Metabolic Cerebral Imaging in Incipient Dementia (MCI-ID)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2012 by University of California, Los Angeles
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel H. Silverman, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00329706
First received: May 24, 2006
Last updated: November 15, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

A brain PET scan is recognized as "reasonable and necessary" for some patients with "a recently established diagnosis of dementia" (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Decision Memo CAG-00088R, 2004), but evidence is less clear for patients having less severe cognitive problems. A substantial portion of such patients will develop Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, which affect millions of people in the U.S., costing us over $100 billion annually. This project employs a prospective randomized protocol to determine whether PET scanning can help distinguish those patients with early Alzheimer's changes in their brains from those having other causes of cognitive impairment more accurately than is done with current clinical practices alone, and lead to earlier, more effective therapies which extend patients' abilities to think and function independently.


Condition Intervention
Dementia
Procedure: FDG-PET brain scan

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Early and Long-Term Value of Imaging Brain Metabolism

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, Los Angeles:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • change from baseline in neuropsychological (cognitive,functional) test results [ Time Frame: baseline and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • utilization of healthcare resources [ Time Frame: baseline and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • PET results, compared with working diagnoses made before and after time of PET [ Time Frame: baseline and up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • rates of prescription of AD-specific therapies [ Time Frame: baseline and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 710
Study Start Date: June 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Experimental arm will have an immediate release of the PET report
Procedure: FDG-PET brain scan
The difference in the two arms' interventions is the time at which the FDG-PET brain scan information is available for the subjects' managing physicians. Experimental arms will have an immediate release of the PET report, while the Active Comparator arms will have a delayed release of 2 years.
Other Name: [F-18]FDG PET brain scan administered once to both arms
Active Comparator: 2
Active Comparator arm will have a delayed release of 2 years
Procedure: FDG-PET brain scan
The difference in the two arms' interventions is the time at which the FDG-PET brain scan information is available for the subjects' managing physicians. Experimental arms will have an immediate release of the PET report, while the Active Comparator arms will have a delayed release of 2 years.
Other Name: [F-18]FDG PET brain scan administered once to both arms

Detailed Description:

People experiencing mild cognitive changes represent an epidemiologically major segment of the geriatric patient population. In the present proposal, we aim to measure how knowledge of cerebral metabolic information 1) influences working diagnoses and management of patients being evaluated for symptoms of early cognitive decline, and 2) impacts upon long-term clinical outcomes, particularly of subjects having metabolic patterns consistent with presence of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like changes in their brains. A total of 710 patients suffering from documentable decline of cognitive function in the absence of overt dementia will be studied at nine U.S. institutions with extensive experience and infrastructure in place for the evaluation of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders, and for neuroimaging. In this prospective, investigation, subjects will undergo baseline neuropsychologic testing and neuroimaging with MRI and FDGPET. PET scan reports will be sealed and randomized with respect to whether they are released to patients' managing physicians at the time of interpretation, or two years after the time that scanning is performed.

