Correlation of Gene Abnormalities and Clinical Manifestations of Aniridia
This study will examine specific gene changes in patients with aniridia, a disease in which the iris (colored part of the eye) is absent or partially absent, and will correlate the changes with clinical manifestations of the disease. In aniridia, the eye often appears to have no color, but only a larger than normal pupil. Patients may have impaired vision and cataracts, glaucoma, nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movements), photophobia (light sensitivity), displaced lens, underdeveloped retina, and thickened cornea. This study will focus particularly on corneal changes.
Patients 4 years old and older with aniridia may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a family history and complete eye examination, including the following:
- Visual acuity testing using a vision chart.
- Eye pressure measurement.
- Fundus photography to examine the back of the eye: The pupils are dilated and special photographs of the inside of the eye are taken to evaluate the retina and measure changes that may occur over time. The camera flashes a bright light into the eye for each picture.
- Slit lamp examination: Evaluation of the front part of the eye with a special microscope called a slit lamp biomicroscope.
- Corneal thickness measurement.
Participants have blood drawn for genetic testing related to aniridia. Relevant medical information, including disease severity and complications, is obtained over time. Family members may also be requested to provide blood samples for genetic testing.
|Official Title:||Phenotype-Genotype Correlation in Aniridia|
|Study Start Date:||December 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2008|
This project, Phenotype-Genotype Correlation in aniridia, will study the specific mutations in patients with aniridia and attempt to make a phenotype-genotype correlation. Specifically, the study will determine whether specific mutations are more prevalent in aniridic patients who have a predominant involvement of the corneal epithelium. A blood sample will be collected from each individual for isolation of DNA and the PAX6 gene will be sequenced and analyzed. The principal investigator is Brian Brooks and the associated investigators are James Fielding Hejtmancik at the OMGS/OGVFB/NEI and Chi-Chao Chan, LI/NEI. Associate Investigators at collaborating institutions include Edward Holland (University of Cincinnati) and Ali Djalilian (University of Illinois, Chicago).
|United States, Illinois|
|University of Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|United States, Ohio|
|University of Cincinnati|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267|