Clinical Islet Transplantation Using the Edmonton Protocol
The purpose of this study is to perform a series of islet transplants using the Edmonton protocol. Patients with Type I Diabetes and glycemic lability, severe hypoglycemia or hypoglycemic unawareness will undergo transplantation of purified pancreatic islets from cadaveric donors into the portal vein, followed by steroid-free immunosuppression as per the Edmonton protocol (IL-2 antibody induction, sirolimus, low dose tacrolimus-based immunosuppression). The goals of the transplant are to improve glycemic control, stabilize blood sugars and achieve insulin independence.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Clinical Islet Transplantation Using the Edmonton Protocol|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2008|
Procedure: Islet Allotransplantation
The purpose of this study is to document the outcomes of islet transplant at our centre while replicating the Edmonton protocol. The Edmonton protocol, as described above, is currently the standard clinical protocol for conducting clinical islet transplantation in selected patients with type 1 diabetes. We propose to conduct a feasibility study to document the availability and frequency of donor organs, test the process of islet isolation, assess the implementation of procedures to transplant islets and administer immunosuppression, monitor the complications of immunosuppression and document the success and safety of the transplant procedure at our centre.
The outcomes we propose to document include: 1) the number of patients who achieve insulin independence one year after completing the Edmonton protocol 2) the A1c value one year after completing the Edmonton protocol 3) graft survival as measured by basal and stimulated C-peptide levels 4) islet equivalents isolated from each donor organ and islet equivalents per kg transplanted 5) complications of islet transplant and immunosuppressive therapy.
Eight patients who have had type 1 diabetes for more than 5 years will undergo islet allotransplantation using the Edmonton protocol. It is expected that most patients will require a minimum of two transplant procedures to receive enough islets to achieve insulin independence. Procedures will follow published guidelines.
Pancreata will be isolated from brain-dead donors according to published protocols, including the two-layer cold storage method. Islets will be cultured for up to 48 hours to facilitate timing of the islet infusion.
Islets will be infused into the portal vein. Post transplant immunosuppression will consist of the modified Edmonton protocol as outlined by Ryan et al including basiliximab induction therapy, sirolimus and tacrolimus maintenance therapy, aspirin and enoxaparin thromboprophylaxis, pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis with sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim for 6 months and cytomegalovirus prophylaxis for 3 months if indicated. Insulin requirements will be monitored closely after transplant. Serum glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, serum C-peptide, creatinine, and lipid concentrations will be monitored.
Patients will be seen in follow up every month initially and longer term every 3 to 6 months as required. Glucose control, immunosuppressive levels and adverse events will be monitored regularly. Patients will be monitored for complications of diabetes as per standard guidelines. Tests of beta cell function (mixed meal Ensure test for glucose and C-peptide) will be performed every 3 months initially and then every 6 months once stable.
|London Health Sciences Centre University Campus|
|London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4L6|
|Principal Investigator:||William Wall, MD||University of Western Ontario, Canada|