Vinblastine and Methotrexate in Children With Pulmonary Vein Stenosis
To evaluate the efficacy of the chemotherapeutic agents vinblastine and methotrexate in the treatment of two groups of children with multivessel pulmonary vein stenosis. Group 1 will contain children with multivessel pulmonary vein stenosis who do not have structural heart disease, and Group 2 will consist of children with multivessel pulmonary vein stenosis and concomitant structural heart disease.
The primary outcome variable for efficacy is patient status one year after the start of treatment, where status is classified as either failure or success. Failure is defined as death or evidence of progressive obstruction at any time over the course of treatment as defined in the protocol. Success constitutes complete or partial response to treatment or stability of disease. Secondary outcome variables for efficacy are survival, time from diagnosis of pulmonary vein stenosis until failure, and change in patient classification on a scale measuring the severity of the obstructive disease.
1.2 To assess the safety of vinblastine and methotrexate in the treatment of multivessel pulmonary vein stenosis.
The primary outcome variable for safety is any occurrence of toxicity related to the administration of the chemotherapeutic agents over the treatment period.
Intraluminal Pulmonary Vein Stenosis
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Vinblastine and Methotrexate in Children With Multivessel Pulmonary Vein Stenosis-A Phase II Study|
- The primary outcome variable for efficacy is patient status one year after the start of treatment, where status is classified as either failure or success. Failure is defined as death or evidence of progressive obstruction at any time over the course of [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Clinical status is assessed at one year for efficacy. Additionally, the toxicity are assessed at this time for the safety endpoint.
- Secondary outcome variables for efficacy are survival, time from diagnosis of pulmonary vein stenosis until failure, and change in patient classification on a scale measuring the severity of the obstructive disease. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Survival is evaluated one year after starting treatment.
|Study Start Date:||March 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
no randomization, all patients receive experimental drugs
drug - dosage and frequency is based on size of patient and response to treatment.
Other Name: antimicrotubule drugDrug: Methotrexate
drug - dosage is based on size of patient and frequency and duration is based on response to treatment.
Other Name: Trexall
We sought to develop a regimen that might successfully suppress myofibroblastic proliferation in infants and children with progressive pulmonary vein stenosis. A number of factors need to be considered when proposing novel treatment options for patients with multivessel pulmonary vein stenosis. Specifically:
- Treatment should be directed against a specific target, in this case excessive proliferation of myofibroblasts.
- Treatment should have known activity against the target cell.
- Treatment should be well-tolerated in the patient group. In this case, agents with minimal hemodynamic side effects would be preferred.
- Treatment should not preclude patients from participation in other potentially effective therapies. Specifically, agents that do not cause significant myelosuppression would allow listing for transplantation.
- Treatment should not interfere with normal growth and development, and should have minimal if any risk for long-term toxicity or second tumors.
After considering these factors, we chose to administer two chemotherapeutic agents, vinblastine and methotrexate. Vinblastine and methotrexate have over 30 years of usage and are well-tolerated. The agents used are given in low-dose and do not usually cause nausea or vomiting, nor do they cause significant immunosuppression which, if present, could lead to a risk of infection and fever.
Desmoid tumors, also referred to as infantile fibromatosis, overlap with infantile myofibromatosis. A combination of standard agents that has been successfully used to treat desmoid tumors in infants is vinblastine and methotrexate (24). As opposed to cyclophosphamide-based regimens, this combination has the distinct advantages of few acute side effects and no known long-term toxicities, such as infertility or second malignancy. These agents have been used for over 30 years to treat infant and childhood malignancies. Over the last five years, methotrexate and vinblastine have been used to treat 9 children with recurrent desmoid tumor, a lesion similar although not identical to the abnormality present in patients with pulmonary vein stenosis. This regimen had minimal acute toxicity limited to mild to moderate nausea (which is easily controlled with anti-emetic therapy), minimal alopecia, mild hepatic inflammation, and mild myelosuppression. An addition advantage is that these drugs do not interfere with listing for lung transplantation, an important factor in the overall treatment options for this patient population. Instead of high-dose administration of chemotherapy (that catches only those cells in cycle at the time of administration), the low-dose chronic weekly administration continues to catch proliferating cells as they continually come into cycle. This may explain why the only other trial of chemotherapy (with high-dose cytoxan) was unsuccessful. Of the 9 children with desmoid lesions who received vinblastine and methotrexate therapy, four patients were treated for 18 months or longer. At the time of the last report, no patient had progressive disease during therapy. Two children had radiographically stable disease 1 and 2 years after treatment. Two children had stable disease for 1 and 2 years after treatment and then had disease progression. Thus, this drug combination is well-tolerated, has minimal side effects, and has demonstrated clinical activity against a closely related type of lesion.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Dana Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Children's Hospital Boston|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark W Kieran, MD,PhD||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|