Different Regimens of Pegylated Interferon and Lamivudine Combination Therapy in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients
The aim is to investigate the best treatment regime of PEG-Intron A and lamivudine combination in terms of viral clearance in chronic hepatitis B patients.
Chronic Hepatitis B
Drug: Pegylated Interferon
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Study on the Viral Kinetics of Different Regimens of Pegylated Interferon and Lamivudine Combination Therapy in HBeAg Positive Chronic Hepatitis B|
- HBV DNA reduction at week 52
- Normalization of ALT & negative HBV DNA at EOT, negative HBV DNA at EOT & 24 weeks after cessation of treatment, normalization of ALT at the end of treatment and 24 weeks after the cessation of treatment, Safety of treatment
|Study Start Date:||December 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Chronic hepatitis B is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Hong Kong and most Southeast Asian countries. The efficacy interferon-alfa (IFN-alfa) or lamivudine monotherapy is far from satisfactory with approximately 20% sustained viral response. Extended use of lamivudine is associated with the emergence of drug resistance mutants. As interferon is an immune modulator and lamivudine directly suppresses viral replication, it is therefore logical to combine the 2 drugs for more efficient viral clearance.
Previous studies on IFN-alfa and lamivudine combination treatment of chronic hepatitis B showed marginal benefit over lamivudine monotherapy. In these studies, lamivudine was either started 8 weeks prior to IFN-alfa or simultaneous with IFN-alfa. Recently, we have performed a study comparing the efficacy of polyethylene glycol-interferon alfa-2b (PEG-Intron A) and lamivudine versus lamivudine monotherapy for 1 year in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. In our protocol, PEG-Intron A is started 8 weeks before the commencement of lamivudine, and PEG-Intron A is given for 32 weeks while lamivudine is given for a total of 52 weeks. Our published results suggested PEG-Intron A and lamivudine combination treatment is far superior to lamivudine monotherapy (end of treatment virological response 92% vs 20%, p=0.0015). We are not certain whether the benefit of PEG-Intron A and lamivudine combination in our study is due to our staggered regime, the superiority of PEG-Intron A over IFN-alfa, or both. The aim of this study is to investigate the best treatment regime of PEG-Intron A and lamivudine combination in terms of viral clearance.
|Cheng Suen Man Shook Hepatitis Center, Institute of Digestive Disease, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital|
|Hong Kong SAR, China|
|Principal Investigator:||Henry LY Chan, MD||Chinese University of Hong Kong|