Safety and Efficacy of Galantamine in Patients With Dementia With Lewy Bodies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc.
Information provided by:
Neurological Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00230997
First received: September 29, 2005
Last updated: December 15, 2005
Last verified: September 2005
  Purpose

TRIAL SUMMARY:

This is an open-label, 24-week, investigator initiated study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of galantamine (16 8 to 24 mg/day; flexible dosing) in the treatment of Dementia with Lewy bodies. The primary efficacy variables will be the NPI -12, the COGDRAS tests of attention and visuospatial orientation, and the ADCS-CGIC. The secondary efficacy variables will be the MMSE, ADCS-ADL-Inventory, ADAS-Cog, PSQI, and the use of concomitant rescue antipsychotic medication. PET scanning will be obtained on 10 patients at one site. An interim analysis will also be performed. Safety outcome measures will be adverse event reports, vital signs, physical examinations, ECG, laboratory parameters and the UPDRS (motor subscale).


Condition Intervention Phase
Lewy Body Disease
Drug: Galantamine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label 24-Week, Flexible Dose Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Galantamine in Patients With Dementia With Lewy Bodies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Neurological Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • NPI-12
  • ADCS-CGIC
  • COGDRAS

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • ADCS-ADL
  • MMSE
  • ADAS-Cog
  • PSQI
  • Concomitant Antipsychotic Medication use

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: December 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2004
  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   51 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects (>50 years old) diagnosed with Dementia with Lewy bodies, in accordance with the consensus criteria for probable Dementia with Lewy bodies (McKeith et al., 1996) viii.
  • NPI score ≥ 8 at screening
  • MMSE ≥ 7 at screening
  • Subjects living at home or in a residential or community care home. Subjects who live with or have regular daily visits from a responsible caregiver. Subjects must be able to read, write, and fully understand the language of the scales used in this trial.
  • Subjects must exhibit sufficient visual, hearing, and communication capabilities
  • The Informed Consent must be given by the subject and the subject’s legally acceptable representative.
  • The informed consent must also be signed by the caregiver.
  • CT or MRI within last 12 months – to be performed if not done

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Frontotemporal dementia, including Pick’s disease, Korsakoff’s syndrome, Huntington’s chorea, Down’s syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease and causes of Parkinsonism other than DLB.
  • One of the following conditions possibly resulting in cognitive impairment:

    • Acute cerebral trauma, subdural hematoma and injuries secondary to chronic trauma (such as boxing).
    • Hypoxic cerebral damage whether or not due to acute or chronic cerebral hypoperfusion,
    • Vitamin deficiency state such as folate, vitamin B12 and other B complex deficiencies, e.g., thiamine deficiency in Korsakoff’s syndrome. Note: subjects taking regular B12 and folate are not necessarily excluded (treatment must be stable, ongoing for at least 4 weeks prior to entry).
    • Infection such as cerebral abscess, neurosyphilis, meningitis or encephalitis.
    • Primary or metastatic cerebral neoplasia.
    • Significant endocrine or metabolic disease e
    • Mental retardation or oligophrenia. Multi-infarct dementia or clinically active cerebrovascular disease
  • Subjects with the following co-existing medical condition:

    • Any history of epilepsy or convulsions except for febrile convulsions during childhood.
    • Current clinically significant psychiatric disease, as judged by DSM-IV criteria, in particular current major depression or schizophrenia.
    • Peptic ulcer: if the ulcer is to be considered still “active”, i.e., treatment for this condition started <3 months ago or if treatment is not successful (still symptoms present), the subject is not eligible.
    • Clinically significant hepatic, renal, pulmonary, metabolic or endocrine disturbances.
    • Current, clinically significant cardiovascular disease that would be expected to limit the subject’s ability to participate in and complete a 7-month trial.
    • Any agent being used for the treatment of dementia (approved, experimental or over the counter agents),
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within the last year or prior prolonged history.
  • Female subject of childbearing potential without adequate contraception. Females who are breast-feeding are also excluded.
  • Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, are otherwise unsuitable for a trial of this type.
  • History of severe drug allergy or hypersensitivity; including recorded hypersensitivity to cholinesterase inhibitors, choline agonists or similar agents, bromide or the components of the drug under study.
  • Subjects who have previously been enrolled in other galantamine HBr trials. Subjects who were screened for previous galantamine studies but not enrolled may be re-screened for this study.
  • Subjects on antipsychotics other than Risperdal® (risperidone), Zyprexa® (olanzapine), Seroquel® (quetiapine), Geodon® (ziprasidone).
  • Conditions that could interfere with the absorption of the compound or with the evaluation of the disease.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00230997

Locations
United States, Indiana
Indiana University for AD and Related Disorders
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, New York
Buffalo Insititute for Medical Research
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14215
United States, Pennsylvania
Alzheimer's Center of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15205
United States, Texas
UTHSCSA Psychiatry Department
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229-3900
United States, Vermont
Neurological Research Center, Inc.
Bennington, Vermont, United States, 05201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Neurological Research Center
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Keith R Edwards, M.D Neurological Research Center Inc.
  More Information

Publications:
Edwards K, Farlow M, Hake A et al. An Open Label 24-Week, Flexible Dose Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Galantamine in Patients with Dementia with Lewy Bodies. Neurobiology of Aging. 2004; 25 (S2): 21.
Edwards K, Hershey L, Farlow M, Lichter D, Johnson S: Galantamine for the treatment of dementia with Lewy bodies. Movement Disorders: S336, Vol 19/Suppl 9, 2004
Tonkopii, V.D., Prozorovskii, V.B. and Suslova, I.M. Interaction of reversible inhibition with catalytic centers and allosteric site of cholinesterases. Bull. Exp. Bio. Med., 82:1180-1183, 1976

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00230997     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GAL-ALZ-421
Study First Received: September 29, 2005
Last Updated: December 15, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Neurological Research Center:
Galantamine
Dementia with Lewy Bodies
Treatment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dementia
Lewy Body Disease
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Galantamine
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Parasympathomimetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Nootropic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014