Cyclophosphamide and Rituximab Followed By Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Vaccines may help the body build an effective immune response to kill cancer cells. Giving cyclophosphamide and rituximab together with vaccine therapy may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying cyclophosphamide and rituximab followed by two different schedules of vaccine therapy to compare how well they work in treating patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Randomized Trial of Early Versus Late Vaccination in Patients With High Risk CLL|
- Efficacy and toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- T-cell response to early versus late vaccine therapy comprising KGEL and autologous tumor cells [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine the efficacy and toxicity of cyclophosphamide and rituximab in patients with previously untreated, high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
- Determine, preliminarily, the efficacy and toxicity of early vs delayed administration of vaccine therapy comprising KGEL and autologous tumor cells after cyclophosphamide and rituximab in these patients.
- Compare the magnitude of the T-cell response to early vs delayed administration of this vaccine after rituximab and cyclophosphamide and correlate these responses with the extent of immune reconstruction.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized phase II study for patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic, untreated CLL with poor-risk features.
Patients undergo peripheral blood collection for vaccine production. Patients then receive rituximab IV over at least 4 hours on days 1 and 2 in course 1 and on day 1 only in subsequent courses and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment with rituximab and cyclophosphamide repeats every 21 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression. Patients undergo evaluation 4 weeks after completion of rituximab and cyclophosphamide. Patients achieving partial or complete response are randomized to 1 of 2 vaccine treatment arms.
- Arm I (early administration): Beginning 2 weeks after evaluation, patients receive vaccine therapy comprising an autologous tumor admixed with an allogeneic vaccine (KGEL) that produces sargramostim (GM-CSF) and autologous tumor cells intradermally. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
- Arm II (late administration): Beginning 20 weeks after evaluation, patients receive vaccine therapy comprising KGEL and autologous tumor cells intradermally. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months until disease progression.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.
|United States, Maryland|
|Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410|
|Study Chair:||Yvette L. Kasamon, MD||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center|