Very Low Protein Diet and Renal Death in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)-ERIKA Study

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2011 by Azienda Sanitaria ASL Avellino 2.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Azienda Sanitaria ASL Avellino 2
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00323713
First received: May 5, 2006
Last updated: June 23, 2011
Last verified: June 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the use of a very low protein diet is effective in delaying the start of chronic dialysis treatment in patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD).


Condition Intervention
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Behavioral: Very low protein diet
Behavioral: Low protein diet

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Very Low Protein Diet Supplemented With Ketoanalogs on Renal Death in Phase 4/5 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) - ERIKA Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Azienda Sanitaria ASL Avellino 2:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to renal death, defined as the first event between start of renal replacement therapy or patient death [ Time Frame: Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Compliance to diet [ Time Frame: Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cardiovascular morbidity, defined by angina, heart failure, myocardial infarction, left ventricular mass, stroke, blood pressure, lipid profile, calcium/phosphorus/parathormone status and Charlson comorbidity index, at the start of dialysis [ Time Frame: Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Nutritional status, defined by anthropo-plicometry, biochemistry, body bioimpedance analysis (BIA), subjective global nutritional assessment (SGA), at the start and during the 1st year of dialysis [ Time Frame: Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Cardiovascular mortality [ Time Frame: Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 360
Study Start Date: February 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: VLPD diet
Adavnced CKD patients (stage 4-5) on a very low protein diet
Behavioral: Very low protein diet
0.3 g of proteins per kilo of body weight per day, supplemented with a mixture of essential aminoacids and chetoacids
Other Name: VLPD
Active Comparator: LPD diet
Adavnced CKD patients (stage 4-5) on a low protein diet
Behavioral: Low protein diet
0.6 g of protein per kilo of body weight per day
Other Name: LPD

Detailed Description:

The prevalence of chronic dialysis patients is increasing worldwide because of the rising incidence of end stage renal disease, it is burdened by high cardiovascular risk, it is associated with a very high morbidity and mortality and it determines enormous costs for the community.

The improvement in the management of metabolic and cardiovascular complication associated to chronic kidney disease (CKD) since the early stages of the disease becomes mandatory in order to delay the start of dialysis and to ameliorate the whole patient outcome.

Dietary protein restriction represents a basic therapeutic approach in CKD, by reducing the accumulation of nitrogen catabolic substances, the phosphorus retention and the consequent hyperparathyroidism, the metabolic acidosis, the salt intake and the consequent hypertension, the proteinuria, and by improving the anemia and the glycemic tolerance, but the effects of the low protein diet on renal failure progression rate have not been definitely demonstrated.

Dietary effective reduction of just 0.2 g/kg/day of proteins is effective in ameliorating blood urea nitrogen, metabolic acidosis and hyperphosphoremia, and the very low protein diet (VLPD) allows a further improving of the metabolic control of uremia, it is safe, not affecting the nutritional status, and it is cost saving. VLPD has been suggested to delay the start of renal replacement therapy with respect to standard low protein diet, by mean of either secondary analysis of clinical trials or retrospective analysis.

Large randomized clinical trials (RCT) on this issue lack, and the effect of VLPD on renal death remain to be addressed. As well, information on patients' compliance to VLPD prescription and on the impact of VLPD on the quality of life are needed. Finally, also the effects of VLPD on both cardiovascular risk factors and mortality remain to be completely evaluated.

The primary aim of this study is to evaluate, by mean of a RCT, the effect of the very low protein diet on the renal death in renal patients affected by chronic renal insufficiency of moderate to advanced degree (CKD stages 4 and 5). Secondary aims are to evaluate the effect of VLPD on cardiovascular risk factors, morbidity and mortality, the adherence to VLPD, and the relationship between VLPD and quality of life.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with chronic renal insufficiency in stage CKD 4 and 5 (GFR < 30 ml/min/1.73m2, estimated by the 24-hours creatinine clearance) receiving conservative treatment for CKD
  • Incident patients with chronic renal insufficiency in stage CKD 4 and 5 (GFR < 30 ml/min/1.73m2, estimated by the 24-hours creatinine clearance), provided stable renal function determined by two 24-hour measurements of creatinine clearance 2 weeks a part

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients already on very low protein diet
  • Change of creatinine clearance > 30% within the last 3 months
  • Severe undernutrition as indicated by :

    1. BMI < 20 kg/m2 in presence of serum albumin < 3.0 g/dl, or BMI < 17.5 kg/m2 whatever albumin value
    2. body weight reduction > 7.5% within the last 3 months
  • Severe obesity as indicated by BMI > 35 kg/m2
  • Pregnancy or feeding
  • Chronic treatment with steroid or cytotoxic drugs
  • Fast progressing glomerulonephritis
  • Active SLE and vasculitis
  • Cardiac failure stage IV NYHA
  • Advanced liver cirrhosis
  • Active cancer diseases
  • Severe encephalopathy associated with lack of spontaneous feeding
  • Chronic obstructive respiratory diseases needing oxygen treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00323713

Locations
Italy
Nephrology Unit, "Moscati" Hospital
Avellino, AV, Italy, 83100
Nephrology Unit, S. Angelo dei Lombardi Hospital
Sant' Angelo dei Lombardi, AV, Italy, 83054
Nephrology Unit "A. Landolfi" Hospital
Solofra, AV, Italy, 83029
Nephrology Division, Medical School, University of Bari
Bari, BA, Italy, 70100
Nephrology Unit, Brindisi Hospital
Brindisi, BR, Italy, 72100
Nephrology Unit, Piedimonte Matese Hospital
Piedimonte Matese, CE, Italy, 81016
Nephrology Unit, S. Felice a Cancello Hospital
San Felice a Cancello, CE, Italy, 81027
Nephrology Division, Medical School, University of Catanzaro
Catanzaro, CZ, Italy, 88100
Nephrology Division, Medical School, University of Foggia
Foggia, FG, Italy, 71100
Nephrology Unit, Foggia Hospital
Foggia, FG, Italy, 71100
Nephrology Unit, San Severo Hospital
San Severo, FG, Italy, 71016
Nephrology Unit, Galatina Hospital
Galatina, LE, Italy, 73013
Nephrology Division, "San Carlo" Hospital
Potenza, PZ, Italy, 85100
Nephrology Unit, "Curto" Hospital
Polla, SA, Italy, 84035
Nephrology Unit, Castellammare Hospital
Castellammare di Stabia, Italy, 80053
Nephrology Division, Medical School, Second University of Naples
Napoli, Italy, 80138
Nephrology Division, Medical School, University "Federico II" of Naples
Napoli, Italy, 80123
Sponsors and Collaborators
Azienda Sanitaria ASL Avellino 2
Investigators
Study Chair: Vincenzo Bellizzi, MD, PhD Nephrology Unit "A. Landolfi" Hospital, Solofra (AV) Italy
Study Chair: Giuseppe Conte, MD Division of Nephrology, Medical School, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
Study Chair: Ciro Gallo, MD Biostatistics Unit, Medical School, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Dr Vincenzo Bellizzi, ASL_AV 2 - Avellino - Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00323713     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KA1-1425
Study First Received: May 5, 2006
Last Updated: June 23, 2011
Health Authority: Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Azienda Sanitaria ASL Avellino 2:
Chronic renal insufficiency
CKD stage 4
CKD stage 5
Protein intake
Low protein diet
Very low protein diet
Ketoanalogs
Renal death

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Diseases
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Urologic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014