An Effective and Compliance Regimen of Paclitaxel Plus Cisplatin to Treat Metastatic Breast Cancer
Recruitment status was Recruiting
The primary endpoint of this phase II trial is the objective response rate of the stage I (low-dose) regimen. The secondary endpoints include treatment-related toxicity, the change in quality of life, progression free survival and overall survival. Simon's optimal two-stage design will be used to determine the patient number.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Study of Weekly Low-Dose Paclitaxel Plus 24-Hour Infusion of Cisplatin as First-Line Chemotherapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer|
- The primary objective is to determine the tumor response of weekly low-dose paclitaxel plus 24-hour infusion of cisplatin chemotherapy for patients with metastatic breast cancer.
- Toxicities of weekly low- or conventional-dose paclitaxel plus 24-hour infusion of cisplatin.
- The patients'quality of life as evaluated by questionnaire interview.
- Progression-free survival.
- Overall survival.
|Study Start Date:||October 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death for women in Taiwan. We have recently demonstrated that combination of paclitaxel and cisplatin, at conventional doses, is highly effective in the treatment of breast cancer. However, the acute and cumulative toxicities of paclitaxel have been troublesome to a significant portion of the patients. Several lines of evidence suggested that weekly paclitaxel, at a much lower dose range of 40 to 50 mg/m2 per week, may be as effective as that of the conventional doses of paclitaxel (80 to 90 mg/m2 per week) for patients with metastatic ovarian and lung cancers. The low-dose regimen of paclitaxel may significantly improve the compliance of the patients. This open-label phase II trial is designed to test this hypothesis.
The eligibility criteria include (1) women with metastatic breast cancer; (2) measurable disease; (3) acceptable organ function reserves. The ineligibility criteria include (1) brain or leptomeningeal metastases; (2) previous chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer. The study consists of two stages. All eligible patients will receive stage I (low-dose) regimen: paclitaxel, 50 mg/m2 1-hour iv infusion on days 1, 8 and 15, and cisplatin, 40 mg/m2 24-hour iv infusion on days 1 and 8. The treatment cycle will be repeated every 4 weeks. The first tumor response assessment will be done after 2 cycles of protocol treatment. Patients with complete response (CR) will receive at least 2 more cycles of low-dose regimen after documentation of CR. Patients with partial response (PR) and patients with stable disease (SD) who have minor tumor response or improvement of general condition will continue to receive the low-dose regimen. Patients with SD but no evident clinical benefit and patients with progressive disease (PD) will be shifted to stage II (conventional-dose) regimen: paclitaxel, 80 mg/m2 1-hour intravenous infusion on days 1, 8 and 15, and cisplatin, 40 mg/m2 24-hour intravenous infusion on days 1 and 8, every 4 weeks. Tumor assessment will then be evaluated after every 2 cycles of protocol treatment. For patients who continue low-dose regimen, those with CR will receive at least 2 more cycles of protocol treatment. Patients with a maximal response of PR or SD may either continue the low-dose regimen until PD or prohibitive toxicity develops or change to the conventional-dose regimen, at the discretion of the attending physicians. Patients with PD should change to the conventional-dose regimen. For patients who have shifted to conventional-dose regimen, those with CR will receive at least 2 more cycles of protocol treatment. Patients with PR will continue protocol treatment until disease progresses or prohibitive toxicity develops. Patients with SD may continue protocol treatment or change to salvage therapy. Patients with PD should stop protocol treatment and change to salvage therapy.
The primary endpoint of this phase II trial is the objective response rate of the stage I (low-dose) regimen. The secondary endpoints include treatment-related toxicity, the change in quality of life, progression free survival and overall survival. Simon's optimal two-stage design will be used to determine the patient number. If 4 or more objective responses (CR+PR) are documented in the first 13 patients, the study will go on to the second stage to enroll a total of 43 patients. The P0, P1,are 20%, 40%, 0.05, and 0.2, respectively. Assuming a dropout rate of 10%, 15 patients will be accrued in the first stage and 33 in the second stage. Estimated time for patient accrual is 3 years.
|Contact: Kun Huei Yeh, Ph.D.||886-2-89667000 ext email@example.com|
|Far Eastern Memorial Hospital||Recruiting|
|Taipei, Ban-Ciao, Taiwan, 220|
|Contact: Kun Huei Yeh, Ph.D. 886-2-89667000 ext 1611 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Kun Huei Yeh, Ph.D.||Far Eastern Memorial Hospital|