Use of Ibuprofen to Prevent IUD Site Effects
This research will determine whether prophylactic use of ibuprofen can prevent common side effects of the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and prevent early removal of the device.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Prophylactic Ibuprofen: Effect on IUD Continuation Rates|
- IUD removal
- Incidence of IUD side effects
|Study Start Date:||June 2002|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2004|
Increased menstrual bleeding and pain are the primary side effects that lead to early removal of the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a proven treatment for such IUD-induced problems. This study will determine if prophylactic use of ibuprofen can improve continuation rates of the IUD.
A total of 2,019 first-time IUD users were recruited in Chile for this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Half of the participants were given ibuprofen and instructions to take 1200 mg daily during menses (for up to 5 days each cycle) for the first six months of IUD use. The other half were asked to take an identical-appearing placebo in the same manner. The primary study endpoint was IUD removal within 12 months of insertion.
|43 Ministry of Health facilities|
|Principal Investigator:||David Hubacher, PhD||FHI 360|