Combination Chemotherapy and Total-Body Irradiation Before Donor Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant in Treating Patients With Advanced Hematologic Cancer, Metastatic Breast Cancer, or Kidney Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00365287
First received: August 16, 2006
Last updated: October 9, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Giving low doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy before a donor umbilical cord blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also stops the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells when they do not exactly match the patient's blood. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune system and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving antithymocyte globulin before transplant and cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil after transplant may stop this from happening.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of giving combination chemotherapy together with total-body irradiation before donor umbilical cord blood transplant and to see how well they work in treating patients with advanced hematologic cancer, metastatic breast cancer, or kidney cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Drug: anti-thymocyte globulin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cyclosporine
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Procedure: radiation therapy
Procedure: umbilical cord blood transplantation
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Transplantation of Umbilical Cord Blood From Unrelated Donors in Patients With Hematological Diseases Using a Non-Myeloablative Preparative Regimen

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety as assessed by a non-relapse mortality < 30% within day 100 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Hematopoietic recovery and the degree of chimerism at days 21, 60, 100, 180, and 360 after study completion [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 148
Study Start Date: June 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2005
Primary Completion Date: December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the safety of nonmyeloablative preparative regimen comprising cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and total-body irradiation with or without anti-thymocyte globulin, in terms of non-relapse mortality at day 100 post-transplantation, in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies, metastatic breast cancer, or renal cell cancer who are undergoing umbilical cord blood transplantation from an unrelated donor.

Secondary

  • Determine the hematopoietic recovery and degree of chimerism on days 21, 60, 100, 180, and 360 post-transplantation.
  • Determine the incidence of grade II-IV and III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) by day 100 post-transplantation and chronic GVHD at 1 year post-transplantation.
  • Evaluate the risk of relapse at 1 year post-transplantation.
  • Determine overall survival at 1 year post-transplantation.

OUTLINE:

  • Nonmyeloablative preparative regimen: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on day -6 and fludarabine IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -2. Patients also undergo total-body irradiation on day -1. Some patients* may also receive anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) IV twice daily on days -6 to -4.

NOTE: *Patients who have not had prior combination chemotherapy within the past 3 months OR who only received 1 prior induction course for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis receive ATG during the preparative regimen.

  • Umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT): Patients undergo UCBT from an unrelated donor on day 0.
  • Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis: Patients receive cyclosporine IV over 2 hours or orally 2-3 times daily beginning on day -3 and continuing until day 100 followed by a taper until day 180. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV or orally twice daily beginning on day -3 and continuing until day 30 or until 7 days after engraftment.

After transplantation, patients are followed periodically for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 120 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 69 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), meeting 1 of the following criteria:

      • In first complete remission (CR1) by morphology AND at high risk, as evidenced by 1 of the following:

        • AML secondary to myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
        • High-risk cytogenetics, such as those associated with MDS or complex karyotype
        • More than 2 courses of therap were required to obtain a CR
      • In second or greater CR by morphology
      • In morphologic relapse or persistent disease, defined as > 5% blasts in normocellular bone marrow OR any percentage of blasts if blasts have unique morphologic markers (e.g., auer rods)
      • In cytogenetic relapse (without morphologic relapse)
    • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), meeting 1 of the following criteria:

      • In CR1 by morphology AND at high risk, as evidenced by 1 of the following:

        • High-risk cytogenetics, such as t(9;22), t(1;19), t(4;11), or other MLL rearrangements
        • More than 1 course of therapy was required to obtain a CR
      • In second or greater CR by morphology
      • In morphologic relapse or persistent disease as defined for AML
      • In cytogenetic relapse (without morphologic relapse)
    • Chronic myelogenous leukemia

      • All types allowed except refractory blast crisis
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)

      • No intermediate- or high-grade NHL or mantle cell NHL that is progressive on salvage therapy
      • Stable disease allowed provided it is non-bulky
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma

      • No progressive disease on salvage therapy
      • Stable disease allowed provided it is non-bulky
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
    • Multiple myeloma
    • MDS

      • Any subtype allowed, including refractory anemia if there is severe pancytopenia or complex cytogenetics
      • Less than 5% blasts

        • If patient has blasts ≥ 5% then they must undergo induction therapy before transplantation
    • Metastatic breast cancer

      • Disease must have responded to recent chemotherapy OR in plateau after response to chemotherapy
    • Renal cell cancer
    • Acquired bone marrow failure syndromes
  • Small percentage of blasts that is equivocal between marrow regeneration vs early relapse allowed provided there are no associated cytogenetic markers consistent with relapse (for patients with AML or ALL)
  • Must have a 4/6 HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 matched unrelated umbilical cord blood donor available

    • No 5/6 or 6/6 HLA-A , -B, and -DRB1 matched sibling donor available
    • No more than 2 antigen mismatches at the HLA-A, -B, or -DRB1 loci NOTE: A new classification scheme for adult non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has been adopted by PDQ. The terminology of "indolent" or "aggressive" lymphoma will replace the former terminology of "low", "intermediate", or "high" grade lymphoma. However, this protocol uses the former terminology.

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Karnofsky performance status 60-100% OR Lansky performance status 50-100% (pediatric patients)
  • Albumin > 2.5 g/dL
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL (adults) OR creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min (pediatric patients)

    • Adults with creatinine > 1.2 mg/dL or a history of renal dysfunction must have a creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min
  • Transaminases < 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin < 3 times ULN
  • LVEF ≥ 35%
  • DLCO > 30% of predicted
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No evidence of HIV infection or known HIV-positivity
  • No decompensated congestive heart failure
  • No uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • No requirement for supplemental oxygen
  • No active, serious infection

    • Recent mold infection (e.g., Aspergillus) allowed provided patient has received ≥ 30 days of appropriate treatment AND infection is controlled and cleared by an infectious disease specialist

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • No prior irradiation that precludes the safe administration of 1 additional dose of 200 cGy of total-body irradiation
  • At least 3 months since prior myeloablative bone marrow transplantation
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00365287

Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Investigators
Study Chair: Claudio G. Brunstein, MD, PhD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
  More Information

No publications provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00365287     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2000LS039, MT2000-15
Study First Received: August 16, 2006
Last Updated: October 9, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent renal cell cancer
stage III renal cell cancer
stage IV renal cell cancer
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent/refractory childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage IV chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
refractory anemia
adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Syndrome
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Plasmacytoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Lymphatic Diseases
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 16, 2014