Bone Marrow Cell Gene Transfer in Individuals With Fanconi Anemia
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a disease that affects an individual's bone marrow. It is caused by a defective gene in the bone marrow cells that produce various types of blood cells. Individuals with FA may experience fatigue, bleeding, and increased infections. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a gene transfer procedure in generating new, healthy cells in individuals with FA.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Gene Transfer From Patients With Fanconi Anemia, Genotype A: A Pilot Study|
- Safety of gene transfer methods
- Short-term and long-term engraftment of gene-corrected autologous hematopoietic cells (all measured at Year 1)
- Frequency and function of the integrated recombinant Fanconi vector
- Efficiency of engraftment of multilineage gene corrected clones
- Lineage contribution and longevity of molecularly distinguishable gene marked clones
- Development of myelodysplastic syndrome or overt leukemia (all measured at Year 1)
|Study Start Date:||August 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2007|
FA is a rare, inherited disease that is caused by a gene defect and that primarily affects an individual's bone marrow, resulting in decreased production of blood cells. The lack of white blood cells affects an individual's ability to fight infections, the lack of platelets may result in bleeding, and the lack of red blood cells usually leads to anemia. FA is typically diagnosed in childhood, and there is a high fatality rate. Bone marrow transplants are one common treatment for FA. However, there are many risks associated with transplantation, including rejection of the transplanted cells and graft-versus-host disease, a serious side effect in which donor cells attack the recipient's tissues. This study will use an experimental gene transfer procedure performed in a laboratory to insert a new FA gene into the participant's bone marrow cells. The gene-corrected bone marrow cells will then be re-infused into the participant and participants will be observed for successful gene transfer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the FA gene transfer procedure and to determine the ability of the gene-corrected cells at generating new, healthy blood cells in individuals with FA.
This study will enroll individuals with FA. Participants will be required to have the initial bone marrow transfer procedure performed at Cincinnati Children's Hospital, but will be allowed to see their own doctor for the majority of study visits. Participants will first attend a screening visit, which will include a physical exam, blood draw for laboratory testing, and a bone marrow biopsy. Bone marrow cells will be collected from eligible participants and sent to a laboratory for the FA gene transfer procedure. Several days later, the gene-corrected cells will be re-infused back into the participants via an intravenous catheter. Side effects will be closely monitored for 12 hours following the procedure and participants may be required to spend an overnight in the hospital. Following discharge from the hospital, participants will be required to stay in the Cincinnati area for 3 days to undergo daily evaluations and physical examinations. Participants will continue to be followed very closely for the first year after cell re-infusion. Study visits will be held weekly for the first 3 weeks, and then every 3 months for the remainder of the year. Visits will include physical examinations, blood collection, and liver function testing. Bone marrow testing will occur at Months 3, 6, and 12. Follow-up visits will occur yearly for up to 15 years and will include blood collection, a physical exam, and review of medical history.
|United States, Ohio|
|Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229|
|Principal Investigator:||Franklin O. Smith, MD||Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati|