Effects of RG1068 (Secretin) on Information Processing in Schizophrenia
The overarching purpose of the proposed study is to determine Secretin’s (RG1068) psychophysiological effects on measures of motor learning, affective, and inhibitory information processing in individuals with schizophrenia. Motor learning will be assessed with a classical eye-blink conditioning procedure, requiring the learning of a reflexive eye-blink response to a weak puff of air to the eye.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of RG1068 (Secretin) on Information Processing in Schizophrenia|
- Motor learning will be assessed with a classical eye-blink conditioning procedure, requiring the learning of a reflexive eye-blink response to a weak puff of air to the eye.
- Effects of Secretin will be tested on affect modulation, pre-pulse inhibition, and pre-pulse facilitation of the acoustic startle response using common psychophysiological research procedures.
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2006|
In a recent placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter study of Secretin in refractory schizophrenics, we found that a patient who received Secretin (1.0 g/kg) intravenously, showed a marked improvement in eye blink conditioning following infusion. This subject also showed a clinical improvement of > 20% on the Total Score and Total Negative Score of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to confirm and extend this observation in a larger group of individuals with schizophrenia. In this 24 to 48 hour experiment, the acquisition and extinction of the conditioned blink response will be assessed in participants with schizophrenia who are randomly assigned to one of two double blind treatment groups: (1) subcutaneous saline or (2) subcutaneous Secretin (20 ug/kg). Enrolled participants will remain on their stable medication regime (i.e., psychotropic medications and related treatments will not be manipulated). Furthermore, given evidence that Secretin administration increases the amygdala’s activation during experimental presentation of fear-related facial cue stimuli, we wish to also investigate the effects of the experimental agent on psychophysiological processes putatively related to amygdala function. Prepulse inhibition is a widely studied paradigm in the schizophrenia literature, thought to reflect disruption of early sensory-motor gating that is present in both individuals with schizophrenia and their unaffected biological relatives, and can be mediated by various limbic structures including the amygdala. Therefore, as a secondary aim, the effects of Secretin will be tested on affect modulation, pre-pulse inhibition, and pre-pulse facilitation of the acoustic startle response using common psychophysiological research procedures. These procedures are frequently used in our laboratory and are currently approved for our use by the IRBs at both IUPUI and IUB.
|United States, Indiana|
|LaRue Carter Hospital|
|Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202|
|Principal Investigator:||Anantha Shekhar, MD, PhD||Indiana University School of Medicine|