Safety and Efficacy Study of Erythropoietin as add-on Therapy of Methylprednisolone to Treat Acute Optic Neuritis
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of erythropoietin as an add-on therapy to methylprednisolone in subjects with acute autoimmune optic neuritis.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Erythropoietin as an add-on Therapy of Methylprednisolone in Subjects With Acute Optic Neuritis (VISION PROTECT)|
- nerve fiber loss in the optical nerve head determined by optical coherence tomography at weeks 4,8 and 16 compared to baseline. Measurements at baseline and week 16 are used to calculate estimates for changes and differences between the groups. [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Visual acuity and visual field perception determined at weeks 1, 4, 8, 16 compared to baseline (week 0). MRI measurements of optic nerve atrophy performed at weeks 4, 8 and 16 compared to baseline (week 0) [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1
intravenous daily 3.3 *10^4 Units, duration 3 days
Other Name: Erypo®
No Intervention: 2
SUMMARY This study is a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study to determine the safety and efficacy of erythropoietin (Epo) as an add-on therapy to methylprednisolone (Mpred) in subjects with acute autoimmune optic neuritis.
The primary study endpoint is nerve fiber loss in the optical nerve head determined by optical coherence tomography at weeks 4, 8, and 16 compared to baseline.
Further study objectives include visual acuity, visual field perception, optic nerve atrophy determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and recovery of visual evoked potentials (VEPs).
A number of 40 subjects will be randomized in equal numbers into one of the two treatment groups.
Epo or placebo will be administered i.v. at three consecutive days. Epo or placebo is to be given once daily following application of Mpred preferably between 8 and 10 a.m..
Subjects will be randomized to one of the following two treatment groups and dosed as follows:
- Mpred at a dose of 1000 mg per day on days 1 - 3 given as an i.v. infusion AND 3.3 x 10^4 IU recombinant human Epo per day on days 1- 3 given as an i.v. bolus injection.
- Mpred at a dose of 1000 mg per day on days 1 - 3 given as an i.v. infusion AND placebo (normal saline) on days 1 - 3 given as an i.v. bolus injection.
Men and women between the ages of 18 and 50, inclusive, diagnosed with acute unilateral optic neuritis with or without prior diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (according to McDonald criteria; Polman et al., 2005) will be considered for inclusion into the study. Those subjects must have a decreased visual acuity on the affected eye to 0.5 or less and must have signed written informed consent. While safety will be monitored during the study, an efficacy evaluation will be done after all subjects have completed week 16.
Each subject included in the study will be seen by a treating neurologist and an examining neurologist as well as by an examining ophthalmologist. The treating neurologist will function as the primary treating physician and conduct all subject safety assessments. The examining ophthalmologist and the examining neurologist will conduct all evaluations of vision/optical nerve head atrophy and neurological symptoms, respectively, but will not be involved in any other aspect of patient care. A neurophysiologist will perform measurements of VEPs. MRIs will be performed by a neuroradiologist.
|Department of Neurology University Hospital Goettingen|
|Goettingen, Niedersachsen, Germany, 37075|
|Department of Neurology University Homborg Hospital of the Saarland, Germany|
|Homburg, Saarland, Germany, 66421|
|University Hospital of Hamburg-Eppendorf (Institut of Neuroimmunology and Clinical MS Research (INIMS))|
|Hamburg, Germany, 20246|
|Study Director:||Ricarda Diem, MD Prof.||Department of Neurology University Homborg Hospital of the Saarland, Germany|