Bone Marrow Cell Gene Transfer in Individuals With Fanconi Anemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00272857
First received: January 4, 2006
Last updated: December 11, 2007
Last verified: December 2007
  Purpose

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a disease that affects an individual's bone marrow. It is caused by a defective gene in the bone marrow cells that produce various types of blood cells. Individuals with FA may experience fatigue, bleeding, and increased infections. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a gene transfer procedure in generating new, healthy cells in individuals with FA.


Condition Intervention Phase
Fanconi Anemia
Genetic: Retrovirus Construct
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gene Transfer From Patients With Fanconi Anemia, Genotype A: A Pilot Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety of gene transfer methods
  • Short-term and long-term engraftment of gene-corrected autologous hematopoietic cells (all measured at Year 1)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Frequency and function of the integrated recombinant Fanconi vector
  • Efficiency of engraftment of multilineage gene corrected clones
  • Lineage contribution and longevity of molecularly distinguishable gene marked clones
  • Development of myelodysplastic syndrome or overt leukemia (all measured at Year 1)

Estimated Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: August 2004
Study Completion Date: October 2007
Detailed Description:

FA is a rare, inherited disease that is caused by a gene defect and that primarily affects an individual's bone marrow, resulting in decreased production of blood cells. The lack of white blood cells affects an individual's ability to fight infections, the lack of platelets may result in bleeding, and the lack of red blood cells usually leads to anemia. FA is typically diagnosed in childhood, and there is a high fatality rate. Bone marrow transplants are one common treatment for FA. However, there are many risks associated with transplantation, including rejection of the transplanted cells and graft-versus-host disease, a serious side effect in which donor cells attack the recipient's tissues. This study will use an experimental gene transfer procedure performed in a laboratory to insert a new FA gene into the participant's bone marrow cells. The gene-corrected bone marrow cells will then be re-infused into the participant and participants will be observed for successful gene transfer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the FA gene transfer procedure and to determine the ability of the gene-corrected cells at generating new, healthy blood cells in individuals with FA.

This study will enroll individuals with FA. Participants will be required to have the initial bone marrow transfer procedure performed at Cincinnati Children's Hospital, but will be allowed to see their own doctor for the majority of study visits. Participants will first attend a screening visit, which will include a physical exam, blood draw for laboratory testing, and a bone marrow biopsy. Bone marrow cells will be collected from eligible participants and sent to a laboratory for the FA gene transfer procedure. Several days later, the gene-corrected cells will be re-infused back into the participants via an intravenous catheter. Side effects will be closely monitored for 12 hours following the procedure and participants may be required to spend an overnight in the hospital. Following discharge from the hospital, participants will be required to stay in the Cincinnati area for 3 days to undergo daily evaluations and physical examinations. Participants will continue to be followed very closely for the first year after cell re-infusion. Study visits will be held weekly for the first 3 weeks, and then every 3 months for the remainder of the year. Visits will include physical examinations, blood collection, and liver function testing. Bone marrow testing will occur at Months 3, 6, and 12. Follow-up visits will occur yearly for up to 15 years and will include blood collection, a physical exam, and review of medical history.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 35 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • FA, as determined by a positive test for increased sensitivity to chromosomal breakage with mitomycin C or diepoxybutane
  • FA complementation group A, as determined by somatic cell hybrids or molecular characterization; transduction of peripheral blood or bone marrow cells with the complementation group of specific retrovirus used in this study must demonstrate correction of mitomycin C sensitivity or cell cycle arrest
  • Weighs at least 7.5 kg
  • Normal cytogenetics on bone marrow within 3 months of study entry
  • A minimum of 2 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg after CD34+ selection of the harvested bone marrow or mobilized peripheral blood product must be available to proceed with thaw (if cryopreserved) and transduction
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing with initial donor limited search results that indicate a potentially acceptable matched unrelated donor in the National Marrow Donor Program database

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cancer
  • Clonal cytogenetic abnormality on bone marrow or peripheral blood karyotype within 3 months of study entry
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome based on the FAB classification including:

    1. Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS)
    2. Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB)
    3. RAEB in transformation (RAEB-T)
    4. Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) (myelodysplastic changes in greater than two cell lines, refractory anemia alone, or aplastic anemia with dysplastic changes are permitted)
  • Positive baseline screening result for both of the following:

    1. Detection of Fanconi A proviral sequences by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis
    2. Detection of replication competent retrovirus by repeat testing by PCR of gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) envelope sequence or a positive S+L- assay
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding; women of childbearing potential who are enrolled will be advised that the drug may cause birth defects and will be required to use an acceptable form of contraception
  • Concurrent enrollment in any other study using an investigational agent, excluding androgens and thyroxine
  • Physical or emotional status that would prevent informed consent, protocol compliance, or adequate follow-up with participant or legal guardian
  • Participants for whom an acceptable HLA identical matched sibling donor (HLA A, B, DRB1; 6/6 match) has been identified (HLA typing of normal siblings must be documented)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00272857

Locations
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Franklin O. Smith, MD Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00272857     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 382, CCHMCEH002, R01 HL081499-01A1
Study First Received: January 4, 2006
Last Updated: December 11, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Fanconi Anemia
Fanconi Syndrome
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hypoplastic, Congenital
Anemia, Aplastic
Bone Marrow Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
DNA Repair-Deficiency Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014