Omega-3 Fatty Acid Treatment in Multiple Sclerosis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
The Multiple Sclerosis National Competence Centre
The Norwegian Multiple sclerosis Society
Pronova BioPharma
Serono Nordic
Amersham Health
Information provided by:
Haukeland University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00360906
First received: August 4, 2006
Last updated: NA
Last verified: August 2006
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Based on previous clinical studies indicating beneficial treatment effects of omega-3 fatty acids in multiple sclerosis, and the increasing evidence of anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 fatty acids, this study aims to evaluate treatment effects of concentrated omega-3 fatty acids (Triomar™) in MS, both as monotherapy and in combination with standard immunomodulatory therapy defined as interferon-beta 1a (Rebif™).


Condition Intervention Phase
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Drug: Triomar™ (omega-3 fatty acids)
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Omega-3 Fatty Acid Treatment in Multiple Sclerosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Haukeland University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MRI disease activity measured by the number of new T1-enhancing lesions during the six months of treatment.
  • MRI disease activity measured by the number of new T1-hypo-intensive lesions (black holes) after 24 months of treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • MRI disease activity measured by the number of new T1-enhancing lesions during the first 9 months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • Brain atrophy measured by total MRI brain volume at month 6 and month 24
  • The number of relapses during the first six months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • The increase in disability as measured by Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) during the first six months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • Changes in the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) score during the first six months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • MRI disease activity as measured by the number of new or enlarging T2 lesions and enhancing T1 lesions during the first six months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • Changes in serum concentrations of mono-unsaturated fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, omega-3- and omega-6 fatty acids during the study.
  • Changes in immune responses during the first six months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • The occurrence of adverse events during the first six months and the whole study period of 24 months.
  • The occurrence of adverse events during the first three months of interferon-beta 1a (Rebif®) treatment.
  • The occurrence of neutralising antibodies against interferon-beta 1a (Rebif®) during the study.

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: December 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2008
Detailed Description:

Patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with evidence of disease activity defined as at least one relapse or at least one new MRI lesion during the year prior to inclusion will be included in the study.

Eligible patients will be randomised for daily treatment with either oral omega-3 fatty acid (Triomar™) or placebo. After six months all patients will in addition receive interferon-beta 1a (Rebif™) 44 mcg subcutaneous three times per week for another 18 months.

The patients will undergo monthly contrast enhanced MRI for the first nine months and thereafter at months 12 and 24. They will also be examined by clinical and laboratory tests at six months intervals in addition to month 9 (3 months after start of IFNB treatment). Fatigue and QoL registration will be performed at baseline and at months 6, 12 and 24. Tests for circulating neutralising antibodies against interferon-beta will be performed during the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

A patient may be included if he/she;

  • Is aged between 18 and 55 years (both included).
  • Has multiple sclerosis according to the McDonald criteria (McDonald 2001)
  • Has a stable disease during the last month period prior to inclusion, and a disability equivalent to EDSS of 5.5 or less (Kurtzke 1983).
  • Has shown disease activity defined as at least one relapse or at least one new MRI lesion (T1 enhancing or T2 lesion – ref. McDonald criteria) during the year prior to inclusion.
  • Is prepared to and considered able to follow the protocol and to attend the planned visits during the whole study period.
  • Is using adequate contraceptive methods and has negative pregnancy test results (female of childbearing potential must).
  • Has given written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

A patient has to be excluded if he/she;

  • Has received continuous for more than one-week treatment with unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3) within 3 months prior to inclusion in the study.
  • Has an active RRMS disease that would strongly be recommended for standard immunomodulatory treatment by the treating neurologist.
  • Has received treatment with interferon-beta or glatiramer acetate within 6 months prior to inclusion in the study.
  • Has received treatment with lymphoid irradiation, mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide or long-term glucocorticoids.
  • Has received treatment with azathioprine, cyclosporine or other immunosuppressive agents within the year prior to inclusion in the study.
  • Has received treatment with glucocorticoids or ACTH within two month prior to inclusion in the study.
  • Has experienced a relapse within one month prior to the inclusion in the study.
  • Has converted to secondary progressive MS.
  • Has suffered from major depression or any other psychiatric disorder that would preclude safe participation in the protocol.
  • Has diabetes mellitus.
  • Has alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Has cardiac insufficiency, cardiomyopathy, significant cardiac dysrhythmia, unstable or advanced ischemic heart disease (NYHA III or IV), or malignant hypertension.
  • Has renal insufficiency.
  • Has ASAT or ALAT > 2,5 x normal upper limit.
  • Has leukopenia < 2500 leukocytes per µl or thrombocytopenia <100 000 thrombocytes per µl.
  • Has any systemic disease, which can influence his/her safety and compliance, or the evaluation of the disability.
  • Has thromboembolic disease that needs anticoagulative treatment.
  • Have formerly shown severe reactions against study drug, interferon-beta or gadolinium (MRI contrast).
  • Is breastfeeding or is pregnant.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00360906

Locations
Norway
Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital
Bergen, Norway, N-5021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Haukeland University Hospital
The Multiple Sclerosis National Competence Centre
The Norwegian Multiple sclerosis Society
Pronova BioPharma
Serono Nordic
Amersham Health
Investigators
Study Chair: Kjell-Morten Myhr, MD, PhD Dep. of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Antonie G. Beiske, MD Dep. of Neurology, Akershus University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Harald Hovdal, MD Dep. of Neurology, Trondheim University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Rune Midgard, MD, PhD Dep. of Neurology, Molde Hospital
Principal Investigator: Ingrid K. Bjørnå, MD Dep. of Neurology, Buskerud Hospital
Principal Investigator: Olaf A. Henriksen, MD Dep. of Neurology Nordland Hospital
Principal Investigator: Jan Schepel, MD Dep. of Neurology Haugesund Hospital
Principal Investigator: Randi Eikeland, MD Dep. of Neurology Arendal Hospital
Principal Investigator: Terje Kristensen, MD Dep. of Neurology Fredrikstad Hospital
Principal Investigator: Halfdan Kierulf, MD Dep. of Neurology Rikshospitalet University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Frøydis Dalane, MD Dep. of Neurology, Telemark Hospital
Principal Investigator: Alla Bru, MD Dep. of Neurology, Stavanger University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Grethe Kleveland, MD Dep. of Neurology, Lillehammer Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00360906     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NSD-10842, OFAMS, REK VEST, 005.04
Study First Received: August 4, 2006
Last Updated: August 4, 2006
Health Authority: Norway: Norwegian Medicines Agency

Keywords provided by Haukeland University Hospital:
RRMS
Omega-3
Treatment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014