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Study of Acamprosate to Prevent Alcohol Relapse in Criminal Justice Supervisees

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier:
First received: November 4, 2005
Last updated: October 10, 2011
Last verified: October 2011

The purpose of this study is to test how tolerable and effective acamprosate is when used to prevent alcohol relapse in criminal justice supervisees (those on probation, parole, or in drug court).

Condition Intervention Phase
Alcohol Dependence
Drug: Acamprosate
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Use of Acamprosate for Preventing Alcohol Relapse Among Alcohol Dependent Drug Treatment Court Participants

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Days of drinking and other drug use [ Time Frame: Study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Level of acceptance [ Time Frame: Study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Retention in drug court [ Time Frame: Study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Days of employment [ Time Frame: Study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Stable housing [ Time Frame: Study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism rates [ Time Frame: Study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 26
Study Start Date: June 2005
Study Completion Date: August 2008
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Drug: Acamprosate
Alcohol-dependent criminal justice supervisees will receive acamprosate
Other Name: campral
No Intervention: 2
no intervention

Detailed Description:

Acamprosate has been an available treatment for alcohol dependence outside the United States and has recently been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an effective therapy for alcohol dependence. In the past ten years, drug court programs have been implemented as one possible solution to reduce the burden placed on state and federal correctional systems. These programs are generally focused on non-violent drug dependent offenders and are offered as an alternative to incarceration. However, the use of acamprosate has never been examined for alcohol relapse prevention among a drug court population, or among those on probation or parole.

Comparison: Alcohol-dependent criminal justice supervisees who receive acamprosate, compared to participants who do not receive acamprosate.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of alcohol dependence in the year before entering criminal justice supervision
  • Currently under criminal justice supervision (drug court, probation, or parole) in central Virginia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing a baby
  • Known sensitivity to acamprosate
  • Elevated serum creatinine level or other evidence of kidney problems
  • Symptoms of severe depression or suicidal ideation
  • Non-English speaking such that they cannot provide informed consent
  • Cognitive impairment such that they cannot provide informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00249379

United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23219
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Commonwealth University
Principal Investigator: Michael F. Weaver, MD Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier: NCT00249379     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIAAAWEA-K23-00222-B, K23AA000222, NIH Grant K23 AA00222
Study First Received: November 4, 2005
Last Updated: October 10, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:
Alcohol dependence
Drug Court
Criminal justice

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Alcohol Deterrents
Central Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 20, 2014