Effect of Air Pollution on Long-Term Asthma Severity and Lung Function in Children (FACES)
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
Asthma can be caused by many factors, including mold, pollen, and other airborne pollutants. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect that air pollution has on the long-term severity of asthma symptoms and lung function in children.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Fresno Asthmatic Children's Environment Study|
- Effect that air pollution has on the long-term severity of asthma symptoms and lung function in children [ Time Frame: Measured during participants' study visits ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Password-protected database and storage facility that is part of the UCB SPH biorepository
|Study Start Date:||November 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2010|
Asthma prevalence has steadily increased in the United States since the early 1980's; currently more than 20 million people are diagnosed with asthma, including 9 million children. Asthma can be caused by many factors, including pollen, dust, tobacco smoke, and other allergens. Research has shown that even short-term increases in daily levels of air pollution can trigger an increase in asthma symptoms in some individuals. More research is needed to determine how short-term increases in air pollution affect the severity of asthma later in life. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has constructed research monitoring stations, known as Supersites, to advance the understanding of the effect of airborne pollutants on the health of individuals. Data collected from the Supersites provide important information regarding air pollution and air quality levels. This study will use air pollution measurements obtained from the Fresno, California Supersite to monitor participants' exposure to air pollution. The purpose of the study is to determine if children who experience a worsening of asthma symptoms due to an increase in air pollution have greater long-term asthma severity and decreased lung function compared to children who do not experience a worsening of symptoms when exposed to air pollution.
This study will enroll children with asthma who live within 20 kilometers of the EPA Supersite in Fresno, California. Participants will have study visits twice a year for up to 2 ½ years. At study entry, participants will undergo a skin prick allergy test and complete a dietary questionnaire. At each study visit, a respiratory illness questionnaire will be completed, and participants will undergo spirometry tests to measure lung function. In addition to the twice yearly visits, participants will take part in three 14-day sessions each year, during which daily diaries will be completed and spirometry will be performed twice a day. Study staff will gather detailed air pollution information from the Supersite, mobile monitoring trailers, and inside and outside the participants' homes.
Beginning in May 2006, participants will take part in only one study visit and two 14-day sessions each year. Air pollution measurements will be obtained from only the Supersite. To estimate daily exposure to air pollution, all participants will wear a global positioning system (GPS) device and complete daily activity diaries for 5 days during the school year. Fifty participants who have demonstrated compliance with study procedures will be selected to also wear the GPS devices for 5 days during the summer months.
|Principal Investigator:||Ira B. Tager, MD, MPH||School of Public Health, UC Berkeley|