A Study of Safety and Effectiveness of Ustekinumab (CNTO 1275) in Patients With Moderate to Severe Plaque-type Psoriasis (PHOENIX1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centocor Research & Development, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00267969
First received: December 20, 2005
Last updated: June 10, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ustekinumab (CNTO 1275) in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.


Condition Intervention Phase
Psoriasis
Drug: ustekinumab
Drug: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Ustekinumab (CNTO 1275) in the Treatment of Subjects With Moderate to Severe Plaque-type Psoriasis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Centocor Research & Development, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Psoriasis Area-and-severity Index (PASI) 75% Improvement From Baseline at Week 12. [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants achieving at least 75% improvement from baseline in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) (0 [best] - 72 [worst]) at Week 12. This is a test of how bad a person's psoriasis is. The combination of redness, scaling, and thickness, as well as overall body involvement determine the PASI score.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Achieved a Physician Global Assessment (PGA) Score of Cleared (0) or Minimal (1) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGA is used to determine the participant's psoriasis lesions overall at a given time point. Overall lesions will be graded as : (0) = cleared, (1) = minimal, (2) = mild, (3) = moderate, (4) = marked, and (5) = severe for induration, erythema, and scaling. The sum of the 3 scales will be divided by 3 to obtain a final PGA score ranging from 0 [best] to 5 [worst].

  • Change From Baseline in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) from baseline at Week 12. This DLQI is a 10-item questionnaire, that in addition to evaluating overall quality of life, can be used to assess 6 different aspects that may affect quality of life: symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work or school performance, personal relationships, and treatment. Scores range from 0 (no impairment in quality of life) to 30 (most impairment in quality of life).

  • Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75 Responders at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants achieving at least 75% improvement from baseline in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) (0 [best] - 72 [worst]) at Week 52 in participants randomly assigned to a treatment group at Week 40. This is a test of how bad a person's psoriasis is. The combination of redness, scaling, and thickness, as well as overall body involvement determine the PASI score.


Enrollment: 766
Study Start Date: December 2005
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: July 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: ustekinumab 45 mg
Patients received ustekinumab 45 mg at Weeks 0, 4 and 16. Treatments after Week 16 were dependent on clinical response. At Week 40, patients who achieved PASI 75 at both Week 28 and Week 40 were re-randomized to withdraw from therapy (placebo) or continue 45 mg every 12 week maintenance therapy.
Drug: ustekinumab
Type = exact number, Form = solution for injection, Number = 45 and 90, Unit = mg, Route = subcutaneous (SC) administered at Weeks 0, 4 and 16. Both treatments (45 mg and 90 mg) administered every 12 weeks after Week 16 depending on clinical response.
Other Name: CNTO 1275
Experimental: ustekinumab 90 mg
Patients received ustekinumab 90 mg at Week 0, 4 and 16. Treatments after Week 16 were dependent on clinical response. At Week 40, patients who achieved PASI 75 at both Week 28 and Week 40 were re-randomized to withdraw from therapy (placebo) or continue 90 mg every 12 week maintenance therapy.
Drug: ustekinumab
Type = exact number, Form = solution for injection, Number = 45 and 90, Unit = mg, Route = subcutaneous (SC) administered at Weeks 0, 4 and 16. Both treatments (45 mg and 90 mg) administered every 12 weeks after Week 16 depending on clinical response.
Other Name: CNTO 1275
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Patients received placebo at Weeks 0 and 4. At Weeks 12 and 16, placebo crossed over to receive ustekinumab 45 mg or 90 mg. Treatments after Week 16 were dependent on clinical response.
Drug: placebo
Form = solution for injection, route = SC administered at Weeks 0 and 4. At Weeks 12 and 16, placebo will be crossed over to receive ustekinumab 45 mg or 90 mg.
Other Name: placebo

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized (patients are assigned to different treatments based on chance), double blind (neither the patient nor the physician knows whether medication or placebo [an inactive substance that is compared with a medication to test whether the medication has a real effect in a clinical study] is being taken, or at what dosage), parallel-group (each group of patients are treated at the same time), multicenter study to determine the effectiveness and safety of two different doses of ustekinumab administered subcutaneously (under the skin) as compared with placebo in patients with moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis (the most common type of psoriasis). 766 patients will be randomized to Group 1 (ustekinumab 45 mg), Group 2 (ustekinumab 90 mg) and Group 3 (placebo) at Week 0. The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of 2 dose regimens of ustekinumab: (1) 45 mg at Weeks 0 and 4 followed by 45 mg every 12 weeks maintenance therapy (treatment designed to help the original primary treatment succeed) and (2) 90 mg at Weeks 0 and 4 followed by 90 mg every 12 weeks maintenance therapy. The study will consist of 4 periods: (1) Placebo-controlled portion of study [Week 0 to Week 12] during which the safety and effectiveness of 2 doses (45mg and 90mg) of ustekinumab will be compared to placebo; (2) Placebo crossover and active treatment portion of study [Week 12 to Week 40] during which patients randomized to receive placebo at Week 0 will crossover to receive ustekinumab, and all patients will receive active treatment; (3) Randomized withdrawal portion of study [beginning at Week 40] during which patients who received ustekinumab [45mg or 90mg every 12 weeks] at Week 0 and are responding to it, will be randomized either to placebo or continued maintenance therapy with ustekinumab; and (4) Long-term extension [from Week 52 to Week 264 (ie, 5 years)] period during which the safety and effectiveness of ustekinumab long-term use will be evaluated in patients.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with plaque-type psoriasis diagnosed at least 6 months prior and covering at least 10% of total body surface areas
  • Have psoriasis area-and-severity index score of >=12
  • Patients who are considered by treating dermatologist to be a candidate for phototherapy or systemic treatment of psoriasis
  • Have no history of latent or active TB

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently have nonplaque forms of psoriasis or drug-induced psoriasis
  • Have any therapeutic agent targeted at reducing IL-12 or IL-23
  • Have had a BCG vaccination within the previous 12 months
  • Have a history of chronic or recurrent infectious disease or who have or have had a serious infection requiring hospitalization or intravenous antibiotics within the previous 2 months
  • Have or ever have had a nontuberculous mycobacterial infection or opportunistic infection
  • Patients known to be infected with human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • Have current signs or symptoms of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, cerebral, or psychiatric disease
  • Patients with a malignancy or who have a history of malignancy (with the exception of certain skin cancers and pre-invasive cervical cancer)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00267969

  Show 43 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centocor Research & Development, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Centocor Research & Development, Inc. Clinical Trial Centocor Research & Development, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided by Centocor Research & Development, Inc.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Centocor Research & Development, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00267969     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01585714
Other Study ID Numbers: CR006328, C0743T08, 2005-003529-15
Study First Received: December 20, 2005
Results First Received: October 23, 2009
Last Updated: June 10, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Centocor Research & Development, Inc.:
Ustekinumab
CNTO1275
Plaque type Psoriasis
Interleukin-23
IL-23
Psoriasis
Interleukin 12
IL-12

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Psoriasis
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014