A Study to Evaluate the Hematologic Response Rate (the Rate at Which the Hemoglobin Level Rises) of PROCRIT (Epoetin Alfa) Given at a Dose of 80,000 Units Once Weekly to Cancer Patients With Anemia Who Are Receiving Chemotherapy.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00341055
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: June 8, 2011
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the hematologic response, safety, and clinical outcomes of PROCRIT administered once a week in anemic cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Anemia
Cancer
Chemotherapy
Drug: Epoetin alfa
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Hematologic Response Rate of PROCRIT� (Epoetin Alfa) at 80,000 Units Once Weekly in Anemic Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary efficacy endpoint was major response defined as the proportion of patients with >= 2 g/dL hemoglobin (Hb) increase from baseline or Hb >= 12 g/dL and independent of transfusion within 28 days.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary efficacy endpoint was minor response defined as the proportion of patients with >= 1 g/dL hemoglobin (Hb) increase from baseline (up to 1.9 g/dL increase) and incidence of transfusion and independent of transfusion within 28 days.

Enrollment: 69
Study Start Date: June 2003
Study Completion Date: May 2004
Detailed Description:

When comparing the proposed study dose to current literature, the initial study dose of 80,000 Units administered once per week is equivalent to an individual dose of 1142 Units/kg body weight for a 70 kg patient. It is also common in clinical practice for anemic cancer patients to be treated with a dose of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) of 40,000 Units weekly. This study was an open-label, non-randomized pilot study of cancer patients with non-myeloid malignancies with a hemoglobin < = 11 g/dL planned to receive at least 12 weeks of chemotherapy. The objective of the study was to evaluate the hematologic response, safety, and clinical outcomes of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) at 80,000 Units given subcutaneously (under the skin) once weekly in anemic cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. If, at any time the hemoglobin was > 13 g/dL, PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) therapy was held until the hemoglobin was <= 12 g/dL, then resumed at 60,000 Units once weekly. The dose was also reduced if the hemoglobin rose by > 1.3 g/dL in a 2 week period.

Additionally, the incidence of anti-erythropoietin antibodies at baseline and at end of study/early withdrawal in study patients who have received a minimum of two or more doses of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) over at least a one-month period was evaluated. Rarely, antibodies to erythropoietin may form in patients who have some types of diseases (e.g., autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia of chronic disease) or in response to exposure to erythropoietin products such as Epoetin alfa necessitating discontinuation of the erythropoietin agent and medical treatment that may include blood transfusions. Hemoglobin level, vital signs (blood pressure) and occurrence and severity of adverse events was assessed throughout the study. PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) was given at a dose of 80,000 Units subcutaneously (under the skin) for 12 weeks. The PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) dose was monitored throughout the study and the dose was withheld or reduced as necessary to maintain hemoglobin level and rate of hemoglobin rise.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of any non-myeloid malignancy planned to have received at least 12 weeks of chemotherapy with hemoglobin <= 11 g/dL
  • Life expectancy > 6 months with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0-2
  • Both male and female patients with reproductive potential must have used an adequate contraceptive method (e.g., abstinence, intrauterine device, oral contraceptives, barrier device with spermicide or surgical sterilization) during treatment and for three months after completing treatment. Female patients with reproductive potential had a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the first dose of study drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous radiation therapy to > 25% bone marrow reserve or planned radiation during study duration
  • Packed red blood cells (PRBC) transfusion within 28 days of study entry
  • Anemia due to factors other than cancer/chemotherapy, i.e., iron, folate, Vitamin B12 deficiency, hemolysis or GI bleeding
  • Previous treatment with Epoetin alfa or any investigational forms of erythropoietin (e.g., gene-activated erythropoietin, novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein) within the previous 3 months
  • uncontrolled hypertension or history of thrombotic vascular events
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00341055

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00341055     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005110
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: June 8, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Anemia
Hemoglobin
Chemotherapy
Epoetin alfa

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Epoetin Alfa
Hematinics
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014