O6-Benzylguanine and Temozolomide in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Gliomas or Brain Stem Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00275002
First received: January 10, 2006
Last updated: July 25, 2014
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

This phase II trial is studying how well giving O6-benzylguanine together with temozolomide works in treating young patients with recurrent or progressive gliomas or brain stem tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as O6-benzylguanine and temozolomide , work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. O6-benzylguanine may help temozolomide work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drug. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Drug: O6-benzylguanine
Drug: temozolomide
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of O6-Benzylguanine and Temozolomide in Pediatric Patients With Recurrent or Progressive High-Grade Gliomas and Recurrent or Progressive Brainstem Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With an Objective Response (Complete Response or Partial Response) [ Time Frame: Week 8, 16, 24, 32, and 40 after starting therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary endpoint is to assess the percentage of participants with a sustained objective response (complete response (CR) or partial response (PR)). Response is assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) per the following criteria: CR - disappearance of tumor and PR - ≥50% reduction in tumor based on the maximal cross-sectional measurements. The response must be sustained for at least 8 weeks, and the date of the confirmed sustained response is the date at which the response was first noted by MRI.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients With Grade 3 or 4 Adverse Events at Least Possibly Related to the Combination of O6-benzylguanine and Temozolomide [ Time Frame: From day 1 of therapy up to 49 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Clinical and laboratory studies to assess adverse events are obtained at least every four weeks (prior to each course) with some laboratory studies obtained every 2 weeks. Adverse events are graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 (CTCAE v3.0). Attribution of each adverse event to the treatment regimen is determined by the participant's attending physician at the enrolling institution and verified by the study chair.


Enrollment: 41
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: O6-BG and TMZ
O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG) and temozolomide (TMZ)
Drug: O6-benzylguanine
Dosing is based on the body surface area (BSA) calculated at the beginning of each course of therapy. O6-Benzylguanine, 120 mg/m^2, will be administered as a one-hour intravenous (IV) infusion, daily for 5 days. Four consecutive weeks will constitute one course. Courses will be repeated every 4 weeks for up to 12 courses of therapy.
Drug: temozolomide
Dosing is based on the body surface area (BSA) calculated at the beginning of each course of therapy. Temozolomide, 75 mg/m^2 (rounded to the nearest 5 mg, the size of the smallest capsule) will be given orally, 30 minutes following the completion of each infusion of O6-Benzylguanine. Four consecutive weeks will constitute one course. Courses will be repeated every 4 weeks for up to 12 courses.
Other Name: Temodar

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the sustained objective response rate to the combination of O6-benzylguanine and temozolomide in pediatric patients with recurrent or progressive high-grade gliomas and brain stem tumors.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor type (high-grade gliomas vs brain stem tumors).

Patients receive O6-benzylguanine IV over 1 hour followed by oral temozolomide on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed to the earliest of 30 days following discontinuation of therapy or the initiation of additional anti-cancer therapy or death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Tumor: Participants must have a high-grade glioma (including e.g. histologically confirmed anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, anaplastic ganglioma, gliosarcoma) or a brainstem tumor (histologic confirmation waived) with documentation of disease recurrence or progression after treatment with standard therapy. Participants must have bi-dimensionally measurable disease, defined as at least 1 lesion that can be measured in ≥ 2 dimensions
  • Age: 21 years of age or less
  • Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% (for patients > 16 years of age) or Lansky 60-100% (for patients ≤ 16 years of age)
  • Life expectancy: Not specified
  • Hematopoietic: Must have adequate bone marrow function defined as absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm^3, platelet count > 100,000/mm^3 (unsupported), hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (may be supported), and absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 500/mm^3
  • Hepatic: Must have SGOT and SGPT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN), bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN, and no overt hepatic disease
  • Renal: Participants must have creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min or creatinine based on age as follows: no greater than 0.8 mg/dL (for patients ≤ 5 years of age), no greater than 1.0 mg/dL (for patients 6 to 10 years of age), no greater than 1.2 mg/dL (for patients 11 to 15 years of age), or no greater than 1.5 mg/dL (for patients > 15 years of age). There must be no overt renal disease
  • Cardiovascular: Must have no overt cardiac disease
  • Pulmonary: Must have no overt pulmonary disease
  • Other: Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study registration, and must avoid breast-feeding. Female and male participants of childbearing or child-fathering potential must use effective contraception
  • Bone Marrow Transplant: Must be at least 6 months since prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and at least 3 months since prior autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation
  • Growth Factors: Must be at least 2 weeks since prior colony-stimulating factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF], or erythropoietin)
  • Prior Chemotherapy: Must have received last dose of myelosuppressive anticancer chemotherapy ≥ 3 weeks prior to study registration and ≥ 6 weeks for nitrosoureas. Must have received last dose of nonmyelosuppressive investigational agents or anticancer drugs ≥ 7 days prior to study registration. Participants who have received prior temozolomide are eligible
  • Concurrent Endocrine Therapy: Concurrent corticosteroid therapy is allowed
  • Prior Radiotherapy: Must have received last fraction of craniospinal irradiation and local irradiation to the primary tumor ≥ 12 weeks prior to study registration
  • Prior Therapy-Other: Must have recovered from all prior therapy

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Must not have history of severe toxicity (≥ grade 3) associated with temozolomide
  • Must not be receiving other concurrent anticancer or investigational therapy
  • Must not have history of hypersensitivity to dacarbazine, temozolomide, or polyethylene glycol (PEG)
  • Must not have uncontrolled significant systemic illness including infection, or overt renal, hepatic, cardiac, or pulmonary disease
  • Must not be HIV positive
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00275002

Locations
United States, California
UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, District of Columbia
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010-2970
United States, Illinois
Children's Memorial Hospital - Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center at Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, North Carolina
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4318
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
United States, Texas
Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center at Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Texas Children's Cancer Center and Hematology Service at Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-2399
United States, Washington
Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center - Seattle
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Katherine Warren, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00275002     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00291291
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03050, PBTC-015, NCI-06-C-0089, NCI-P6692, CDR0000455561
Study First Received: January 10, 2006
Results First Received: July 13, 2011
Last Updated: July 25, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent childhood brain stem glioma
recurrent childhood brain tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioma
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Brain Stem Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Infratentorial Neoplasms
Brain Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Temozolomide
Dacarbazine
O(6)-benzylguanine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014