Topiramate as a Treatment for Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease
A phase II double blind trial to evaluate the effects of the AMPA, glutamte antagonist, topiramate on levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Anti-Dyskinetic Properties of Topiramate: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Patients With Parkinson's Disease and Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesias|
- investigator-rated change in dyskinesia severity from video recordings using Goetz Dyskinesia scale
- subject-rated change in dyskinesia severity
- subject-rated change in dyskinesia disability
- subject-rated parkinsonian disability
- investigator-rated parkinsonian disability using UPDRS
- adverse events
|Study Start Date:||September 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2007|
The proposed study is a proof-of-concept, Phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial to assess the anti-dyskinetic properties of topiramate in patients with PD and bothersome levodopa-induced dyskinesias.
Patients will be randomized to receive tablets of either placebo or topiramate in a double-blind, crossover design using randomization tables. Following the completion of the first arm of the study and the tapering and washout phases, patients will receive topiramate or placebo in a crossover design for the same treatment duration. The dose of topiramate will be slowly escalated twice each week as tolerated. If a patient cannot tolerate a higher dose, the dose will be reduced to the previously tolerated dose.
Clinical assessments during each arm of the study will include the following:
- Investigator-rated dyskinesia severity (Levodopa challenge): Anti-parkinsonian medications will be held for 12 hours prior to testing. At the time of the assessment, patients will receive the morning dose of either topiramate or placebo and their usual morning levodopa dose. Patients will be videotaped prior to and following medication administration, and dyskinesia severity will subsequently be rated by a blinded investigator. Levodopa challenges will be conducted before each treatment arm (baseline) and at the completion of each treatment arm.
- Subject-rated dyskinesia severity: Dyskinesia severity will be rated by the patient using several validated methods (Lang-Fahn Activities of Daily Living Dyskinesia scale, Clinical Global Impression, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, and home dyskinesia diaries). Rating scales will be completed at the time of each levodopa challenge and at 2-week intervals. Dyskinesia diaries will be completed for 3 days prior to each levodopa challenge.
- Assessment of parkinsonism: Parkinsonian disability will be assessed using the UPDRS at the baseline evaluation and at the completion of each treatment arm as well as at each bi-weekly visit.
- Safety and tolerability assessment: During the course of each titration phase, patients will be assessed in the clinic at 2-week intervals, or sooner if indicated. A general physical examination including blood pressure, pulse, and weight as well as detailed questioning regarding possible adverse events and tolerability will be completed. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale will be completed at each visit. Telephone contact will be made on alternate weeks to assess for the occurrence of adverse events and to discuss titration schedules. Patients will be able to reach a physician at all times via pager in the event of difficulties encountered between scheduled contact times.
In addition, for safety monitoring, laboratory tests including urinalysis, clinical chemistries (sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, BUN, creatinine), CBC with differential, and liver function tests will be followed. These studies will be evaluated at the beginning and end of each treatment arm and mid-way through each dose escalation phase. A baseline EKG will be obtained, and repeat EKGs will be obtained at the completion of each treatment arm.
Results from this study will aid in the development of a larger Phase III clinical trial.
From the proposed trial, information regarding the anti-dyskinetic efficacy of topiramate will be obtained, and tolerability in the PD patient population will be determined.
|Toronto Western Hospital, UHN|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8|
|Principal Investigator:||Susan H Fox, MRCP, PhD||UHN, Toronto, Canada|