricians, including corticosteroid prescribing practices, and improving asthma-related outcomes among their pediatric patients.

In this 5-year study, pediatricians will be randomly assigned to either an asthma education intervention group or a control group. The intervention group will attend the enhanced asthma education seminar, and the control group will attend a traditional lecture about asthma. In Years 1 and 2, the intervention group will participate in a 2-hour focus group to discuss barriers to adopting the NHLBI asthma guidelines for daily corticosteroid therapy. A brief survey on this same topic will also be completed. During Year 2, physicians in the intervention group will attend at least 5 hours of educational seminars designed to improve adherence to the recommended guidelines. In Years 2 through 5, all physicians will complete yearly questionnaires to assess barriers to corticosteroid prescription methods. Parents of asthmatic patients treated by the pediatricians will take part in a 20-minute telephone survey each year, and study researchers will review the medical records of each child.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pediatricians must meet all of the following criteria:

    1. Graduate of a pediatric residency program in the United States
    2. In active medical practice for at least 4 half-day sessions, with 40% clinical effort in general pediatrics
    3. At least 54 children with asthma in their patient population
  • Parents of pediatric asthma patients must meet all of the following criteria:

    1. Parent or guardian of a pediatric patient that meets patient eligibility criteria
    2. Able to identify that the participating physician is the child's primary care pediatrician
    3. Provides most asthma management or is the adult who normally takes the child to the doctor
  • Pediatric patients must meet all of the following criteria:

    1. Older than 4 years of age (to decrease the likelihood that the child has bronchiolitis)
    2. Younger than 16 years of age (to ensure that during all 3 years of the evaluation part of the study, the child will be younger than 20 years of age)
    3. Diagnosis of asthma made by a physician using commonly accepted clinical criteria
    4. No other chronic disorders that have pulmonary complications (e.g., sickle cell disease, tuberculosis, acquired immune deficiency syndrome [AIDS], cystic fibrosis)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00399984

Locations
United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94118
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Cabana, MD, MPH University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00399984     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 437, R01HL070771, R01HL70771
Study First Received: November 13, 2006
Last Updated: June 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
Continuing Medical Education

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014