Diagnostic Performance of Screening Tests for Cushing's Syndrome
This study will test the accuracy of screening tests for Cushing's syndrome in overweight people with signs of the disorder. Cushing's syndrome is a rare disorder caused by excess production of the hormone cortisol. Patients may have various problems, such as weight gain, high blood pressure, diabetes, infections, mood problems, trouble concentrating, and increased blood clotting. These symptoms are seen in many other disorders as well, complicating the diagnosis. The reliability of tests currently used to diagnose Cushing's syndrome is not known. To test their accuracy, subjects in this study who test positive for Cushing's syndrome will be evaluated at NIH for 2 years to either confirm or refute the laboratory results.
Patients between 18 and 75 years of age who are being treated at the George Washington University Weight Management Program (GWUWMP) may participate in this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, measurement of body fat, blood tests, and oral glucose tolerance test. They will also complete a symptoms checklist and quality of life questionnaire.
Participants will be tested for Cushing's syndrome with a saliva collection, 24-hour urine collection, and dexamethasone suppression test (DST). For the DST they will take 1 mg of dexamethasone at night and report to GWUWMP the next morning for a blood draw. All specimens-blood, saliva, and urine-will be tested for cortisol levels.
People whose test results are abnormal will be seen at the NIH outpatient clinic for a medical history, physical examination, and blood tests; bedtime saliva collection; two 24-hour urine collections; and a 2-day 2-mg DST, followed by administration of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). CRH is a naturally occurring hormone that causes cortisol levels to rise. Pre-treatment with dexamethasone prevents CRH from causing an increase in cortisol in healthy people, but not in patients with Cushing's syndrome. For the 2-day DST, the subject takes 0.5 mg dexamethasone every 6 hours for eight doses. Two hours after the last dose, CRH is injected through a catheter (thin plastic tube) inserted into an arm vein. Blood is drawn just before giving CRH to measure dexamethasone and cortisol levels and after giving CRH to measure cortisol levels.
People whose test results are normal will not be seen further at NIH. Those with high cortisol levels will have repeat urine and saliva tests every 2 to 8 weeks for up to 24 months, and a 1-mg DST every 3 months during routine clinic visits at GWUWMP. People whose increased cortisol is found to be due to another condition besides Cushing's syndrome will be referred for evaluation and possible treatment. Those diagnosed with Cushing's syndrome will have standard tests to identify the tumor causing the disorder, followed by standard medical and surgical treatment.
|Official Title:||The Diagnostic Performance of Screening Tests for the Diagnosis of Cushing's Syndrome|
|Study Start Date:||September 2002|
Cushing's syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by a variety of clinical signs and symptoms that reflect chronic exposure to hypercortisolism such as obesity, hypertension, glucose intolerance, infections, psychiatric disturbance, impaired cognition and hypercoagulability. Thus, it is important to screen for this treatable disorder so as to prevent its associated morbidity and mortality. Because many of the signs of Cushing's syndrome are common in the general population, information about the cost-effectiveness and diagnostic efficiency of various screening tests would be useful.
This study will evaluate the diagnostic performance of various screening tests for Cushing's syndrome in overweight patients recruited from a weight loss center who have additional signs of the disorder. Patients with abnormal tests will be seen as outpatients at the NIH for further evaluation for up to two years to confirm or refute the possibility that they have Cushing's syndrome. Patients with the disorder will be treated.
|United States, District of Columbia|
|GW University Medical Center GW Hospital Center|
|Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Lynnette K Nieman, M.D.||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|