TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio)
The purpose of this study is to investigate if electromagnetic radiation from TETRA handset can influence cognitive function and the well-being of healthy adults. Furthermore, the purpose is to provide any special information about the subjects which can cause the possible reactions.
Device: TETRA (at lowest carrier freq, std TDMA pulse at 17,6 Hz).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Assessment of Acute Changes in Cognitive Performance Arising From Exposure to TETRA Handset.|
- The primary analysis is the comparison
- of the placebo exposure (no radiation) and the TETRA signal
- The primary outcome for this analysis is the Trail Making B (time in seconds).
- Reaction Time (RTI), complex reaction and movement time
- Digit Span forward and backward
- 'Headache' and 'concentration difficulties' (VAS-scale)
|Study Start Date:||November 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2007|
TETRA is the term used to describe the technology known as Terrestrial Trunked Radio. It is the European standard digital mobile radio communication system. TETRA has primarily been developed to enable the deployment of secure, digital PMR (Professional Mobile Radio) services required by the public safety and emergency services (police, fire and paramedics). The TETRA system is specified to work within the VHF and UHF bands (150 MHz to 900 MHz) [Chadwick, 2003], and operates most often at frequencies around 400 MHz. The lower frequency means that TETRA is less vulnerable to interference, which is a vital aspect of communications for the emergency services. The system makes it possible to offer complete coverage for the emergency services. One of the TETRA features is that the signal is transmitted in bursts that repeat. The result is a power modulation of some of the RF signal at a frequency of 17,6 Hz (times pr. second) [NRPB, 2001]. This pulsing has led to concerns about its effect on health. Since this pulsing only occurs for transmission from TETRA handset and not from the base stations, most concerns is related to the health effect on the users of TETRA handset.
The aim is to asses whether exposure to TETRA handset can affect cognitive functions and high level brain functions such as learning and problem solving the volunteers will be tested by comparing performance with and without exposure. Sham exposure (no radiation from the handset) vs. TETRA signal (at the lowest carrier frequency, standard TDMA pulsing at 17,6 Hz and a selection of lengths of exposures at the realistic SAR value).
56 healthy males aged 25-50 year working within public safety and emergency services (police, fire and paramedics), is planned to be used in this study. Subjects must be identified as potential users of the TETRA system.
A climatic chamber at the Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University, is modified with absorbing lining to dampen reflections from the walls. The climatic chamber is modified to make it a screened room to prevent external RF fields, and to some extent low frequency fields, to enter the chamber. Except for cables to the keyboard and screen there are no other electromagnetic radiators in the chamber. The study will be double blinded as any noise (acoustic and electric) related to exposure will be the same and the person responsible for exposure and exposure assessment will not be able to see each other. The only investigator knowledgeable about the exposure will have no contact with subjects and staff doing measurement. This double blinding will continue until the basic statistical analyses have been conducted.
|Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Vennelyst Boulevard 6, Build. 1260|
|Aarhus C, Denmark, 8000|
|Principal Investigator:||Søren K. Kjærgaard, Ass.Prof.PhD||Institute of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Vennelyst Boulevard 6, Build. 1260|