Hepatitis C Self-Management

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: May 17, 2006
Last updated: October 25, 2013
Last verified: September 2010

The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of a 6-session hepatitis C self-management workshop to a hepatitis C self-management self-study program. Both interventions are designed to help people with hepatitis C learn to actively self-manage their chronic HCV infection, and ultimately, to improve health outcomes for veterans with HCV who are not receiving Interferon-based treatment. Participants complete a total of four assessments. The fourth assessment, a 12-18 month assessment is an approved addition to the original study design

Condition Intervention
Hepatitis C
Chronic Disease
Behavioral: Self-Management Workshop
Behavioral: Self-management self-study

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: A Self-Management Intervention for Veterans With Hepatitis C

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Health-related quality of life, Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: Base Line, six weeks and six months, 12-18 moths ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Fatigue, depression [ Time Frame: Base Line, six weeks and six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 135
Study Start Date: May 2007
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Arm 1 Behavioral: Self-Management Workshop
The workshop is a once per week 2.5 hour group that meets for six weeks.
Behavioral: Self-management self-study
This is an individual self-paced at home study program.
Arm 2 Behavioral: Self-Management Workshop
The workshop is a once per week 2.5 hour group that meets for six weeks.
Behavioral: Self-management self-study
This is an individual self-paced at home study program.

Detailed Description:

Background: Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) is a major health concern that disproportionately affects U.S. veterans. Veterans with HCV experience impaired quality of life as a result of HCV infection and other co-morbid disorders; namely substance abuse and mental health problems. Only a small proportion of these patients currently receive and are cured of HCV with Interferon-based treatments. Treatment recommendations for HCV-infected veterans not scheduled for Interferon-based treatment include additional evaluations/procedures and adherence to behavioral/lifestyle guidelines. However, many patients with HCV and commonly occurring co-morbidities have difficulty following these recommendations without additional assistance. HCV self-management programs are one option for helping these patients adhere to treatment recommendations while improving their quality of life. Patient self-management programs augment traditional information-oriented patient education with problem-solving skills and cognitive-behavioral techniques that enable patients to manage chronic illness and their lives as a whole.

Objectives: Our primary objective was to assess the efficacy of a 6-session self-management workshop designed to improve health outcomes for veterans with HCV who are not receiving Interferon-based treatment.

Methods: One hundred- thirty seven Veterans with HCV who receive health care at VA San Diego Healthcare System facilities were randomized to either the HCV Self-Management Workshop (HCV-SMW) or to the Information intervention study arm. The self-management intervention includes six 2.5-hour weekly workshop sessions in addition to the basic information provided to Usual Care. The HCV-SMW was co-led by a health educator and a peer-leader, and has been adapted from an existing self-management program that has been effective for patients with other chronic illnesses. The primary outcome for the study is health-related quality of life. Secondary outcome variables include attendance at recommended health care visits, self-reported health behaviors related to preventing viral transmission, substance use/abuse, and patient-provider communication. Data was collected at baseline, end-of-intervention (6 weeks), at a 12-month and 18-month follow-up visits using self-report questionnaires. In accordance with HIPAA guidelines, VA medical records and other databases were accessed to gather data on health care utilization and mortality. Data was analyzed using repeated-measures analysis of variance, MANCOVA, and linear mixed-model approaches. In addition, an exploratory cost analysis will be conducted when final analyses are conducted.

Status: Recruitment for the project officially began in May, 2007 and the first workshop began in July. To date, 134individuals have been randomized and completed a base-line assessment. 132 participants have completed a six-week follow-up assessment, 126 completed the six-month follow-up assessment and 93 have completed the 12-month follow-up assessment. 43 Participants were lost to follow-up for various reasons, including loss of contact, incarceration, death, and other undetermined reasons. Long term follow-up data have been analyzed with results forthcoming.


Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • VA patient
  • Diagnosis of chronic hepatitis C viral infection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Undergoing treatment with Interferon and/or Ribavirin currently or within 6 months of enrollment
  • Inability to confirm HCV diagnosis
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00328042

United States, California
VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92161
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Erik J. Groessl, PhD BA BS VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego
  More Information

Responsible Party: Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00328042     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IAC 05-067
Study First Received: May 17, 2006
Last Updated: October 25, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:
Quality of Life
Chronic disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chronic Disease
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 14, 2014