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Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of EUR-1008 (APT-1008) Pancreatic Enzyme Product in Participants With Cystic Fibrosis and Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aptalis Pharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00297167
First received: February 27, 2006
Last updated: February 24, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

The primary efficacy objective of this study is to compare the coefficient of fat absorption (CFA) following oral administration of Aptalis Pharma's (formerly Eurand Pharmaceuticals) pancreatic enzyme product (PEP) capsules and placebo in participants with cystic fibrosis (CF) and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI).


Condition Intervention Phase
Cystic Fibrosis
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Drug: EUR-1008 (APT-1008)
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Two-Treatment, Crossover Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Eurand Pancreatic Enzyme Product (PEP) in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis and Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Aptalis Pharma:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Coefficient of Fat Absorption (CFA%) [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 of hospital treatment in first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent CFA was calculated as ([fat intake - fat excretion]/fat intake)multiplied by 100, determined in the stools collected during the 72-hour hospitalization period. Mean percent CFA was calculated for Day 3 to Day 6 during hospital treatment in first and second double-blind (DB) intervention periods.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Coefficient of Nitrogen Absorption (CNA%) [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 of hospital treatment in first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent CNA was calculated as ([nitrogen intake-nitrogen excretion]/nitrogen intake)*100, determined in the stools collected during the 72-hour hospitalization period. Nitrogen intake was calculated as protein intake/6.2. Nitrogen excretion was measured as total fecal nitrogen. Mean percent CNA was calculated for Day 3 to Day 6 during hospital treatment in first and second double-blind intervention periods.

  • Lipid Levels [ Time Frame: End of treatment (Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Lipid levels were reported for total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) from fasted blood and urine samples. Mean lipid levels for Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods were calculated.

  • Vitamin A Levels [ Time Frame: End of treatment (Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean Vitamin A levels for Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods were calculated.

  • Vitamin E Levels [ Time Frame: End of treatment (Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean Vitamin E levels for Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods were calculated.

  • Mean Daily Number of Stools [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean daily number of stools of each participant was calculated from frequency of stools by the participant per day. Mean daily number of stools during the collection period (Day 3 to Day 6 in first and second double-blind intervention periods) for total participants was summarized.

  • Percentage of Stool Categorized as Per Consistency [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Stool consistency was categorized as hard, formed/normal, soft, watery, or overt diarrhea. Percentage of stools of a specific consistency for each participant at first and second double-blind intervention periods was calculated. Mean percentage of stool consistency during the collection period (Day 3 to Day 6 in first and second intervention periods) for total participants was summarized.

  • Mean Number of Abdominal Symptoms [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 during first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Abdominal symptoms included abdominal pain, flatulence and bloating. Symptoms were classified by severity as mild (no impairment of daily activities), moderate (slight impairment of daily activities), or severe (unable to perform daily activities). Mean number of symptom of specific severity per day for each participant was calculated. Mean number of symptoms per day was calculated for Day 3 to Day 6 in first and second double-blind intervention periods for total participants.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Visible Oil or Grease in Stool [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 of hospital treatment in first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percentage of stools with visible oil or grease during the collection period (Day 3 to Day 6 in first and second intervention periods) for total participants was summarized. Percentage was calculated as the number of stools with visible oil or grease divided by the total number of stool per day.

  • Percentage of Stools With Blood [ Time Frame: Day 3 up to Day 6 of hospital treatment in first and second double-blind intervention periods ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percentage of stools with blood during the collection period (Day 3 to Day 6 in first and second intervention periods) for total participants was summarized. Percentage was calculated as the number of stools with blood divided by the total number of stool per day.


Enrollment: 34
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2006
Primary Completion Date: November 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: EUR-1008 (APT-1008) First, Then Placebo Drug: EUR-1008 (APT-1008)
EUR-1008 (APT-1008) microtablets (5000 lipase units) or minitablets (10000, 15000 or 20000 lipase units) contained in a capsule will be given orally daily in first double-blind intervention period; at a dose based on investigator's discretion as achieved during dose titration and stabilization period (6 to 9 days). The capsules could be opened and sprinkled on acidic food and half of the established dose was used with snacks. Treatment duration for first double-blind intervention period will be 2 days home treatment and 3 to 5 days hospital treatment.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo matched to EUR-1008 (APT-1008) microtablets or minitablets contained in a capsule will be given orally daily in second double-blind intervention period; at a dose based on investigator's discretion as achieved during dose titration and stabilization period (6 to 9 days). Treatment duration for second double-blind intervention period will be 2 days home treatment and 3 to 5 days hospital treatment.
Experimental: Placebo First, Then EUR-1008 (APT-1008) Drug: Placebo
Placebo matched to EUR-1008 (APT-1008) microtablets or minitablets contained in a capsule will be given orally daily in first double-blind intervention period; at a dose based on investigator's discretion as achieved during dose titration and stabilization period (6 to 9 days). Treatment duration for first double-blind intervention period will be 2 days home treatment and 3 to 5 days hospital treatment.
Drug: EUR-1008 (APT-1008)
EUR-1008 (APT-1008) microtablets (5000 lipase units) or minitablets (10000, 15000 or 20000 lipase units) contained in a capsule will be given orally daily in second double-blind intervention period; at a dose based on investigator's discretion as achieved during dose titration and stabilization period (6 to 9 days). Treatment duration for second double-blind intervention period will be 2 days home treatment and 3 to 5 days hospital treatment.

