MGA031, Sirolimus and Tacrolimus in Islet Transplantation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00265473
First received: December 12, 2005
Last updated: August 16, 2011
Last verified: August 2011
  Purpose

This clinical trial is designed to extend the observations made in our pilot clinical trial (IND 8971, Study #1) on the safety and efficacy of immunotherapy with the anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody hOKT3γ1 (Ala-Ala), (currently called MGA031) combined with sirolimus and tacrolimus in preventing rejection and autoimmune destruction of deceased donor pancreatic islet transplants in type 1 diabetic recipients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Hypoglycemia
Biological: Islets of Langerhans
Drug: MGA031
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Tacrolimus
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: hOKT3γ1 (Ala-Ala), Sirolimus and Low Dose Tacrolimus Therapy in Type 1 Diabetic Islet Allograft Recipients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Subjects With Full Islet Function. [ Time Frame: At one year after initial transplant. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Proportion of subjects with full islet function (i.e. insulin independent) at one year after initial islet transplant.

  • Occurrence of Serious Adverse Events Related to Immunosuppressive Therapy. [ Time Frame: Day 0 - Day 365 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of serious adverse events related to immunosuppressive therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Subjects With Partial Islet Function and no Episodes of Severe Hypoglycemia; [ Time Frame: At one year after initial transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Proportion of subjects with partial islet function and no episodes of severe hypoglycemia at one year after initial islet transplant.

  • Proportion of Insulin Independent Single-donor Subjects. Participant Received a Single Islet Transplant. [ Time Frame: At 75 days after transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Proportion of insulin independent single-donor subjects at day 75 after transplant

  • Proportion of Insulin Independent Multiple-donor Subjects. Participant Received More Than One Islet Transplant. [ Time Frame: At one year after final transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Proportion of insulin independent multiple-donor subjects at one year after final transplant.


Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: November 2005
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Islet and Immunossupsression

Islet infusion with MGA031 induction and sirolimus and tacrolimus maintenance immunosuppression.

Up to 3 intraportal infusions of cadaveric pancreatic islets of Langerhans. First infusion to contain at least 5,000 islet equivalents/kg body weight (IE/kg) and subsequent infusions to contain at least 3,000 IE/kg.

Immunosuppression:

MGA031 [Also known as Teplizumab (hOKT3gamma1(ala-ala)] - Visit Day: Dose Day -2: 51 μg/m^2 IV Day -1: 103 μg/m^2 IV Day 0: 207 μg/m^2 IV Day +1: 413 μg/m2 Days +2 to +11: 826 μg/m2

Sirolimus (rapamune)- Initial dose 0.1 mg/kg orally on day -2, followed by 0.05 mg/kg daily, whole blood 24-hour trough adjusted to target 5-15 ng/ml as tolerated.

Tacrolimus (prograf)- Initial dose 0.015 mg/kg orally, twice a day on day +8, whole blood trough adjusted to 3-6 ng/ml.

Biological: Islets of Langerhans
Up to 3 intraportal infusions of cadaveric pancreatic islets of Langerhans. First infusion to contain at least 5,000 islet equivalents/kg body weight (IE/kg) and subsequent infusions to contain at least 3,000 IE/kg.
Other Name: islets
Drug: MGA031

Visit Day: MGA031 Dose Day -2: 51 μg/m^2 IV Day -1: 103 μg/m^2 IV Day 0: 207 μg/m^2 IV Day +1: 413 μg/m2 Days +2 to +11: 826 μg/m2

Total subject dose for a 70 kg subject: 9034 μg/m^2 (assumes a body surface area of 1.92m^2) ~17 mg

Other Names:
  • Teplizumab
  • hOKT3gamma1(ala-ala)
Drug: Sirolimus
Initial dose 0.1 mg/kg PO on day -2, followed by 0.05 mg/kg QD, whole blood 24-hour trough adjusted to target 5-15 ng/ml as tolerated.
Other Name: rapamune
Drug: Tacrolimus
Initial dose 0.015 mg/kg PO BID on day +8, whole blood trough adjusted to 3-6 ng/ml.
Other Name: prograf

Detailed Description:

Type 1 diabetes mellitus continues to be a therapeutic challenge. Previous studies have shown that failure to prevent hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia results in acute and chronic complications, leading to poor quality of life, premature death, and considerable health care costs in 30% to 50% of diabetic patients. Therefore, establishing safe and effective ways to achieve and maintain normoglycemia would have substantial implications for the well-being of individuals with diabetes. Intensive insulin therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of chronic complications in patients who achieve near-normalization of glycemia. However, such therapy is labor-intensive, difficult to implement for many patients, and limited by the accompanying increased frequency of severe hypoglycemia. Currently, the only way to restore and sustain normoglycemia without the associated risk of hypoglycemia is by replacing the patient's islets of Langerhans, either by transplanting a vascularized pancreas or, much less invasively, by infusing isolated islets.

