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Pesticide Exposure and Health Status in North Carolina African American Male Farmers and Farm Workers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00341965
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: November 5, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

We propose to conduct a study to increase our understanding of farming practices and of the potential for previous exposure to DDT in North Carolina African American male agricultural workers, a group especially likely to have had high DDT exposure. Because of potentially widespread DDT exposure from agricultural activities, African American farmers and farm workers may be uniquely at risk for any associated health effects. However, little is known about levels of pesticide exposure in African American farming populations. Three hundred and eighty-nine African American men who are current or former farmers or farm workers will be asked to participate in the study. These men are members of the Supplemental Minority Cohort of the NCI/NIEHS/EPA Agricultural Health Study (AHS). The AHS is a prospective study of the potential health effects associated with agricultural exposures. Men in the supplemental cohort were recruited in 1996. At that time, they completed an enrollment questionnaire that focused on lifetime agricultural exposures, demographics, lifestyle factors and health. In this new study, a follow-up questionnaire will be administered by telephone by a trained interviewer to all men. Following the interview, the participant will be asked to donate a blood specimen, to have anthropometric indices (e.g., height, weight, waist and hip circumference, etc.) measured, and to have a top- and side view Polaroid photograph of their head taken during one visit to a central community location, such as the local church or health clinic. We will quantitatively document serum p,p'-DDE levels, correlate these with self-reported farming activities and DDT exposure, and describe the health status of these men. We will also correlate serum p,p'-DDE levels and androgen concentrations, since p,p'-DDE is thought to be a potent androgen receptor antagonist. This exploration of the potential link between levels is important because the demonstration of any subclinical physiological effects of p,p'-DDE would increase the plausibility of a wide range of health effects that have been postulated to be associated with the endogenous endocrine environment and the so-called endocrine disrupters. In addition, we will evaluate the relationship between several important physiological parameters which can be easily and accurately measured in serum, and physical characteristics including hair patterning and distribution of body fat in these African American men.


Condition
Pesticide Exposure

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Pesticide Exposure and Health Status in NC African American Male Farmers and Farm Workers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 389
Study Start Date: January 1999
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2013
Detailed Description:

We propose to conduct a study to increase our understanding of farming practices and of the potential for previous exposure to DDT in North Carolina African American male agricultural workers, a group especially likely to have had high DDT exposure. Because of potentially widespread DDT exposure from agricultural activities, African American farmers and farm workers may be uniquely at risk for any associated health effects. However, little is known about levels of pesticide exposure in African American farming populations. Three hundred and eighty-nine African American men who are current or former farmers or farm workers will be asked to participate in the study. These men are members of the Supplemental Minority Cohort of the NCI/NIEHS/EPA Agricultural Health Study (AHS). The AHS is a prospective study of the potential health effects associated with agricultural exposures. Men in the supplemental cohort were recruited in 1996. At that time, they completed an enrollment questionnaire that focused on lifetime agricultural exposures, demographics, lifestyle factors and health. In this new study, a follow-up questionnaire will be administered by telephone by a trained interviewer to all men. Following the interview, the participant will be asked to donate a blood specimen, to have anthropometric indices (e.g., height, weight, waist and hip circumference, etc.) measured, and to have a top- and side view Polaroid photograph of their head taken during one visit to a central community location, such as the local church or health clinic. We will quantitatively document serum p,p'-DDE levels, correlate these with self-reported farming activities and DDT exposure, and describe the health status of these men. We will also correlate serum p,p'-DDE levels and androgen concentrations, since p,p'-DDE is thought to be a potent androgen receptor antagonist. This exploration of the potential link between levels is important because the demonstration of any subclinical physiological effects of p,p'-DDE would increase the plausibility of a wide range of health effects that have been postulated to be associated with the endogenous endocrine environment and the so-called endocrine disrupters. In addition, we will evaluate the relationship between several important physiological parameters which can be easily and accurately measured in serum, and physical characteristics including hair patterning and distribution of body fat in these African American men.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

All African American men who are members of the Supplemental Minority Cohort of the NCI/NIEHS/EPA Agricultural Health Study will be recontacted and asked to participate in the study.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

We are limiting this initial study to adult African American males.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00341965

Locations
United States, North Carolina
NIEHS, Research Triangle Park
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States, 27709
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dale Sandler, Ph.D. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00341965     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999999006, OH99-E-N006
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: November 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
DDT
DDE
Androgen Levels
Farming
Antiandrogen

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014