Evaluating the Safety of G-CSF Mobilization in Individuals With Beta Thalassemia Major

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
George Papanicolaou Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00336362
First received: June 12, 2006
Last updated: December 18, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

Beta thalassemia major is a serious genetic disease of the blood. Treatments are limited, and although a bone marrow transplant from a compatible donor can be curative, only a limited percentage of individuals with this disease have a matched donor available. A long-term goal of study researchers is to develop a gene transfer process as a method of curing beta thalassemia major. Gene transfer involves obtaining blood stem cells from an individual, adding a normal globin gene to the stem cells, and putting the cells back into the individual.

Before gene transfer methods can be attempted in individuals with beta thalassemia major, a safe method of obtaining blood stem cells needs to be developed. The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and feasibility of collecting peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) from individuals with beta thalassemia major. Research participants will be given G-CSF (filgrastim) for several days to increase the number of stem cells in the blood, a process called "mobilization." After mobilization, participants will undergo a procedure called apheresis to remove the white blood cells. Researchers in the laboratory will purify the stem cells from the mixture and test methods of putting a normal globin gene into the stem cells. Half of the participants will receive hydroxyurea (HU) prior to G-CSF mobilization. HU is used in splenectomized patients to attempt to reduce the risk of clotting during mobilization. In non-splenectomized patients, HU is given in an attempt to decrease the size of the spleen.


Condition Intervention
Beta-Thalassemia
Drug: Hydroxyurea

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of G-CSF Mobilization With and Without Hydroxyurea Pretreatment in Adults With Beta Thalassemia Major

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety of PBSC mobilization with G-CSF with or without hydroxyurea pretreatment in adults with beta thalassemia major [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of CD34+ stem/progenitor cells that are mobilized [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Ability of the obtained stem cells to be transduced with a recombinant lentivirus vector for beta-globin and engraft immunodeficient mice [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 26
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Participants will receive hydroxyurea pretreatment.
Drug: Hydroxyurea

Hydroxyurea: Subjects will be treated for one month with hydroxyurea at a starting dose of 10 mg/kg orally (closest approximation to 500 mg capsule, alternate day dosing, e.g. 500 alternating with 1000 to achieve 750 mg average daily dose), once daily, with a gradual dose escalation up to 20 mg/kg (in non-splenectomized patients) and up to 25 mg/kg (in splenectomized patients).

G-CSF: G-CSF will be administered subcutaneously. In general, G-CSF will be administered at 10μg/kg/day (5μg/kg on a twice a day schedule) for at least 4-5 days before leukapheresis and for 1-2 additional days during collections. For the splenectomized patients who are not receiving HU pretreatment, and for the splenectomized patients who receive HU pretreatment who have greater than or equal to 12,000 WBCs before G-CSF, G-CSF will start at a lower dose (for example, 1.5 or 2.5 µg/kg); the next doses will be adjusted by the Principal Investigator based on the observed degree of leukocytosis.

Other Name: hydrea
No Intervention: 2
Participants will not receive hydroxyurea pretreatment.

Detailed Description:

Primary Objective: To determine the safety of PBSC mobilization with G-CSF, with or without HU pretreatment in adults with beta thalassemia major.

Secondary Objective: To determine the number of CD34+ stem/progenitor cells that are mobilized under these conditions, as well as the ability of these cells to be transduced with a recombinant lentivirus vector for beta-globin and engraft immunodeficient mice.

Study Design: The ability of G-CSF to safely and effectively mobilize PBSC in adults with beta thalassemia major will be assessed in 12 splenectomized and 12 non-splenectomized patients. Of the 12 splenectomized patients, 6 will be treated with HU and G-CSF, and 6 will be treated only with G-CSF. Likewise, of the 12 non-splenectomized patients, 6 will be treated with HU and G-CSF, and 6 will be treated only with G-CSF. G-CSF mobilized participants will undergo leukapheresis on 2 consecutive days, with a target yield of 2 million CD34+ cells per kg of body weight. Safety will be assessed by monitoring for study-related toxicity. Efficacy will be assessed by measuring the total number of CD34+ cells, the ability of these cells to be transduced with a recombinant lentivirus vector for beta-globin, and the ability of these cells to engraft immunodeficient mice.

Population: Adults with beta thalassemia major.

Sample size: A total of 24 subjects will be enrolled: 12 splenectomized participants and 12 non-splenectomized participants.

End Points: This is a pilot study and no specific hypotheses are being tested. However, the study will allow for qualitative comparisons if outcomes between the various arms are markedly different. For example, the study will provide qualitative data on the safety and feasibility of utilizing HU and G-CSF to mobilize stem cells in individuals with beta thalassemia major. The study will be completed upon full enrollment, or when stopping criteria are met within specific study arms.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • β-thalassemia major
  • Karnofsky performance status greater than or equal to 80%
  • Splenectomized patients or patients with spleen volume less than 800 cm^3 (V=0.523 x length x thickness x width)
  • Compliant with regular transfusions and regular chelation
  • Liver iron by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) less than 280 μmol/gr or greater than or equal to 1.7 msec by T2*MRI
  • Heart iron by MRI greater than 2.8 (SI/SD)or greater than or equal to 9 msec by T2*MRI
  • Hepatitis B or C virus load negative by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) greater than 45% by echocardiogram or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
  • Adequate respiratory function with diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) greater than 50%
  • Negative pregnancy test, if female
  • Ability to give informed consent and willingness to meet all the expected requirements of the protocol for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of thrombosis or known thrombophilia
  • Symptomatic viral, bacterial, or fungal infection within 6 weeks of eligibility evaluation
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • HIV positivity
  • History of cancer, other than local skin cancer
  • Other systematic disease
  • Splenectomized patients with platelet count greater than 900,000
  • Additional risk factors for thrombosis, including Factor V Leiden; antiphospholipid antibodies; and less than 50% of the lowest normal value for the following procoagulants: antithrombin 3, protein C, or protein S
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00336362

Locations
Greece
George Papanicolaou Hospital
Thessaloniki, Greece
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
George Papanicolaou Hospital
Investigators
Study Director: George Stamatoyannopoulos, MD, DrSci University of Washington
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00336362     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 464, 2U01HL066947, IRB no. 27527, EudraCT no. 2005-000315-10
Study First Received: June 12, 2006
Last Updated: December 18, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
Greece: National Organization of Medicines

Keywords provided by University of Washington:
Beta Thalassemia Major
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization
Gene Transfer Techniques

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Beta-Thalassemia
Thalassemia
Anemia
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Hydroxyurea
Antineoplastic Agents
Antisickling Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hematologic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014