The Effect of Epoetin Alfa on the Anemia of Patients With Selected Cancers Receiving Chemotherapy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00270166
First received: December 22, 2005
Last updated: May 17, 2011
Last verified: February 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of epoetin alfa versus placebo in reducing or preventing the need for transfusions in anemic patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy, and to investigate possible quality-of-life benefits associated with the use of epoetin alfa. Epoetin alfa is a genetically engineered protein that stimulates red blood cell production.


Condition Intervention Phase
Anemia
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Breast Cancer
Ovarian Cancer
Carcinoma, Small Cell Lung
Esophagus Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Neoplasm
Drug: epoetin alfa
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Placebo-Controlled Study on the Effect of Epoetin Alfa in Patients With Malignancy Receiving Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients without transfusion after first month.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of responders, change of hemoglobin (not by transfusion), cumulative transfusion rate, proportion of patients transfused during the double-blind phase, excluding the first month; mean change score of baseline quality of life parameters; safety

Enrollment: 201
Study Start Date: February 1995
Study Completion Date: May 1998
Detailed Description:

Cancer patients often experience anemia due to the disease itself, chemotherapy, or both. Quality of life is also affected, in part because of the fatigue associated with anemia. Previous studies with epoetin alfa have suggested that achieving a higher hemoglobin level may improve quality of life and help patients live longer. This study is a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study to compare the ability of epoetin alfa and placebo in reducing or preventing anemia and transfusions, and to investigate quality-of-life benefits associated with the use of epoetin alfa in patients receiving chemotherapy for selected cancers. During the double-blind period there will be two groups of patients: one group receiving epoetin injections under the skin 3 times per week (starting at 150 units per kilogram, adjusted if needed to a maximum of 300 units per kilogram) and other group receiving injections under the skin of a placebo of matching appearance and volume. If hemoglobin rises above 140 grams per liter (women) or 150 grams per liter (men), the dose will be adjusted to keep hemoglobin within a target range. A 12-week open-label extension of the study will be available to all patients completing the 12-week comparison period. The primary measure of effectiveness is determined by the proportion of patients with no transfusions after the first month. Additional measures of effectiveness include: the proportion of responders, the change of hemoglobin unrelated to transfusion, cumulative transfusion rate and proportion of patients transfused during the double-blind phase (excluding the first month), as well as the mean change over the study period in scores for energy, activity and overall quality of life. The results will be analyzed separately for non-platinum-containing chemotherapy and for different tumor types. Safety evaluations include assessments of the incidence and severity of adverse events, clinical laboratory tests, vital sign measurements, and physical examinations. The hypothesis of the study is that epoetin alfa is superior to placebo in improving anemia, reducing the number of transfusions, and improving quality of life. Epoetin alfa 150 units (U) per kilogram (kg) or placebo, injected under the skin 3 times weekly for 4 weeks; then either continued at 150 U/kg or adjusted to 300 U/kg according to hemoglobin levels for the remaining 8 weeks. Open-label (12 weeks): dose to maintain target hemoglobin range.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma, lymphoma, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, small-cell lung cancer, esophagus cancer, or prostate cancer
  • receiving treatment with chemotherapy, with at least 3 additional months of chemotherapy planned
  • a self-care performance score of 0 (fully active, no disease restriction) to 3 (capable of only limited self-care, confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours)
  • life expectancy of at least 6 months
  • baseline hemoglobin <12 grams per deciliter and baseline count of <100,000 microliter for developing red cells

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant disease other than cancer
  • evidence of uncontrolled hypertension or history of seizure
  • transfusion within 1 week of the study
  • radiotherapy within 2 weeks of study start
  • use of corticosteroid or steroid drugs during the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00270166

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00270166     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005923
Study First Received: December 22, 2005
Last Updated: May 17, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
cancer
malignancy
red cell transfusion
epoetin alfa
epoetin
erythropoietin
red blood cells

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Small Cell
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Ovarian Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Adnexal Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Breast Diseases
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Cardiovascular Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Gonadal Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hemostatic Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lung Diseases
Lung Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014