CARE Study: Improving Treatment for the Most Severely Ill With Schizophrenia
This is a 9 week, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with two parallel groups. There is also an open-label extension phase of 18 weeks. Both medications to be used in the study, clozapine and risperidone, are fully approved for the treatment of schizophrenia.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||International Study of Improving Treatment for the Most Severely Ill With Schizophrenia|
- For 100 subjects with incomplete response to adequate treatment with clozapine, the primary objective is to determine if risperidone augmentation of clozapine is superior to augmentation with placebo, using the outcome measure of total PANSS score
- Additional outcome measures will be: proportion of subjects with a 20% or greater reduction in PANSS total score, CGI severity score, CGI improvement score and SOFAS score.
- To assess the safety of risperidone augmentation, severity of extrapyramidal side effects, metabolic measures, and general side effects will be studied. Hematological monitoring will be carried out.
- To determine if risperidone augmentation has effects on cognition, a neuropsychological test battery will be carried out.
- The predictive value of neurocognitive testing, and DNA analysis for results of risperidone augmentation will be studied.
|Study Start Date:||June 2001|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2004|
Subjects may be inpatients or outpatients. All subjects will be treated throughout the study with clozapine, at a dose of 400 mg or more, unless limited by side effects. After screening, subjects will be augmented with placebo for 7 days. Any subject with a reduction in PANSS total score of 20% or greater will be discontinued from the study. Beginning on day 8, subjects will be randomized to continued augmentation of clozapine with placebo, or to augmentation with risperidone. The initial daily dose of risperidone will be 1.0 mg, increased in 1.0 mg increments to a total of 3.0 mg/day over a two week period. Subjects unable to tolerate at least one tablet of study medication will be dropped from the study. At the end of 8 weeks following randomization, at the choice of the investigator, open-label risperidone augmentation can be started.
The primary outcome measure is the PANSS total score at week 9. Subjects will be classified as responders if the improvement in PANSS total score is 20% or greater, and the proportion of responders in each group will be determined. Complementary outcome measures will be the CGI severity score, CGI improvement score, and SOFAS score. Safety and tolerance will be assessed by reports of adverse events and clinically significant changes in vital signs, weight, waist circumference, extrapyramidal side effects, metabolic and hematological measures.
|Canada, British Columbia|
|Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||William Honer, MD||University of British Columbia|