Costa Rican Natural History Study of HPV and Cervical Neoplasia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00342173
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

A population-based study was initiated in Costa Rica in June 1993 to investigate the natural history of human papillomaviruses (HPV) and cervical neoplasia. Over a period of 18 months, ending in December 1994, 10,080 women were recruited into our study, after informed consent was obtained. At the initial recruitment visit, all women were administered a brief risk factor questionnaire, had 15ml of blood collected and, if sexually active, were given a pelvic examination. At the time of the pelvic examination, a Pap smear was collected, as were additional cervical cells which were then used for additional monolayer smears (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Pictures of the cervix, known as cervigrams, were also taken as a third screening test. Based on these screening tests, women were referred to colposcopy, at which time a more detailed risk factor questionnaire was administered, additional cervical cells and blood (15ml) were collected, and histological specimens were obtained, if indicated by the colposcopy. Women diagnosed with a high-grade cervical lesion (HSIL) or cervical cancer were treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.

Women without evidence of HSIL or cancer at enrollment comprise the group of subjects who have been followed as part of our longitudinal study. Three distinct groups of women of approximately equal size (about 3,000 women each) exist within our longitudinal cohort. The first group consists of women who at enrollment had evidence of low-grade cervical lesions (LSIL) or equivocal lesions and a sample of the remaining cohort members. This group is being followed actively at 6-12 month intervals through their seventh anniversary in the cohort. The second group consists of women who were cytologically normal at enrollment but randomly selected for active follow-up. This second group will be seen once after enrollment, at their fifth anniversary in the cohort. Women in this group with evidence of LSIL at the fifth anniversary visit will be added to the first group described above and followed at 6-month intervals. The final group consists of the remaining women in our cohort (all cytologically normal at enrollment). These women are being followed passively via linkage to the cytology and tumor registries in Cost Rica.

Clinical visits conducted during follow-up consist of a brief personal interview that collects information on exposures since enrollment, the collection of 15ml blood, and a pelvic examination. Pap smear is prepared during the pelvic examination, and additional cervical specimens are collected and used to prepare a monolayer smear (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Similar to the enrollment visit, cervigrams are also collected from each participant at the time of their follow-up visits.

During follow-up, women with any evidence of progression to HSIL or cancer (by Pap smear, ThinPrep, cervicography, or by visual inspection) are referred to colposcopy, censored from the study, and treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.


Condition
HPV
Cervical Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Costa Rican Natural History Study of HPV and Cervical Neoplasia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 12000
Study Start Date: May 1999
Detailed Description:

A population-based study was initiated in Costa Rica in June 1993 to investigate the natural history of human papillomaviruses (HPV) and cervical neoplasia. Over a period of 18 months, ending in December 1994, 10,080 women were recruited into our study, after informed consent was obtained. At the initial recruitment visit, all women were administered a brief risk factor questionnaire, had 15ml of blood collected and, if sexually active, were given a pelvic examination. At the time of the pelvic examination, a Pap smear was collected, as were additional cervical cells which were then used for additional monolayer smears (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Pictures of the cervix, known as cervigrams, were also taken as a third screening test. Based on these screening tests, women were referred to colposcopy, at which time a more detailed risk factor questionnaire was administered, additional cervical cells and blood (15ml) were collected, and histological specimens were obtained, if indicated by the colposcopy. Women diagnosed with a high-grade cervical lesion (HSIL) or cervical cancers were treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.

Women without evidence of HSIL or cancer at enrollment comprise the group of subjects who were followed as part of our longitudinal study. Three distinct groups of women of approximately equal size (about 3,000 women each) exist within our longitudinal cohort. The first group consists of women who at enrollment had evidence of low-grade cervical lesions (LSIL) or equivocal lesions and a sample of the remaining cohort members. This group was followed actively at 6-12 month intervals through their seventh anniversary in the cohort. The second group consists of women who were cytologically normal at enrollment but randomly selected for active follow-up. This second group was seen once after enrollment, close to fifth anniversary in the cohort. Women in this group with evidence of LSIL at the fifth anniversary visit were added to the first group described above and followed at 6-month intervals. The final group consists of the remaining women in our cohort (all cytologically normal at enrollment). These women were followed passively via linkage to the cytology and tumor registries in Costa Rica.

Clinical visits conducted during follow-up consisted of a brief personal interview that collects information on exposures since enrollment, the collection of 15ml blood, and a pelvic examination. A Pap smear was prepared during the pelvic examination, and additional cervical specimens were collected and used to prepare a monolayer smear (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Similar to the enrollment visit, cervigrams were also collected from each participant at the time of their follow-up visits.

During follow-up, women with any evidence of progression to HSIL or cancer (by Pap smear, ThinPrep, cervicography, or by visual inspection) were referred to colposcopy, censored from the study, and treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR FOLLOW-UP PHASE OF NATURAL HISTORY STUDY:

Less than 35 years of age.

Intact uterus (non-hysterectomized).

In good general health.

Non-pregnant.

For women not using OCs: Having regular cycles [cycles 25-35 days in length].

HPV16 seropositive [based on data from latest visit tested].

No evidence of HSIL/cancer [based on data from latest visit within cohort].

Willing to participate [informed consent].

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR FOLLOW-UP PHASE OF COHORT STUDY:

Must be between the ages of 45 to 70 years.

Women who do not have a final diagnosis of HSIL.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00342173

Locations
Costa Rica
Costa Rican Social Security Administration
Tres Rios, Costa Rica
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Allan Hildesheim, Ph.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00342173     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999999030, OH99-C-N030
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Epidemiology
Cancer
Environment
Genetics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014