Safety and Efficacy Study of Phenoptin in Subjects With Hyperphenylalaninemia Due to BH4 Deficiency
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability of Phenoptin to control blood phenylalanine levels in subjects who have hyperphenylalaninemia due to a primary BH4 deficiency and to evaluate the safety of Phenoptin in this population.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase 2, Multicenter, Open Label Study of Phenoptin in Subjects With Hyperphenylalaninemia Due to Primary BH4 Deficiency|
- control of blood phenylalanine levels, as measured by the proportion of subjects [ Time Frame: every other week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- whose blood Phe level at Week 10 is < 360 mmol/L; [ Time Frame: week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- the mean blood Phe level at Week 10 among all subjects. [ Time Frame: week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Within 4 weeks of completing screening assessments to determine eligibility, subjects will be enrolled in the study. The study will be conducted in two parts.
Part 1: After screening, all subjects will be followed for two weeks without modification of their baseline medical or dietary care.
Part 2: Beginning at Week 2, subjects who were receiving non-registered formulations of BH4 at enrollment will suspend this treatment and within one day will start Phenoptin at approximately the same dose of the non-registered BH4 formulation. Subjects not receiving BH4 at enrollment will begin treatment with Phenoptin at approximately 5 mg/kg/day, given orally, prior to meals.
At the discretion of the Investigator, the Phenoptin dose may be adjusted up or down at the Week 6 visit to control blood Phe levels (<360 mmol/L), or to optimize the clinical effect. The maximum dose allowed will be approximately 20 mg/kg/day. All subjects will receive Phenoptin for a total of 8 weeks. Subjects will be instructed to continue their usual diet without modification. Study visits will occur every other week.
Tyrosine, biopterin and neopterin will be analyzed at the following visits: Week 0 (enrollment), Week 2 (prior to dosing with Phenoptin), Week 8 (after 6 weeks of treatment with Phenoptin) and Week 10 (after 8 weeks of treatment with Phenoptin).During each visit, blood Phe level will be measured (2.5-5 hours after a meal), and safety evaluations will be performed. Safety will be assessed by monitoring adverse events and vital signs, performing physical examinations, assessing signs and symptoms of primary BH4 deficiency (i.e., neurological symptoms such as seizures, changes in muscle tone, weakness, etc.) and clinical laboratory tests (chemistry, hematology and urinalysis).
Extension: Upon completion of 8 weeks of treatment (i.e., at the Week 10 visit), subjects will be offered the option to continue treatment with Phenoptin in an extension of this study. Participation in the study extension will continue until one of the following occurs:
- the subject withdraws consent and discontinues from the study,
- the subject is discontinued from the study at the discretion of the investigator,
- the study drug is available through the appropriate marketing approval, or
- the study is terminated. During the extension period, study drug will be dispensed to subjects monthly, and study visits will be required every 3 months. The Phenoptin dose may be adjusted at any visit during the study extension at the discretion of the Investigator. The maximum dose allowed will be approximately 20 mg/kg/day.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00355264
|United States, California|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|United States, Illinois|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614|
|United States, Minnesota|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455|
|United States, New York|
|New York, New York, United States, 10029|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599|
|United States, Oregon|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239|
|United States, Utah|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132|
|United States, Washington|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195|
|United States, Wisconsin|
|Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705|