Working diagnoses of managing physicians will be recorded, as will the treatment decisions made by the managing physicians and their patients. Cognitive abilities, functional status, utilization of healthcare resources, and other clinical and social contact parameters will be assessed every six months. Our major hypotheses are that among patients whose PET results are immediately conveyed to their referring physicians, diagnoses and management plans will be positively affected, leading to more effective utilization of healthcare resources and to maintenance of cognitive and functional abilities at a higher level. This project will also provide a rich source of data that can be used to address questions outside of its major focus (e.g., prognostic accuracy of volumetric MRI data used instead of, or in conjunction with, FDG-PET data; incremental predictive value of applying statistically parameterizing and/or quantifying software tools to imaging data).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cognitive deficit and/or personality change is present, as observable by physician and/or close contact(s) of the patient; or in the absence of this, the patient provides a clear history of decline which the patient's physician deems to be reliable.
  • If history or neurologic exam reveals findings suspicious for stroke, tumor, bleed, ictal activity, or hydrocephalus, then CT/MRI and appropriate neurological or neurosurgical consultation must have been obtained.
  • Standard history, physical, and laboratory screen have been performed to identify possible presence of depression, substance abuse, malnourishment, medication effects and interactions, cardiopulmonary compromise, electrolyte/calcium imbalance, anemia, hypoxemia, infection, thyroid dysfunction, renal dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, or glucose dysregulation.
  • Any positive findings revealed in 2) or 3) above have been appropriately treated, wherever possible, but cognitive/behavioral deficit persists post-therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects under age 65 will not be recruited, in order to enhance the clinical relevance of the project by focusing on the age groups in whom serious concerns about early signs and symptoms of senile onset dementia are most typically emerging.
  • Overt dementia, as discussed above.
  • Cognitive dysfunction has impaired subject's ability to perform activities of daily living.
  • Present or past history of thyroid disease (due to effects of both the disease and thyroid hormone replacement therapy on brain metabolism that we and others have begun to identify, but which remain incompletely characterized.)
  • Claustrophobia or metal in body or other condition that would preclude PET or MRI from being acquired, or visual, auditory or motor deficits that would preclude accurate neuropsychological testing.
  • Cholinesterase inhibition therapy already initiated.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00329706

Contacts
Contact: Cheri Geist, Central Coordinator 310-794-5067 cgeist@mednet.ucla.edu
Contact: Daniel H Silverman, MD, Ph.D. 310-825-4257 dsilver@ucla.edu

Locations
United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic Recruiting
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85054
Contact: Donna Stearns, RN, Coordinator    (480) 301-7570    stearns.donna@mayo.edu   
Contact: Michael Roarke, MD       roarke.michael@mayo.edu   
United States, California
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Contact: Grace Ih, Site Coordinator    310-423-7546    Grace.Ih@cshs.org   
Contact: Alan D Waxman, MD    310-423-7546    alan.waxman@cshs.org   
UCLA Medical Center Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-6942
Contact: Cheri L Geist, Coordinator    310-794-5067    cgeist@mednet.ucla.edu   
Contact: Daniel H Silverman, MD, PhD    310-825-4257    dsilver@ucla.edu   
Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center Recruiting
Santa Monica, California, United States, 90404
Contact: Cheri L Geist, Coordinator    310-794-5067    CGeist@mednet.ucla.edu   
Contact: Daniel H Silverman, MD,PhD    310-825-4257    dsilver@ucla.edu   
United States, Florida
Gene E. Myers Cardiac and Vascular Consultants Recruiting
Sarasota, Florida, United States, 34239
Contact: Susanne Myers, Coordinator    941-365-6611    susannemyers@gmail.com   
Contact: Gene E Myers, MD         
United States, Massachusetts
Lahey Clinic Hospital Recruiting
Burlington, Massachusetts, United States, 01805
Contact: Nanette Matrullo, Coordinator    781-744-2906    nanette.matrullo@lahey.org   
Contact: Edward Pinkus, MD       edward.pinkus@lahey.org   
United States, New York
University of Buffalo Recruiting
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14214
Contact: Deborah A Erb, Coordinator    716-838-5889    deberb@buffalo.edu   
Contact: Hani Abdel-Nabi, MD       hha@buffalo.edu   
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina Recruiting
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Contact: Genny Starr, RN    843-792-2807    connlyg@musc.edu   
Contact: Kenneth M Spicer, MD, PhD    843-876-4217      
United States, Utah
University of Utah Recruiting
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84108
Contact: Renee Rider, Coordinator    801-587-8120    renee.rider@hsc.utah.edu   
Contact: Norman L Foster, MD    801-587-7236    norman.foster@hsc.utah.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Daniel H Silverman, MD, PhD University of California, Los Angeles
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Daniel H. Silverman, Professor, Medical and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00329706     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 02-10-079, 03-04-026
Study First Received: May 24, 2006
Last Updated: November 15, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of California, Los Angeles:
mild cognitive impairment
Alzheimer's disease
dementia
FDG
PET

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Nervous System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014