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-treatment, crossover, multicenter trial in participants with CF and EPI. The study consists of a screening period (1 to 14 days), a washout period (2 days), a dose titration/stabilization period (6 to 9 days), a blinded randomized treatment period (6 to 7 days), an open-label normalization period 1 (5 to 14 days), a blinded crossover treatment period (6 to 7 days), followed by an open-label normalization period 2 (7 days). The order of treatments (placebo followed by EUR-1008 [APT-1008] or EUR-1008 [APT-1008] followed by placebo) will be determined by randomization at the beginning of randomization treatment period only and will be carried through the crossover treatment period. The starting dose will be 1,000 lipase units per kilogram per meal (lipase units/kg/meal), which will be titrated to control symptoms of EPI, with the total dose not exceeding 10,000 lipase units/kg/day.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with age greater than or equal to (>=) 7 years at the time of enrollment
  • Participants with weight 70 kg or less and be in an adequate nutritional status as indicated by a body mass index (BMI) >=20 kg/m^2 for ages 18 and above, or a BMI above the twenty fifth percentile for participants aged 7 to 17 years
  • Participants with confirmed diagnosis of CF who have 2 clinical features consistent with CF, and have either a genotype with 2 identifiable mutations consistent with CF or a sweat chloride concentration that is more than 60 milliequivalent per liter by quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis
  • Participants with confirmed diagnosis of EPI who are currently receiving treatment with a commercially available PEP and have documented with a fecal elastase of <100 microgram per gram stool (if no documentation was available, a stool sample was taken at Screening for determination of fecal elastase).
  • Clinically stable participants with no evidence of acute respiratory disease or any other acute condition
  • Participants who are willing and able to interrupt current CF treatment for CF-related malabsorption along with any medications that may affect gastric motility or stomach power of hydrogen (pH)
  • Participants 18 years of age and older had to a) understand the requirements of the study, b) provide written informed consent, c) agree to abide by the study restrictions, and d) return for the required assessments
  • Participants 7 to 17 years of age must have a parent(s) or legal guardian who provides written informed consent, agree to abide by the study restrictions
  • Females participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and must agree to use adequate birth control during the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with fibrosing colonopathy, hyperuricemia or hyperuricosuria
  • Participants who are allergic to pork or other porcine PEPs
  • Participants with forced expiratory volume (FEV1) <30 percent of predicted FEV1 at screening
  • Participants with any acute systemic administration of an antibiotic for any reason in the previous 4 weeks; however, a low stable dose of an antibiotic or chronic treatment with an inhalatory antibiotic is allowed
  • Participants with hepatic insufficiency as defined by history or presence of ascites or serum albumin level of < 3.0 milligram/deciliter, or a coagulopathy with an international normalized ratio that is greater than 1.7
  • Participants who have used an acute dose of any steroid in the previous 2 weeks; however, low chronic doses of a steroid is allowed
  • Participants with history of or current diagnosis of distal ileal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) as evidenced or suggested by constipation, abdominal pain, anorexia, early satiety, recurrent vomiting, and palpable fecal mass on physical examination (the absence of DIOS will be confirmed by an X-ray of the abdomen taken at screening)
  • Participants with any solid organ transplant or surgery affecting the bowel. Participants with a history of appendectomy and inguinal (non-incarcerated) hernioplasty or meconium ileus without the need for bowel resection could be enrolled. Gastrointestinal-tube-fed patients, in absence of dumping syndrome, were also eligible
  • Participants with history of or current screening evaluation of hyperglycemia as defined by an 8-hour fasting blood glucose (FBG) of >126 mg/dL, or of CF-related diabetes as determined according to the CFF Consensus Conference of January 1999 (Section IX Part II), that is: a) FBG >126 mg/dL (7.0 millimoles per liter [mmol/L]) on two or more occasions b)FBG >126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) plus casual (without regard to time of day or last meal consumed) glucose level >200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) c)Casual (previously called random) glucose levels >200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) on two or more occasions with symptoms
  • Participants using an enzyme preparation in excess of 10,000-lipase units/kg/day
  • Participants using an immunosuppressive drug
  • Participants who are expecting an inability to tolerate the washout period and/or the placebo treatment
  • Participants participating in an investigational study of a drug, biologic, or device not currently approved for marketing, within 30 days of screening visit
  • Female participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding, or unwilling to use effective birth control during study
  • Participants with any condition that would, in the investigator's opinion, limit the participant's ability to complete the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00297167

Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas Health Center at Tyler
Tyler, Texas, United States, 75708
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aptalis Pharma
Investigators
Study Director: Aptalis Medical Information Aptalis Pharma
  More Information

No publications provided by Aptalis Pharma

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Aptalis Pharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00297167     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EUR-1008-M
Study First Received: February 27, 2006
Results First Received: February 24, 2014
Last Updated: February 24, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Aptalis Pharma:
CF
Cystic Fibrosis
EPI
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Pancreatic
Enzyme
PEP

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cystic Fibrosis
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Fibrosis
Digestive System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Lung Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014