Positron Emission Tomography in Predicting Response in Patients Who Are Undergoing Treatment With Pemetrexed Disodium and Cisplatin With or Without Surgery for Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00227539
First received: September 26, 2005
Last updated: January 6, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as positron emission tomography (PET), (done before, during, and after chemotherapy) may help doctors predict a patient's response to treatment and help plan the best treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as pemetrexed disodium and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving combination chemotherapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well PET works in predicting response in patients who are undergoing treatment with pemetrexed disodium and cisplatin with or without surgery for stage I, stage II, or stage III non-small cell lung cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: pemetrexed disodium
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Positron Emission Tomography as a Predictor of Response in Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Positron emission tomography as a predictor of response measured by the decrease in standard uptake variable (SUV) after 1 course of therapy [ Time Frame: Between days 18 and 22 prior to second chemotherapy infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after last dose of chemotherapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy as measured by radiologic response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after last dose of chemotherapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: July 2005
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Neoadjuvant therapy, PET scan and surgery Drug: cisplatin Drug: pemetrexed disodium Procedure: adjuvant therapy Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the effectiveness of fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography in predicting radiological and pathological response in patients treated with pemetrexed disodium and cisplatin with or without surgery for stage IB-IIIB non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Secondary

  • Determine the safety of cisplatin and pemetrexed disodium in these patients.
  • Determine the radiographic response rate, duration of response, and time to progression in patients treated with cisplatin and pemetrexed disodium.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

  • Fludeoxyglucose F 18 (18FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging: All patients undergo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of the head, neck, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Patients receive fludeoxyglucose F 18 (^18FDG) IV followed by 45 minutes of rest. PET imaging is done over 1 hour and 8 minutes. Patients undergo PET imaging at three points during the study: 4 weeks prior to treatment, after the first cycle of treatment, and after 3 courses of chemotherapy. Some patients then undergo surgical resection of the tumor.
  • Chemotherapy: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 30 minutes and pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 35 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  • Stage IB, II, IIIA, or IIIB (T4, N0-1) disease

    • Staging must have been performed 4 weeks prior to study entry with a CT scan of chest, upper abdomen, and fludeoxyglucose F 18 (^18FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scan
    • Mediastinal evaluation and staging based on combination of CT scan and FDG-PET results
  • If N1 or N2 nodes are found by FDG-PET or CT scan, metastases must be ruled out by brain MRI
  • Measurable and resectable disease

    • T4 lesions must be resectable
  • Eligible for curative surgery
  • No malignant pleural effusion

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,250/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 3.0 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 45 mL/min

Pulmonary

  • Adequate pulmonary reserve to undergo surgery

    • Predicted FEV_1 > 0.8 L after resection

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after completion of study treatment
  • Able to take corticosteroids
  • Able to take folic acid or vitamin B_12 supplements
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer or noninvasive cervical cancer
  • No concurrent serious or uncontrolled disorder that would preclude study participation
  • No type I diabetes mellitus

    • Type II diabetes mellitus allowed if glucose is 80-150 mg/dL

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent immunotherapy
  • No concurrent prophylactic filgrastim (G-CSF)
  • No concurrent thrombopoiesis-stimulating agents

Chemotherapy

  • At least 5 years since prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent anticancer hormonal therapy

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy to the chest
  • No concurrent curative or palliative radiotherapy

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • At least 30 days since prior non-FDA-approved or investigational agents
  • At least 5 days since prior aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (8 days for long-acting agents [e.g., piroxicam])
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00227539

Locations
United States, Washington
Seattle Cancer Care Alliance
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1023
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Renato Martins, MD, MPH Seattle Cancer Care Alliance
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00227539     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6228, P30CA015704, UWCC-6228, UWCC-UW-6228, UW-04033, LILY-UW-04033, CDR0000441239
Study First Received: September 26, 2005
Last Updated: January 6, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Washington:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer
stage II non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pemetrexed
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014