Retinal Imaging in Patients With Inherited Retinal Degenerations
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the structure and function of the human retina can be studied with high resolution in patients with inherited retinal degenerations using the Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (AOSLO).
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||High Resolution Retinal Imaging in Patients With Inherited Retinal Degenerations|
- Cone spacing [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The current study will assess cone spacing twice at baseline and every 6 months for 30 months. The primary outcome will be measured at 24 months.
- Visual acuity [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Visual acuity will be measured every 6 months for 30 months with the primary outcome measure at 24 months.
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Retinal degenerations are a group of inherited diseases that result in progressive death of the vision cells, or photoreceptors. Currently there is no treatment or cure for any of these diseases and they ultimately cause blindness in affected patients. We propose to investigate the structure and function of the human retina in patients with inherited retinal degenerations using the Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (AOSLO). We will correlate the images of retinal structure produced by the AOSLO with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images of the retina. In addition, we will study the vision of individual photoreceptors using the AOSLO to perform a novel technique, microperimetry, in patients with retinal degenerations. We will compare the results of microperimetry with standard measures of vision used in Ophthalmology clinics, including visual acuity, automated perimetry, fundus photography and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG).
The results of this work will provide insight into the mechanism of vision loss among patients with diverse retinal disorders. Specifically, we will study cone structure and function in patients with retinal degenerations with different etiologies: retinitis pigmentosa, a disease usually caused by rod-specific mutations; cone-rod dystrophy, which primarily affects cones rather than rods; and Best's disease, a disease caused by a defect in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). In addition, we will study the effect that lipofuscin, a byproduct of photoreceptor metabolism that accumulates in the RPE in diseases such as Stargardt's disease, Best's disease and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), has on cone structure and function, with the goal of understanding how these diseases cause blindness. Better understanding of the mechanisms of vision loss in patients with retinal degeneration should ultimately lead to treatments for these blinding conditions.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00254605
|Contact: Jacque L. Duncan, M.D.||email@example.com|
|Contact: Arshia Mian, B.S.||415-476-0444||Miana@vision.ucsf.edu|
|United States, California|
|Department of Ophthalmology Retinal Degenerations Clinic, UCSF||Recruiting|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|
|Contact: Arshia Mian, B.S. 415-476-0444 MianA@vision.ucsf.edu|
|Contact: Jacque Duncan, MD 415-514-4241 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Jacque L. Duncan, M.D.||University of California, San Francisco|