Southern Methodist Alcohol Research Trial (SMART)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00374153
First received: September 6, 2006
Last updated: March 9, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to look at the effects of assessment, feedback and motivational interviewing on alcohol consumption among college drinkers.


Condition Intervention
Alcohol Consumption
Behavioral: Feedback
Behavioral: Motivational Interview with Feedback
Behavioral: Motivational Interview

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dismantling Motivational Interviewing and Feedback for College Drinkers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Drinks per week [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Peak BAC [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Alcohol Related Consequences (RAPI) [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Interpersonal Violence (CADRI) [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Readiness to Change (RTCQ) [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Protective Behaviors (PBQ) [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 363
Study Start Date: September 2006
Study Completion Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Online personal feedback report.
Behavioral: Feedback
Online personal feedback report
Experimental: 2
In-person Motivational Interview with personal feedback report
Behavioral: Motivational Interview with Feedback
In-person Motivational Interview with personal feedback report
Experimental: 3
In-person Motivational Interview only (without a personal feedback report)
Behavioral: Motivational Interview
In-person Motivational Interview only (without a personal feedback report)
No Intervention: 4
Assessment only
No Intervention: 5
Delayed Assessment

Detailed Description:

Excessive alcohol consumption has been a growing problem at many US colleges. In response, colleges and universities have instituted a range of alcohol intervention and prevention programs for students. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is one brief intervention that has been shown to reduce heavy drinking among college students. To date, all college studies of MI have used a format that includes an assessment and feedback delivered in an MI style. Although this format has considerable empirical support, it remains unclear which of the components is necessary to produce behavior change. This study will evaluate the separate and collective effects of MI and feedback among "binge" drinking college students. Additionally, this study will evaluate the effects of the initial drinking assessment, through including a delayed-assessment control group. After an initial screen, 350 students at Southern Methodist University who report at least one heavy (i.e., "binge") episode during the previous two weeks will be randomized to: (1) MI with feedback, (2) MI without feedback, (3) Mailed feedback only, (4) Assessment only, or (5) Delayed assessment only. MI sessions will be delivered by trained and supervised counselors. Participants will be assessed via a secure Internet site at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months (12 months only for the Delayed-assessment group), with primary outcome measures including self-reported quantity and frequency of drinking, and drinking-related problems. Since college drinking is associated with substantial negative effects for drinkers, as well as for others, the findings of this study may have significant public health implications in terms of reducing costs, and improving services for students who choose to drink.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be enrolled in Southern Methodist University.
  • Participants must report one "binge" episode (4 or more drinks in one setting for women, 5 or more drinks in one setting for men) in the past two weeks.
  • Participants must be at least 18 years old.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants will be excluded if they are not enrolled at Southern Methodist University.
  • Participants will be excluded if they do not report at least one "binge" episode in the past two weeks.
  • Participants will be excluded if they are less than 18 years old.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00374153

Locations
United States, Texas
Southern Methodist University
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75205
University of Texas School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Scott T Walters, PhD University of Texas School of Public Health
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Scott T. Walters, PhD, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00374153     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HSC-SPH-06-0310, NIAAA, 1 R01 AA016005-01
Study First Received: September 6, 2006
Last Updated: March 9, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:
Alcohol
Drinking
College
Motivational
Feedback
Assessment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking Behavior

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014