Evaluating a Pediatric Asthma Management Education Program for Physicians
Inhaled corticosteroids taken on a daily basis have been proven to be the most effective treatment for children with persistent asthma. However, many pediatricians still do not prescribe daily corticosteroids to their asthmatic patients; this can lead to poor health outcomes among asthmatic children. This study will evaluate an interactive medical education program that focuses on improving pediatricians' asthma management skills and on encouraging increased corticosteroid use among their patients with asthma.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
|Official Title:||Enhancing Pediatric Asthma Management|
- Changes in physician knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behavior [ Time Frame: 1-3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Changes in patient asthma outcomes (both measured on a yearly basis) [ Time Frame: 1-3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: Asthma Education Program
interactive seminars regarding daily inhaled corticosteroids
|No Intervention: 2|
Asthma is a common childhood disease that affects over 9 million children in the United States. In 1997, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) published a set of guidelines aimed at improving the quality of patient care for individuals with asthma. According to the guidelines, a daily dose of inhaled corticosteroids is considered the most effective treatment for the long-term control of asthma. Despite this recommendation, many pediatricians are not prescribing daily corticosteroids to asthmatic children who may benefit from this treatment.
Continuing medical education (CME) is viewed as the primary method of keeping health care providers informed of new research knowledge and the latest medical trends. While traditional CME programs have not been successful in changing physician behavior, an interactive program that offers skills development for implementing changes in the care and treatment of asthmatic patients may prove effective. The purpose of this study is to develop, implement, and evaluate an interactive asthma education program targeted towards pediatricians. Specifically, the study will determine the program's effectiveness at developing asthma management skills in pediatricians, including corticosteroid prescribing practices, and improving asthma-related outcomes among their pediatric patients.
In this 5-year study, pediatricians will be randomly assigned to either an asthma education intervention group or a control group. The intervention group will attend the enhanced asthma education seminar, and the control group will attend a traditional lecture about asthma. In Years 1 and 2, the intervention group will participate in a 2-hour focus group to discuss barriers to adopting the NHLBI asthma guidelines for daily corticosteroid therapy. A brief survey on this same topic will also be completed. During Year 2, physicians in the intervention group will attend at least 5 hours of educational seminars designed to improve adherence to the recommended guidelines. In Years 2 through 5, all physicians will complete yearly questionnaires to assess barriers to corticosteroid prescription methods. Parents of asthmatic patients treated by the pediatricians will take part in a 20-minute telephone survey each year, and study researchers will review the medical records of each child.
|United States, California|
|University of California, San Francisco|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94118|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael D. Cabana, MD, MPH||University of California, San Francisco|