C-Spine Movement - Shikani Optical Scope vs Macintosh Laryngoscope for Patients With Cervical Spine Injury
Patients undergoing surgery will have laryngoscopy performed using two widely accepted techniques – Macintosh Laryngoscope and Shikani Optical Scope. The techniques will be timed and compared for cervical spine movement using fluoroscopy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Comparison of Shikani Optical Scope to Macintosh Laryngoscope for Intubation of Patients With Potential Cervical Spine Injury|
- cervical spine movement
- Duration of intubation
|Study Start Date:||March 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2006|
Approval for the study has been obtained from the Review Board for Health and Sciences Research Involving Human Subjects of the University of Western Ontario. Informed and written consent will be obtained from patients who are undergoing elective surgery requiring general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Preoperative clinical assessment of the patients will include routine airway evaluation of dentition, mouth opening, tongue size, Mallampati score, and neck mobility.
While awake, the patients will be placed on the operating room table with a rigid board under their head, neck, and torso in order to simulate the table on which patients involved in trauma are placed in the emergency room. In-line stabilization (ILS), as recommended by the ATLS guidelines, will be applied to maintain the patient's head in the neutral position and reduce neck movement during laryngoscopy.
After standard pre-oxygenation, anesthesia will be induced in routine fashion with 2-3 mg/kg propofol and 2-5 mcg/kg fentanyl; rocuronium 0.8 mg/kg will be administered to effect muscle paralysis. The patient will be then be ventilated with sevoflurane in 100% Oxygen via bag and mask for 3 minutes.
After the patient is anesthetized, a sealed envelope containing computer a generated random assignment will be opened. Laryngoscopy will then be performed two times, with the Macintosh laryngoscope and with the Shikani Optical Scope, in random order as determined by the envelope. Between laryngoscopies, the patient will be ventilated with sevoflurane in 100% Oxygen.
For direct Macintosh laryngoscopy, a size 3 laryngoscope blade will be recommended in all patients. With laryngoscopy, the glottis will be exposed to enable positioning of the endotracheal tube at the vocal cords. During the second laryngoscopy in the above sequence, the trachea will be intubated.
The study is then complete. The hard board will be removed and the surgery will proceed in the usual fashion.
The laryngoscopy and intubation will be recorded by a portable fluoroscopy unit for subsequent review by the radiologist to assess relative neck movement.
Laryngoscopy time will be defined as the time from when the laryngoscope blade or Shikani stylet passes the teeth of the patient until the time the endotracheal tube is positioned at the opening of the larynx. If the intubation sequence is longer than 120 seconds, it will be deemed a failure and recorded as such.
The Cormack (11) of the larynx will be recorded for all patients.
|London Health Sciences Centre University Hospital Site|
|London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5A5|
|Principal Investigator:||Timothy P Turkstra, MD||London Health Sciences Centre|
|Principal Investigator:||Rosemary A Craen, MD||London Health Sciences Centre|
|Principal Investigator:||David M Pelz, MD||London Health Sciences Centre|
|Principal Investigator:||Allison Shakih, MD||London Health Sciences Centre|