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Environmental Factors in the Development of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00341731
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: November 25, 2009
Last verified: October 2008
  Purpose

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is manifested as a heterogeneous mixture of clinical and bichemical characteristics that complicate study of its etiology. It is currently unclear to what extent PCOS-associated traits (hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, and coronary artery disease) are the result of environmental factors or genetic predisposition. We propose to conduct a twin study to investigate the possibility that environmental factors are important in the development of the PCOS phenotype. Twin studies are considered to be the gold standard for determining the extent of heritability of a trait. The proposal described here is only for Step 1 of a larger, multi-step study. The major goal of step 1 is to identify a large cohort of twin pairs, in which at least one member of each pair is likely to have PCOS.

Participants for this study will come from the Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR). Many (3283) potential participants have already been identified based on their answers to a preliminary MATR screening questionnaire. Out of the approximately 7145 twin women of reproductive age who completed these MATR screening questionnaires, 1803 women reported irregular periods, 954 reported ovarian cysts, and 526 reported both irregular periods and ovarian cysts. Many of the women in this last group are likely to have PCOS. They represent 7.4% of the total sample, matching current estimates of PCOS prevalence (4-7%) in reproductive age women. We will also add new twin pairs who meet the criteria (irregular periods and evidence of PCOS or cystic ovaries) as they are recruited into the MATR and take the preliminary surveys. According to MATR statistics, about 33% of twin pairs are monozygotic (MZ, identical). Therefore, approximately 174 of the 526 women likely to have PCOS are members of a MZ pair.

Step 1 of the proposed study consists of a telephone survey of the 3282 women with irregular periods and/or ovarian cysts. The survey will be conducted by the MATR. The instrument to be used contains a series of simple and direct questions and will take about 10 minutes to complete. The questions were designed to identify PCOS and their content deals with the frequency of menstrual periods (six or fewer per year being a major diagnostic criterion), a previous diagnosis of PCOS, obesity, excess facial hair and other evidence of hyperandrogenism. The women will also be asked if t...


Condition
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Environmental Factors in the Development of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Study Start Date: December 2000
Detailed Description:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is manifested as a heterogeneous mixture of clinical and bichemical characteristics that complicate study of its etiology. It is currently unclear to what extent PCOS-associated traits (hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, and coronary artery disease) are the result of environmental factors or genetic predisposition. We propose to conduct a twin study to investigate the possibility that environmental factors are important in the development of the PCOS phenotype. Twin studies are considered to be the gold standard for determining the extent of heritability of a trait. The proposal described here is only for Step 1 of a larger, multi-step study. The major goal of step 1 is to identify a large cohort of twin pairs, in which at least one member of each pair is likely to have PCOS.

Participants for this study will come from the Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR). Many (3283) potential participants have already been identified based on their answers to a preliminary MATR screening questionnaire. Out of the approximately 7145 twin women of reproductive age who completed these MATR screening questionnaires, 1803 women reported irregular periods, 954 reported ovarian cysts, and 526 reported both irregular periods and ovarian cysts. Many of the women in this last group are likely to have PCOS. They represent 7.4% of the total sample, matching current estimates of PCOS prevalence (4-7%) in reproductive age women. We will also add new twin pairs who meet the criteria (irregular periods and evidence of PCOS or cystic ovaries) as they are recruited into the MATR and take the preliminary surveys. According to MATR statistics, about 33% of twin pairs are monozygotic (MZ, identical). Therefore, approximately 174 of the 526 women likely to have PCOS are members of a MZ pair.

Step 1 of the proposed study consists of a telephone survey of the 3282 women with irregular periods and/or ovarian cysts. The survey will be conducted by the MATR. The instrument to be used contains a series of simple and direct questions and will take about 10 minutes to complete. The questions were designed to identify PCOS and their content deals with the frequency of menstrual periods (six or fewer per year being a major diagnostic criterion), a previous diagnosis of PCOS, obesity, excess facial hair and other evidence of hyperandrogenism. The women will also be asked if they have a living twin sister. On the basis of this survey, women will be identified who are likely to have PCOS and have a living female twin.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

The only criteria for inclusion into this study are that participants be female twins over the age of 18 and of reproductive age.

Participants will not be excluded based on race, ethnicity or religion.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Women under the age of 18 will be excluded from this study.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00341731

Locations
United States, North Carolina
NIEHS, Research Triangle Park
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States, 27709
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23284
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00341731     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999901047, 01-E-N047
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: November 25, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Cystic Ovaries
Environmental Factors
Heritability
Hyperandrogenism
Twin Study

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cysts
Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian Diseases
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Syndrome
Adnexal Diseases
Disease
Endocrine System Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Gonadal Disorders
Neoplasms
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014