The Effect of Self-Regulatory Education on Women With Asthma
The project evaluates an innovative educational intervention using telephone counseling based on self-regulation theory designed to address a problem heretofore overlooked in asthma self-management education: the unique needs of adult female patients.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Start Date:||March 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
More than half of the adults with asthma in the US are female. Prevalence of asthma in women appears to be increasing, and morbidity and mortality rates for this group are significantly higher than rates for men. Recent studies point to unique features in women's management of asthma potentially attributable to gender. These include, for example, factors associated with hormonal cycles, (e.g. menses, pregnancy, menopause) and social roles (e.g. household tasks exposing one to environmental triggers, caregiving to children and relatives interfering with asthma management etc.) To date, no rigorously evaluated intervention expressly designed for women with asthma has been reported in the literature.
This study is to assess the effectiveness of a gender-specific telephone counseling, self-regulation intervention for women with asthma. To test our hypothesis we employed a randomized controlled design utilizing an intervention group and a control group. The primary outcomes are gender-related asthma management problems, health care utilization, days having symptoms, self-regulation level, management skill, and quality of life. We measure at three time points: baseline before randomization; follow-up I, one year subsequent to randomization; and follow-up II, one year subsequent to follow-up.
|Investigator:||Noreen Clark||University of Michigan Ann Arbor|