Strategies that selectively inactivate autoreactive T cells and prevent allorejection of transplanted islets in the absence of diabetogenic side effects need to be developed for islet transplants to survive in autoimmune diabetic recipients. The current clinical study will extend the observations made in our first pilot clinical trial (IND 8971, Study #1) that provided preliminary information on the safety and efficacy of immunotherapy with the anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody hOKT3γ1 (Ala-Ala), (currently called MGA031) combined with sirolimus and tacrolimus in preventing rejection and autoimmune destruction of deceased donor pancreatic islet transplants in type 1 diabetic recipients.

In the pilot study 4 of 6 single islet transplant recipients remained insulin independent with normal HbA1c and no episodes of hypoglycemia throughout the 1 year post-transplant period. Three of those four participants have maintained insulin independence for > 3.5, >4.5 and >5 years post islet transplant. These preliminary findings warrant an extension study involving more recipients and more comprehensive immunologic monitoring to examine in greater detail the impact of MGA031 induction immunotherapy on T cell responses operative in rejection and autoimmune destruction of transplanted islets as well as on formation of regulatory T cell function for the protection of transplanted islets.

A total of 5 patients with type 1 diabetes will be transplanted under this protocol. Islet transplant recipients will be admitted for 5 days and followed for one year after transplantation.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 to 65 years of age.
  2. Ability to provide written informed consent.
  3. Mentally stable and able to comply with the procedures of the study.
  4. Clinical history compatible with type 1 diabetes with onset of disease at <40 years of age and insulin-dependence for > 5 years at the time of enrollment.
  5. Absent stimulated C-peptide (<0.3ng/ml) in response to a mixed meal tolerance test.
  6. Involvement in intensive diabetes management defined as self monitoring of glucose values no less than a mean of three times each day averaged over each week and by the administration of three or more insulin injections each day or insulin pump therapy. Such management must be under the direction of an endocrinologist, diabetologist, or diabetes specialist with at least 3 clinical evaluations during the previous 12 months.
  7. At least one episode of severe hypoglycemia in the past 3 years defined as an event with symptoms compatible with hypoglycemia in which the subject required the assistance of another person and which was associated with either a blood glucose level < 50 mg/dl or prompt recovery after oral carbohydrate, intravenous glucose, or glucagon administration).
  8. Reduced awareness of hypoglycemia.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any previous transplant.
  2. BMI >27 kg/m2 or patient weight ≤ 50kg.
  3. Insulin requirement of > 0.8 IU/kg/day or 50 IU/day.
  4. HbA1c >10%.
  5. Untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
  6. Uncontrolled Hypertension.
  7. Estimated glomerular filtration rate <70 ml/min/1.73 m2 for females and <80 ml/min/1.73 m2 for males
  8. Presence or history of macroalbuminuria (>300mg/d).
  9. Presence or history of panel-reactive anti-HLA antibodies >20% by flow cytometry.
  10. Females: Positive pregnancy test, presently breast-feeding, or unwillingness to use effective contraceptive measures for the duration of the study and 3 months after discontinuation. Males: intent to procreate during the duration of the study or within 3 months after discontinuation or unwillingness to use effective measures of contraception.
  11. Active infection.
  12. Negative screen for Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV).
  13. Invasive aspergillus infection within one year prior to study entry.
  14. Any history of malignancy except for completely resected squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  15. Active alcohol, tobacco or substance abuse.
  16. Baseline Hgb below the lower limits of normal at the local laboratory; lymphopenia, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia.
  17. A history of Factor V deficiency.
  18. Any coagulopathy or medical condition requiring long-term anticoagulant therapy.
  19. Severe co-existing cardiac disease.
  20. Persistent elevation of liver function tests.
  21. Symptomatic cholecystolithiasis.
  22. Acute or chronic pancreatitis.
  23. Symptomatic peptic ulcer disease.
  24. Unremitting diarrhea, vomiting or other gastrointestinal disorders potentially interfering with absorption.
  25. Hyperlipidemia despite medical therapy (fasting LDL cholesterol > 130 mg/dl, treated or untreated; and/or fasting triglycerides > 200 mg/dl).
  26. Chronic use of systemic steroids.
  27. Use of any other investigational agents within 4 weeks of participation.
  28. Administration of live attenuated vaccine(s) within 2 months of enrollment.
  29. Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, will interfere with the safe completion of the trial.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00265473

Locations
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bernhard J. Hering, M.D. University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Bernhard J. Hering, M.D., University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00265473     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0407M62505
Study First Received: December 12, 2005
Results First Received: April 1, 2011
Last Updated: August 16, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Hypoglycemia
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Tacrolimus
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014