A 15-day Study to Assess the Safety and Clinical Utility of Duragesic (Fentanyl Transdermal Patch) in the Treatment of Children With Continuous Pain Requiring Narcotic Pain Relief Therapy
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and clinical utility of DuragesicÂ® 12.5 micrograms/hour (a transdermal patch delivering the narcotic pain-reliever fentanyl) in the treatment of children ages 2 to 12 with continuous pain requiring narcotic pain relief therapy. Pharmacokinetics (fentanyl levels in the bloodstream during treatment) will also be assessed.
Drug: Duragesic® (fentanyl) Transdermal Therapeutic System (TTS)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A 15-day Trial to Document the Safety, Clinical Utility and Pharmacokinetics of Duragesic (TTS Fentanyl) in the Treatment of Pediatric Subjects With Continuous Pain Requiring Opioid Therapy|
- Incidence and severity of adverse events; Physical examination results and vital signs; Pharmacokinetics
- Parent's assessment of pain relief, tolerability and convenience (pre-treatment and after patch changes); Investigator's/parent's global assessments on Day 16 of pain control, adverse events, and convenience; Daily pain levels; Rescue medication usage
|Study Start Date:||March 1999|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2001|
A new dosage strength of Duragesic® TTS patch was developed to deliver 12.5 micrograms of fentanyl per hour, which is considered to be equi-analgesic to a daily dose of 45 mg of morphine administered orally, and considered a safe starting dose in children aged 2 to 12 years. This is a single-arm, non-randomized, open-label, 15-day multicenter trial to determine the safety, clinical utility, and pharmacokinetics of Duragesic® in pediatric subjects who require treatment with a potent opioid for the management of continuous pain, allowing individual titration. After the 15-day primary treatment period, subjects may, at the investigator's discretion, continue long-term treatment with Duragesic® for a period of up to 1 year.
All subjects start treatment with a 12.5 micrograms/hour patch. Immediate-release morphine is available to treat breakthrough pain. The patches are replaced every 72 hours. The objective is to have subjects pain-free as much as possible, using the least possible rescue medication. Duragesic® dose increases are considered based on rescue medication consumption and pain assessment. Where a subject is maintained pain-free with a daily consumption of 45 mg of rescue morphine or more, a dose increase of Duragesic® with 12.5 micrograms/hour is permitted. No increase in Duragesic® dose is to be performed within the 72-hour dosing interval. The primary outcome of this study is an assessment of safety, including the incidence and severity of adverse events, and physical examination results and vital signs. Clinical utility is assessed by the parent's treatment assessment of pain relief, tolerability and convenience (pre-treatment and after each patch change); the investigator's and the parent's global assessments on Day 16 of pain control, adverse events, and convenience; daily measures of pain levels; use of rescue medication; and the child's play performance. Pharmacokinetics will also be assessed. Duragesic® will be applied to the upper torso, and replaced every 72 hours. The initial dose is one patch with a fentanyl delivery rate of approximately 12.5 micrograms/hour. Dose increases in steps of 12.5 micrograms/hour are considered if pain is inadequately controlled. The treatment phase is 15 days.