An RCT of Metformin Vs Orlistat in Obese Anovulatory Women
This study aims to investigate the role of the weight reduction agent, Orlistat compared to the Metformin for the management of women who are obese and do not ovulate or have difficulty conceiving. Patients will receive either one of these medications and will be monitored at regular intervals with hormone blood tests and ultrasound scans in order to study the effect of the medications on the reproductive functions. Patients will receive the medications for three months and the study will end if the patient becomes pregnant. The study also aims to investigate the dose of metformin that should be used as there is no consensus to date regarding the optimum dosage for this drug
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial of Metformin Versus Orlistat for the Management of Obese Anovulatory Women.|
- Outcome measures:
- 1- The occurrence of ovulation as measured by day-21 serum progesterone ( equal to or more than 30mmol/L).
- 2- Number of patients who have lost at least 5% of body weight at the end of the study.
- 3- Improvement/deterioration of clinical symptoms: hyper androgenic features, obesity and menstrual disturbances
- 4- Change in the ovarian Doppler indices.
|Study Start Date:||February 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
We aim to recruit 40 patients suffering from anovulatory obesity with a BMI of 30 or more. Patients will be included from all ethnic groups.
Patients will have a baseline history, clinical examination, hormonal profile (FSH/LH, fasting Insulin/glucose ratio, androgen profile, day 21 serum progesterone, serum leptin and ghrelin levels) ultrasound examination (ovarian volume and antral follicle count), including Doppler blood flow study (ovarian stromal velocity, PI, RI, SD ratio and power Doppler) Participants will then be randomised to receive either metformin or orlistat. Patients receiving orlistat will receive the standard dose of the drug as recommended in the BNF. Metformin will be given in an incremental dose starting at 1000mg per day and increased at 4 weekly intervals to 2000mg/d, depending on the occurrence of any gastrointestinal intolerance. The endocrinological and ultrasound investigations will be repeated at 4 weekly intervals. Both groups will be given a standard exercise and diet program in conjunction with medical treatment.
The clinical endpoint will be the achievement of conception, a Body Mass Index of less than 30, or completion of a 3-month course of treatment.
A randomised controlled open label clinical trial. Participants be randomised using a computer generated randomisation program available at the pharmacy of the Jessop Wing, into either one of two arms: metformin or orlistat. The randomisation will be stratified in order to achieve a homogenous distribution of PCOS and non-PCOS patients in both arms of the study.
|Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Jessop Wing|
|Sheffield, United Kingdom, S10 2SF|
|Study Chair:||Professor William L Ledger, D.Phil,FRCOG||Sheffield University|
|Study Director:||Dr Mostafa Metwally||Sheffield University|
|Study Chair:||Professor TC Li||Sheffield Teaching Hospitals|