Natural History and Biology of Skin Neurofibromas in Neurofibromatosis Type 1

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00314119
First received: April 11, 2006
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

This study will explore the growth of dermal neurofibromas (skin tumors) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Investigators will try to learn: 1) how fast (or slow) these benign tumors grow in NF1, 2) how often new tumors appear and 3) what genes are involved in the growth of the tumors.

Men and women between 20 and 50 years of age diagnosed with NF1 and their biological parents are eligible for this study.

Patients with NF1 are evaluated at the NIH Clinical Center with the following tests and procedures:

  • Medical examination and drawing of family tree.
  • Photos of the back, abdomen and thigh in order to count the number of skin tumors.
  • Photos of the skin taken with a special camera (Primos camera) that takes very detailed pictures of a small area of skin.
  • Photos of the skin taken with a dermatoscope, which takes very detailed pictures of a small area of skin under high magnification.
  • Biopsy of at least one skin tumor and biopsy of a small piece of normal skin.
  • Blood sample collection for genetic testing of the gene NF1 and to establish a cell line.
  • Other medical tests (e.g., x-rays or MRI) if needed.

Patients and their families will also have a genetic counseling session and an opportunity to ask questions about neurofibromatosis type 1.

Patients return to the NIH after 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months for follow-up photographs and possibly blood samples.

Biological parents of patients provide a blood sample for genetic testing.


Condition
Dermal Neurofibromas
Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Natural History and Biology of Dermal Neurofibromas in Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 17
Study Start Date: April 2006
Detailed Description:

This protocol results from a funded 2005 Bench-to-Bedside Award and explores the genetic basis of disease severity in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and the evaluation of three methods to measure disease progression of dermal neurofibromas. NF1 is a common multisystem genetic disorder associated with the development of benign and malignant tumors, primarily of the nervous system. NF1 is 100% penetrant and features variable expressivity and essentially no phenotype/genotype correlation. No standard treatment other than surgery exists for most NF1-associated tumors. Many aspects of the natural history of NF1-associated tumors are not fully characterized and require investigation to assess the effects of potential new treatments, in future clinical trials. The development of medical treatments for NF1-associated tumors is an important goal given their morbidity and the lack of non-surgical treatment options. The ability to predict the ultimate severity of disease would have a significant impact on the management and treatment of individuals with NF1.

Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) is a novel, orally bioavailable agent that targets downstream effectors in the Ras signaling pathway (a key dysregulated pathway in NF1). It has thus a strong scientific rationale for evaluation in NF1 related tumors. Dermal neurofibromas occur in nearly every individual with NF1, and are a significant cosmetic problem and a major cause of morbidity. This protocol will 1) quantify the growth of dermal neurofibromas in NF1 with 3 different imaging modalities 2) use an innovative gene expression method to identify genetic modifiers of dermal neurofibroma burden, and 3) evaluate dermal neurofibromas and normal skin for the presence of targets of sorafenib. Successful validation of reliable quantitative imaging methods of dermal neurofibroma growth is a logical prerequisite to subsequent clinical trials with medical treatments, which will evaluate the effect of new agents on the growth rate of dermal neurofibromas. Identification of genetic modifiers may permit prediction of ultimate tumor burden. Evaluation of targets of new agents in dermal neurofibromas will allow for more rationale drug development for NF1. Given the paucity of protocols for adults with NF1 and dermal neurofibromas, this study will likely generate great interest among affected individuals and have rapid accrual.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

-INCLUSION CRITERIA - GROUP A INDIVIDUALS:

  1. Clinical diagnosis of NF1. In order to meet the diagnosis of NF1 individuals must have 2 of the diagnostic criteria listed below:

    • Six or more cafe-au-lait macules (greater than or equal to 0.5 cm in prepubertal subjects or greater than or equal to 1.5 cm in postpubertal subjects)
    • Freckling in the axilla or groin
    • A tumor of the optic pathway
    • Two or more Lisch nodules
    • A distinctive bony lesion (dysplasia of the sphenoid bone or dysplasia or thinning of long bone cortex)
    • A plexiform neurofibroma or two or more neurofibromas
    • A first-degree relative with NF1 by the above criteria

    We may request the medical records of potential enrollees for our review. Ideally, individuals will have been evaluated by a geneticist and a definitive diagnosis made. However given the unique, familial (and often unmistakable features) of NF1 it is likely the diagnosis can be reliably made by a non-geneticist.

  2. Age at study entry: 20- 50 years (inclusive)
  3. Identification of a physician who will be responsible for follow-up care, if needed
  4. Ability and willingness to travel to the NIH Clinical Center or University of Alabama at Birmingham Alabama for multiple evaluations
  5. Ability and willingness of both biologic parents to provide a blood (or saliva) sample
  6. Must have at least one dermal neurofibroma amenable to excisional biopsy. Preferably the neurofibroma will be on the thorax or abdomen and be at least the size of a pencil eraser.

INCLUSION CRITERIA - GROUP B INDIVIDUALS:

  1. Biological parents (either affected or unaffected) of Group A individuals
  2. Willingness to donate a blood or saliva sample for genotyping
  3. Willing to undergo a brief skin and eye exam at the NIH CC (to rule out NF1) or University of Alabama, if accompanying adult children

EXCLUSION CRITERIA - GROUP A INDIVIDUALS

MEDICAL INCLUSIONS:

  1. Any history of administration (or current use) of radiation therapy, chemotherapeutic agents or biologic agents (experimental or not) that resulted in a documented significant change in dermal neurofibroma tumor burden or growth.
  2. Patients with probable segmental or mosaic NF1 will be excluded from study participation and medical records may be reviewed prior to enrollment for this determination.
  3. A history of administration of medications within 6 months of study entry that might reasonably be expected to alter the natural history of tumor growth (examples include pirfenidone, interferon, farnesyl transferase inhibitor (FTI), MTX/VBL, thalidomide, growth hormone) or cause significant changes in gene expression profile.
  4. Known or suspected untreated bleeding diathesis or platelet disorder that would preclude safe and successful dermal neurofibroma and skin biopsy. Patients prescribed aspirin or other known/suspected agent that interferes with platelet function may also be excluded if they cannot safely discontinue its use a week ahead of the biopsy.
  5. Clinically significant unrelated systemic illness, such as serious infection, hepatic, renal or other organ dysfunction, which in the judgment of the principal investigator or associate investigator would compromise the patient's ability to participate in the study procedures.
  6. Inability or unwillingness to tolerate the dermal neurofibroma excision and skin biopsy or blood draw.

VULNERABLE POPULATIONS EXCLUSIONS

1) Cognitive delay to the extent that conscious sedation is required to obtain the dermal neurofibroma excision and skin biopsy.

OTHER EXCLUSIONS

  1. Biologic parents unable or unwilling to provide a blood (or saliva) sample.
  2. Inability to travel to the NIH or to The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL
  3. Individuals refusing an excisional tumor or skin biopsy.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00314119

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Douglas R Stewart, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00314119     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060134, 06-HG-0134
Study First Received: April 11, 2006
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Gene Expression
Dermal Tumor Imaging
Microarray
Dermoscopy
Genetic Modifiers
Neurofibromatosis
NF1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neurofibromatoses
Neurofibromatosis 1
Neurofibroma
Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Neurocutaneous Syndromes
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Bone Diseases, Endocrine
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 21, 2014